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By E. K. Isaacs, 
Penman N.I. Namml School, Valpftralan, Ind. 
An "exercise" in writing is a repetition of a certain 
form witii a contiouous movement. Tlie form repeated 
maj be a letter or part of a letter. An exercise being 
the repetition of a certain unit, it is evident that a Itnowl- 
edge of such unit is necessary before the exercise can be 
practiced inteiligentiy. After a good free movement 
has been learned, the most effective exercises for devel- 
oping a plain, sensible, everyday hand is the repetition 
or joining of the plain, unassuming standards, in the 
simplest and most straightforward mauner. 

To show what I mean I present herewith a series of 
exercises for the small letters. These exercises were 
written witli a free, rapid, muscular 
movement, and are a fair illustration of 
a /*w of the many hundreds of exercises 
that may be devised by the skillful 
teacher, or even by the ambitious learner 

A good method to practice these exer- 
cises i.s to fill a certain number of lines 
with each exercise. There are thirteen 
short lettere. Suppose you give ten lines 
to each letter, making about four pages 
of foolscap. If such practice is honest, 
energetic, vigorous, studious, careful, tt 
must result in improvement. No question 
about it. The improvement may not be 
very perceptible just at the time, but 
such practice, as here suggested, will 
have its effect on your handwriting in the 

The semi-extended letters, t, d, p, q 
and the loop letters, I, 6, /*, k, j, y, g, e. /,' 
may be practiced in the same way. Then 
the letters may be practiced in various 
combinations, as shown in the plate. In 
this way the learner who has the right 
kind of metal in him will never run short of 
to practice. 

I'ractice all of these exercises with a rapid easy run 
ning, rolling, muscular movement, the arm resting lightly 
on the muscular swell of the forearm, the hand .-liding 
hghtly and smoothly on nails of the third and "fourth 

Don't allow yourself to become confused by 'mus- 
cular bugaboo" or "iJbilosophical bugaboo" discussi 
There la nothing mysterious about learning to write 
less, indeed, we might call the learning of anvtbinc 
mysterious. Whenever you read an article - 
manship that you don't understand, brand it 
"philoso]ibical bugaboo," and fall back on i 
Judgment and good senses. 

If you wish to become an intelligent and s 
penman, don't fail to subscribe for all the 1 
papers. They will help you very much 



Before you commence to write upon a subject utilize 
all available means of ascertaining everything of Impor- 
tance that has been uttered or written by others, concern- 
iug, or in any manner related to, the theme you have 
chosen. Study and compare the data you may be sble 
to collect, and make an effort to think of something that 
others have left unsaid; see if the subject has been 
viewed in every possible light; endeavor to get away 
froin it in some different direction, and to notice new and 

iginal phases that have escaped the eyes of others 
Consider yourself fortunate it you tlius place yourself in 
possession of a single undeveloped idea, and be inspired 
lore earnest and diligent research and investigation 





Send usOve subscriptions at sixty cents and ..„ .... 
maU you the Penman's Art Gazetth and the two pre 
e do moref 


mlums free. Can i 

among the unnumbered wonders that beautify the path- 
way of thought. 

When at work or when enjoying the soothing sense of 
rest and relaxation, think of the projected literary struct- 
ure, and create additional material with which to frame 
itsdimensions. Hsmember that tlie foundation and sup 
porting pillars and columns must consist of ideal ■ so do 
not commence the building process until you have gath- 
ered a sufBcient number of these rare curiosities with 
which to properly and carefully erect a sound and en- 
during literary structure. As soon as your ideas are ob- 
tained, arrange them in such a manner that they may be 
easily and naturally linked in afascinatingand inductive 
chain of thought and reasoning. It is supposed that you 
have come to certain definite conclusions in regard t) the 
subject treated, and that your object in writing an article 
Is to cans; other) to entertain like views in re-.u-d to if 
therefore care and judgment should be exerciaed in the 
arrangement of your arguments, and duo discretion 
shown in determining the proper location of your most 
forcible and important Ideas. 
When commencing to write the article for which you 

have made such thorough jircparation, endeav.)r to lose 
sight of literary effect or artistic word building, and cul- 
tivate a perfectly natural, unaffected style of e'x'prcssion 
At first your pathway will seem dark, and you will vain- 
ly stumble and grope in your spasmodic efforts to disen- 
tangle your pen from the hindering masses of doubts and 
fears which SEem to forbid further progress. It will an 
pear impoisible to advance on such a strange and uncer- 
tain course ; th» Brst few sentences .seem to have exhausted 
your supply of words, and you look hopelessly on your 
blotted manuscript and long for an iuipirotion ! With a 
perplexed expression you read the lirst sentences and find 
that you have repeated some important word in such a 
manner that it lends a Battened, foolish jingle to the 
whole ! Determined to finish the article in some sort of 
manner, however, you keep on, and ere you are awara 
forget all about .style and effect, and discover that yon 
have diliiculty in keeping pace with 
your winged llioughts. Instead of cau- 
tiously creeping in a stumbling and fal- 
tering way, you find that you are run- 
ning with fearless speed upon the play- 
ground of reason; legions of bright 
thoughts crowd upon you, and smile 
like the stars of night; upon every 
hand the wand of intelligence opens to 
your view the hidden secrets of life, 
and you almost forget to adhere to your 
subject, losing yourself in some broader 
plane of contemplation; with this sud- 
denly acquired jiower of insight, you 
wish that It wire possible for you to 
write for a lifitime, revealing to hu- 
manity the unsolved mysteries of 
thought, and thin is inspiration! 

But the tired hand finally suggests 
to tlie prolific brain that there must 
"come an end lo all things earthly," 
so you finish your article, and begin tlie 
task of revision. It is now an easy 
matter to insert an occasional word at 
the beginning, or to add some phrase 
which contributes to the smoothness and beauty 
of the literary rhythm. As you progress with 
the task of criticising you will be surprised 
at the limited number of revisions required and 
will be astonished at your own burning words/ Vou 
will find that revision only detracts from the beauty of 
words and sentiments that are dictated by a trained 
Instinct and spring from the wells of inspired 
reason I 

Just as we go lo press wc received a letter and sub. 

irllUion from Prof. A. H. Hinman, Worcester Mass 
lDdorsing<„f,..-,,tUtude in regard 10 engaging teachers of 
penmanship to tea>,i--« the public schools; also e.vpress- 
ing his admiration at our'^perVorality and couraire l • 
speaking our thoughts. 

.n7:uTTec';lnSy°^F^- ■>- ^■•">™'- 


By Chaxdlf.r II. Peihck. 

Among the multiplicity of little things which go t 
make up presentable writing, that of taking off (he hand 
(in connecting certain letters in words and the formation 
of certain letters) does not take second place. 

In the conventioniil "business" writing of to-day there 
is not so much need of taking off t/ie hand, but with little 
folks where /orm la of vital consideration, with the pro- 
fessional where form is a marked feature and with the 
amateur, who aapires to the beautiful in art, there i 
extreme necessity demanding that such a law exist, if 
the very best obtainable results are gathered in the 
easiest and shortest possible time. No one will dispute 
the advisability of "lifting the pen" (or pencil) while € 
ecuting each of the forms of the digits 4 and 5. 

/ // 

. ^ 

/ • 

y : r 

c- -r/- 

/■ ^ 


-■^- . 

J - /- 

iV - 

/ ' 

?. - t-//^ 







Rule : Take otf the hand after making the introduc- 
tory line to a d g q c t and first part of one style of p. 

I am well aware that the more prominent authors do 
not advocate this treatment, but I am none the less posi- 
tive that many of our leading professional penmen prac- 
tice that which I teach, and that which I am endeavoring 
to preach. 

It Is almost next to impossible to retrace properly and 
to the exact amount the introductory lines to the letters 
a dg and q in words. It Is so much easier to do otherwise 
that the theory of not lifting the pen while writing any 
Kord is entirely e.xploded by the practical results of those 
capable of executing in a manner not to be gainsaid. 

After making the introductory line to the letters 
named, reach beyond at the proper distance you desire 
for the spacing, and in returning you not only catch the In- 
troductory (or connecting) line, but the distance between, 
where the pen is taken off and placed on, will determine 
the slant of the "o" part of a d g and q. 

By not lifting the pen the errors are committed of pro- 
ducing a loop in the "o" part (especially when in a hurry) 
not slanting the "o" part great enough— the result of not 
goiog far enough to the right— causes the last downward 
stroke to be curving or follow the "o" part too far down, 
and this in turn causes the letters to be on the wrong 
slant or vertical. 

In producing the style of "c" given in the cut, It Is ab- 
solutely necessary to lift the pen. One author (the P. 
D. and S.) favors about this style, but directs its forma- 
lion without lifting the pen, which practically is impossi- 

With the "t" it Is somewhat optional, yet it can be 
shown that it is advisable to follow the rule. 

To retrace the part of "p" is to fall in the majority 
of instjinces. Lift the pen at its base and place it on the 
letter again at the base line. 

In making capitil letters the fidviaability of producing 
many of them in a presentable manner by lifting the pen 
In their execution la beyond (|ue8tion. 

Search the records and report. 


We wish to call the attention of Scliool Boards and 
Boards of Education as well as all students of penman 
ship to this new system of penmanship. The author i? 
none other than II. W. Flickinger, of .'^^Cn.^typhia. 
Fliekinger as an artist stands p^r^e-'emineDt, without an 
^'^Tj^j^f-^Jiaa be ln^''j.. ftloted. The work shows skill in 
execution and atoosterly presentation, like only a teachtir 
and artist of experience can produce. The copies are all 
excellent, well graded from the simplest exercise to tb-- 
most complicated copy. It will pay any young penman 
to have a copy, and Introduced wherever it may we can 
conscientiously say, It will ^ve entire satisfaction. 

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Sliorthaml Schoo! 


M Mi- 





lU. A 

ldr.-i» nil 


ll! IrHl 


ill regurd to d.. 


to Sha 

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Pbnkam's a 

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13. The vowels are represented by dots and dashes 
made luavy for the long vowels, and light for the shoit 

14- A 7(Mpy tht at the begioDlog of a coDsonant stroke 
represents the sound of E, as beard in the words he, me, 

15. A heapy dash atthebi-ginoingof a consonant stroke 
represents the sound of a, as heard in saw, . 

Ki. Xligltt dot &iX\\Q beginning of a consonant stroke 
represents the sound of I, as heard in the worths it, ill, in. 

17. A light dash at the beginning of a consonant stroke 
represents the sound of O, as heard in the words top, 

18. The foregoing vowels are caXXed firbt place vowels, 
because they are placed at the beginning of a consonant 

30. Notice that the da?h vowels are written at right 
angles to the strokes 

30. When a vowel is to be read hrfore a consonant, it is 
written on the left side of up and down strokes, or on the 
upper side of horizontals. 

;U. When a vowel is to be read after a consonant, it is 
written on Die ri^W of up and down strokes, or on the 
loieer side of horizontals 

.■[■3. The sound of A heard in pay. and the sound of a 
heard in pair, bear, care, etc, are both represented by the 

33. The sounds heard In the words sir, her, bur, are 
represented by the same as the short sound of u. 

;S4. When a vowel occurs between two consonant 
strokes it must be so placed tliat there shall be no doubt 
as to what vowel Is meant. Hence when writing vowels 
between two consonant strokes observe tbe following 

35. Write nil fint-place vowels afteriti^ lirst consonant. 

30. Write all second-place vowels after the lirst conso- 
nant when they are long, and before thesrcond consonant 
when they are short. 

37. Third place voweU are written at the tfnrf and be- 

2d. Words with second-place vowels rest on the line 
of writing. 

3d. Words with third-place vowels are written undtr 
the line of writing. 

43. Translate the words Lesson 3, putting them into 
simple words; then write them into position according to 
the foregoing rules. 


Jack and Gill ask: Is Gaskell at the back of our 
publication? Say Jack, you go out with Gill and get an 
airing, when you get back, look over the back numbers 
of the Pennuiti's Gazette, until you lind a notice of 
bis death, if you can't find it, read our first number over 
carefully and you will there see notice of the fact that 
Scarborough did not cut Gaskell out, but that he is only 
trying to till the old man's place, and at our back is noth- 
ing but an arm of a broken chair— understand! 

A. C. C, Muldoon, Iowa.— We will publish your won- 
derful flourish in our next number, if you receive thou- 
sands of orders from the same, we don't ask any com- 
mission, it will be simply immense, we know that. 

lU K L 

19- A heavy dot written opposite the middle of a conso- 
nant stroke represents tbe sound of A as heard in ape. 

20. A heavy daah written opposite the middle of a con- 
sonant stroke represents the sound of O, as heard in old, 

21. A light dot written opposite the middle of a conso- 
nant stroke represents the short sound of E heard in the 
words egg, ebb, get. 

22. A light dash vrritten opposite the middle of a con- 
sonant stroke represents the short sound of u heard in 
cup, tvg- 

23. When vowels are written opposite the middle of a 
stroke they are called second-place vowels. 

34 A heavy dot written at the end of a consonant stroke 
represents the sound of A heard in the words art, ah. 

25. A Jieavy dash written at the end of 
stroke represents the sound of oo heard In the words ooze, 
food, pool. 

2(1. A light dot written at the end of a consonant stroke 
represents the sound of b. as heard in at, cat, fat. 

37. Alight dash written at Iheendof a consonant stroke 
represents the sound of oo heard ln/.>o(. 

38. When vowels are written at the end of a stroke 
Ihey are called third-place vowels. 

30. Since hay and lay are made upward their first 
place vowels are written at the bottom or on the line. 

:; written in the 

38. By means of position the student can indicate tbe 
vowel without writing it, thus saving time and Increasing 
his speed. 

3!t. When tbe principal or accented vowel of a word is 
a first-place vowel, the word is put in the first position. 
When the vowel is second-place, the word is put in the 
second position; If third-place 

40. It is always the first do' 

1 the third position. 

(or up) stroke which i 

Position of down (o; 

put in position. 

41. Hence the following rules 
up) strokes. 

Ist. Words containing first place vowels are written so 
that the tirst down stroke ends half way between the 
line; or the first up stroke begins midway between the 

2d. Words containing second-place vowels, tbe first 
down stroke rests on the line, or tbe first up-stroke hegins 
on tbe line. 

3d. Words containing third-place vowels, the first 
down or up slroke goes through (half above and half be- 
low) the line of writing. 


Words containing tirst place vowels arc written tho 
height of a consonant above the line. 


The Bryant's Business College of Chicago have an en- 
rollment of 700 pupils. 

D. L. Mussellman at tbe Gem City College has 300 

Of tbe penman's i)apers on our one desk Is brighter 
than the other. 

Tbe new light which we helped ushering Into exiat- 
ance appeared again, and Bro. Forbes says will appear 
regularly hereafter. The Magazine and tbe Western 
Penman are as slick as a ribbon. The Art Journal just 
got in, showing up Isaacs In great shape; the boys are 
certainly getting there fast. We owe our thanks to Bro. 
Ames for his compliments. 

We wish to call tbe attention of our friends to our 
facilities for getting out display cuts, diplomas, head- 
ings, autographs, etc. We have perfected arrangements 
witli the largest photo-lithographing e^tabllshment in tbe 
West; our photo-engravers are the largest concern and 
do the quickest work of any we ever had the pleasurf 'jf 
dealing with. Taken all in all, if j,.u wane good work, 
quickly e\ecuted. let us knov:. Our engrossing depart- 
ment is not equa'ed in the West."^ 

Mrs. Colcson's lesson in shorr-hand will Interest all 
students anxious to acciuire that now very Important 
branch of a bu iness education. 

]penman's Jlrl ^cijelfe. 

n. F. VOGEL, 

McVlcker'a Baildlng, Chtcago, 111. 



readers two premiQuis One - 

The Procreae of St. 

Inch Engraving, containing forty-flve illaetratfonB, 

il.'m' '"■:'■ 

'''"^'"ri "tun/lril'.^xo-rir'h 

\ inch Pholo-LItho- 
portraitof the Uen- 
iicti fsBellinvTapldly 

b^. ...-.,. 1.1 V, 


> uB, we will make 

the following 


virb both Premliime. 

■ -'^, '■ 



.-,,...■; -.M ui (!Ico»nl 

oward obtaining one 


r Tat AnT QAzzTTk 

QQd out Logan 



clal effort iu lipba't 



pHNM^Vs^AitrGA/KT^" V 

a^l l"<ru 'no w" and thi 

&ret of Scpteii 

i'2Jx:i8 inch olletre 

Uiplmna dem 


and exetiited expreasly £o 

them, tlie value of 


L SI 0<W- 

any School 

, we will olTer that individual Bending in the 
niiie time, a pen and Ink portrait, valned at 
ling In the club. Read our offer for clube and 
it la not worth while worbing for, let na know 
I with the earth and a fence around it. 


Leaaon in Feomauship, by E. K. laaaca 

Hinta to Amateur Preae Contributora 

llande off, by C. K. Peirce 

Leeaone in Shoithand, by Mrs. A. M. L. Coleaon.. 

Editorial Rellectlone 

Lesson in Pen Drawing, by II. V- Vogel 


Oar Telephonograph 

Letter from C, N. Crandle .. 
Bridget Brainfever'a Loiter . 


Floiirieh, by IfaacB 

EseniaeBfor Practice, by laaaca 

Shorthand Cute , 

Uiit on Pen Drawing, by H. F. Vogel 


That the appearance of the Penman\ Am- G.azette 
has caused a little more commotion in the ranks of our 
profession than the appearance of the averag« college 
penman's paper we are gratified to hear. We have rea- 
son to be confident of success, in spite of the difliciilties 
we liad to overcome and meet with still. We do not 
think we are forfunute enough to please everybody, yet 
we have not heard of the old crony, who is always ready 
to predict failure. 

It was unfortunate in one sense of the word, to be com- 
pelled to make some statements we made in our first 
issue, yet our sense of duty and honesly of purpose com 
pelled us to do as we did. Let none surmise our mission 
is mud-slinging or slandering. The Penman's Art 
Gazette differs from the average newly fledged pen- 
man's paper In many respects. In the first place it was 
not started to make a fortune, but rather to spend a small 
fortune in establishing it. We stated that we do not 
CisK".4afill a long-felt want, but that we are here to as- 
sist our elder cou*L.^(nporarieB in the advancement of pen 
art. We read a lectu:^ delivered by a prominent orator 
some time ago, the suli)ect for his oration being Brains, 
Bullion and Backbone. The impression it made on our 
mind never left us ;. jlis forcible argument, that the foun- 

dation of succes-s in whatever enterprise it be lay in noth- 
ing more than Brains, Bullion and Backbone has become 
our standard bearer. 

His illustrations, of the growth of great enterprises by 
judicious management, coupled with the necessary capi- 
tal and enough backbone to overcome the obstacles 
thrown in their pathway, were so elucidative that we 
have decided to test the truth of the statement. That It 
requires Brains, Bullion and Backbone in the publica- 
tlou of a penman's paper no one will palliate or deny; 
whether we possess those ([ualiflcations, lime will tell. 

We will strain our brain box and draw on our bank 
account and defy all obstacles thrown in our way, and if 
we do not succeed, Brains, Bullion and Backbone are not 
the prerequisites for success. We have every reason to 
be proud of what we have done so far, and we shall con- 
tinue to do as much good, for our fellow creatures, as is 
in the power of one little piece of humanity. We do not 
expect to revolutionize the world, but will be satisfied 
with the reward of being classed among the men, who 
consider it a virtue to do good — we have no ill feelings 
against anyone and will aid whoever we can. We will 
do unto others as we would have done unto ourselves. 
We would not intentionally wrong anyone, yet when 
our duty demands it, will not hesitate to denounce a 
wrong, for fear of losing a subscriber; if our profession 
is made up of hypocrites and scalawags we will gladly 
abandon it. "We will keep the three Bs ever before us, 
and we trust in time to have a publication of which our 
profession need not be ashamed. 

We wish the support of all whose support is worth 
having; to those whose fear of a trashy publication or 
valueless sheet may have prevented them from sending 
in their subscription we will say, look at our tirst and 
second numbers and if they think it is not worth our sub- 
scription price, Ihey surely lack one of those three quali- 
fications they should possess. Having acquired a greater 
part of our knowledge just through such publications, 
we think we are able to cater to the taste of the average 
aspirant in penmanship. We are n I of the kind to give 
a lot of buncombe but we will let our deeds speak for us. 
To all our friends who have assisted us so far our thanks 
are due. To those whom we expect to enlist we will say, 
the sooner the better. J^el not a sense of vanity prevent 
you from sending in your subscription. Be equal to the 
come to the front one and all. 


The Penman's Art Gazette was a grand success but 
we are not satisfied, we want to make it a phenomenal 
success; we have adopted the motto of our leading busi- 
ness houses — Large sales, small profit. We received ten 
60 cent subscriptions to one -tl 00 subscription. The 
general complaint was, $1.00 is too much for a paper, 
though they would like to have the premiums the times 
are too hard to allow tlie expenditure of the money. We 
want you all to be satisfied, and if it is an Immense sacri- 
fice on our side we expect to gain in the end. AYe will 
mail the Penman's Aut Gazette one year, and both 
premiums for sixty cents. The cost of mailing the pre- 
miums is ten cents, leaving fifty cents for the paper and 
premiums— we must furnish twelve papers and two pre- 
miums — are we in the field to enrich ourselves, on the 
dollars our friends have worked for. or are we investing 
our dollars for the sake of a future reward t We want 
10,000 subscriptions by fall, and this is the only way we 
can see that will bring them. Now friends, will you 
e.xert yourselves for our interests a little V Are we worthy 
of your support? We mailed "j.ono of the last issue and 
mail !is many of this; we received a great number of sub- 
scriplions, we want you all, but we will not mail another 
free copy to those who received these two numbers, we 
cannot afford to do it. Subscribe and do it now, we will 
have some very expensive cuts in our next, and you 
should not miss it. Our thanks are due those who re- 
mitted so promptly—and all who remitted $1 00 will be 
credited wilh six more months' subscription paid. So 
none will lose, and though we are making a sacrifice we 
know it will be appreciated. 


Movement, nioveniLnt, eir., au^i nnw editors of prohi- 
bition papers write us fur sample copies, temperance 
societies invite us to deliver temperance lectures, ere 
long we will be a great temperance apostle. What won- 
ders one single thought will produce! Is it ludicrous to 
advocate prohibition movement in a penman's paper? 
Look at the amount of boys who come to the city for a busi- 

ness education; have any uf our business educators ever 
thought how many of those boys are also acquiring an in- 
temperate education '! How many are lured into rum shops 
and another vice— gambling dens? Boys that under the 
parental roof never dared to speak an unwholesome 
word, learn to swear, drink and gamble. It is but one 
step to drinking and smoking, then comes swearing, and 
gambling is too often a pnstime with the boys, who in 
their innoceacA see nothing wrong in taking a hand at a 
game of cards. L^t us keep on wltli the prohibition 
movement; let us prevent boys who would make their 
mark in this world, but for the miny pitfalls open to re- 
ceive them, from going into such dens. 

Ta'k prohibition, temperance; talk of the results of 
such a course to your scholars, it may do more good than 
the average teacher will think, but it surely can do 
no harm. We will write and advocate it in our paper. 
Beware of intemperance; baware of what follows with in- 
temperance. Let us rest on muscular and push the pro- 
hibi inn movement. 


The editor of the Penman's Aut Gazette recently 
paid a visit to his numerous friends at St. Louis, and was 
surprised at the good will and words of encouragement 
ecelvcd on every hand. The scribes are all doing well. 
Prof. Bonsall, at the Bryant & Stratton College, has been 
teaching the largest classes he ever had. Dr. Carpenter, 
the president, says they had an enrollment this season of 
about 600. Our old friend Bohmer, of the Jones Com- 
mercial College, where we received our business training, 
is doing remarkably well, about 400 having attended 
there, and new ones flocking in dally. Messrs. Perkins 
& llerpel, of the Mercantile College, have a splendid 
little school of seventy in attendance, and Prof. Herpel 
instructs 300 pupils at the Washington University. The 
Mound City is doing well, and Prof. G. E. Nettleton, of 
Johnston's Commercial College, has a large attendance 
and Is thinking of opening a National Pen Art De- 
partment. Clubs are in sight from all directions. Prof. 
Wieschahn Is kept in a hot stew over the election fraud 
cases, his services as an expert demanding his presence 
almost daily in the court rooms. The Tribune and 
Westliche Post favored us with personal notices, for which 
our thanks are due, as well as we are indebted to our 
numerous friends for their subscriptions. C. E. Black- 
mer is deeply interested in our success. L. F. Hammer, 
Jr., is working up a club as also Messrs. U. Bledermann 
and F. C. Kappesser. G. A. Holtmann had a club of five. 
To mention all would be infringing too much on our 
limited space. We will try and prove ourselves worthy 
of their support. 

We hear that a certain party is aggrieved at our rather 
forcible denunciation of his disreputable tactics of which 
we found him guilty and did not hesitate to denounce 
unceremoniously We wish to say for said party it was 
not hatred that prompted us to adopt that course, it was 
done only in justice to ourselves and to prevent others 
from ever being decoyed In the same manner. He Is a poor 
insipid creature indeed who, if he were innocently wrong- 
ed, would stand next to us and sign articles of final settle- 
ment after having: read all that was said about him, and 
yet not betray with a murmur, that an Injustice was done 
him. Such creatures we pity, and If there is any spark 
of manhood hidden in his breast he will profit by the 
lesson be learned; we would ratlier assist him to again 
become an honorable man than trample him down, but 
we must and will e 



r, Ualryra|.le,of Morrill, Kan . eova: Vol. I, No. l,of 
■j's AiiT liA/BTTK la received, and after acanning 

ra year's aubscrlptlon. Tint ia one of the looat em. 
pllmenta |iaid aa yet; every mall brought ue aabecrlp- 

llona and a'l complimented iia, liut 
bad produced such a longing deaii 
that to have itdiacontlnued would 1 
beyond comparison; but though ^ 

friend would die for want of our paper, we caun 
expresalng our admiration for a penman who Is 
slaat. Such penmen are penmenin the true eem 
tlie r enthiiBlGBm eauaes tbem to heroine ecatallc, a 
i.aiieu them to beinlovs with their calling. We h 
leaeenlhiialaetlc penmen will feel tom'sonie If tl 

monthly visit frtm us, 
, truly we are llatteced 
d scarcely believe our 


ould h 

odo ^ 

good work. Tlianks, Brother Dalrymple, for your compllm 
and nia7 oar paper contiaue to prove of such Inoetlmabie val 
yoQ and your scholara. 



lie pari ment will be oov of the moat prominent 


featureB of tlie Penman's Akt Gazette. We shall 
offer every month some choice design of value to begin- 
ners and artists alike. We find we are iniiuenclng a 
few to follow our example of dropping out of the old 
ruts and trying to strike out in entirely different channels. 
Some ancient engrossers in this city are being wakened 
up and we will continue in our good work. From the 
various designs executed at our ollice the last six weeks, 
we have picked this one as very appropiiate for a lesson. 
Not only that, it is published to give our young artists 
an idea what afield is open for them if worked properly. 
A cut like this we can furnish for ^10 at a profit for 
us, and yet in favorable competition with wood engrav- 
ers. Any young penman of a little business ability can 
get orders for just such work at that price if he gets his 
engraving done cheap. It pays to look it up. The first 
step is to get your customer's views on the subject; find 
out what he is desirous of having, what his ideas are. 
show him your work, make him a rough pencil sketch, 
and ask him If he has any suggestions to make; it will 
pay you to cater to the taste of your customers. We 
are doing just that thing now. We are just estab- 
lishing our business, and it is a pleasure for us to 
please our customers; we don't care to please our 
brother penmen; they may not like this or that, but 
they are not paying us for the work ; we must 
the party whom we are trading with; use good 
judgment in managing your business, as well as in 
doing your work, and you will do well. This may 
not belong to a lesson, yet it is not void of interest. 
This design contains a variety of work. First with 
your compasses, pencil point, draw the two center 
medals and sketch the designs on each, tlien sketch 
with a pencil the eagle and the floater; notice how 
graceful the folds fioat above and below ihe medals; 
then sketch the laurel branch suspending the 
medals; let the branches appear floating, avoid 
stiffness — then pencil out your script and the other 
parts of the design. 

Commence flUing in with ink, as you began pen- 
ciling; use the best black ink, and if you want a 
good reproduction of vignette work, such as is in 
tbe one medal, do not make your drawing more 
than one-third larger; in the other medal is a mon- 
ogram design; be careful in lettering inside of 
those circles— observe the medals hanging and fall- 
ing below — you will find the eagle a neat little 
sketch for practice on line work— the rays of the 
sun should be drawn in with a ruler; It requires a 
little care to make your lines close at the circle and 
spread in the right directions. Do not trace and 
make an exact reproduction, but try and make some 
changes. Let your floater spread in an opposite di- 
rection. Your script likewise. See if you can't 
make an improvement on the lowtr part — ihere is 
ample room for improvement on It. We do not 
want to cry originate, originate; first we must learn 
to execute, then originality will come if the artist 
possesses any ingenuity at all. We began our career 
by studying works of others, not originating, but 
trying to alter to suit our taste. Tbe most valuable 
work we ever possessed and which we prize to-day, 
was "Ames' New Compendium of Plain and Artistic 
Penmanship." It contains enough to give any enthusiast 
in his work inspiration. Uevelope your ingenuity; 
you must not necessarily copy direct from Ames' work, 
but you can find things of value there certainly. 

We acquired our ability through just such works, and 
by studying the variety of work offered in the "Art 
Journal" and the other penman's periodicals. We are 
not selfish enough to withholdcreditwhereit isdue. We 
think others can acquire ability through the same source 
that we have. We kept all the penman's papers ever pub- 
lished, and always will. Study the peculiarities of all 
penmen, and you will find a little in every one worthy 
of your consideration. Next month we expect to offer 
a page from one of the "Memorial Albums" we are at 
present engrossing. We will publish elaborate cuts rf 
such work. We are also preparing a page of monograms 
tiiatwill be alone worth oursubscrlpion price to studen's 
of penmanship and pen drawing. 

This branch of pen art requires a great am' unt of 
that (lualification called stick- to-it iveness. You can 
never acquire any ability by devoting an hour every 
week or two. You want to elt down with an Intention 
of accomplishing something. 


If c 


If a 

Bpftper Is 

hip work, and tu be ^'rale[«l fur words of encouragement ia behiilf 
of It, we are that iQdivtdual. For the last six weeks we are com- 
incDded daily. Comments on our "Logsn Memorial" appeared in 
ull the leading dally puperB of Chicago und St. LuuU. "'I'he 
Comr&de," Capt. H. K. tieny, editor, a bi-motilhly devoted t<i 
Uraad Army afloirs, pabliebed our cat, devoted colnmDS to itsdu- 
errlptlon and retains our memorial as a premium. Send forn 
copy. Addresehim at Miaslonary Kidge, Chicago. We will give 
lieiow u few conimenta, litit oar epace Is too valuable to allow us to 
occupy too mnch lnblowin«; ourownlio-n. aethe boye will say. 
National IlRADtjuARTEits, U A. R., Madison, Wis. 

Mr. It. F. VodEi.:— Dear Sir:— Vonr Logan Lithograph to hand. 
Accept my thanks for same. It is truly a wonderful piece of work 
lo lie excnted with a iien. itespectfuUy yours, 

Li'ciUB FAincBii.D, Commander-in-Chief. 
IlEAmjiAiiTEiis DBPAiiTsiEKT OF Illinois, G. A. R.. Bloomino- 
TON, March 18, 1897. 

H. F. VoGEi,, Es<).:— Dear Sir;— The copy of your "Logan 
Memorial" received, for which p'ease accept my thantce. Tbe 

' best friend. 

ject Is a very touching 

we have lost onr best 

and hungup in headquarterd 

pen? The pen ifl indeed mighiier uia 

you for the present. Very truly yours, 

ord. Again I thank 

R. A. Lambert, 
ship, but lie sends 

Winona, Wis., snys he is no cr 
us n solid dollar, for the Art ()a7 

ETTB is a daisy 

Henry Prehn, J 
him quite natural, 
A. a., by wndliig 

r., Wehster Orove. Mo„ suyso 


Brother Scarbor 

mgh w*9 .ur|.ri.,-d tlu.i«^.^»t i.. »..rh 

Brother Forbes says be likes it 

BrodiiT Palmer says It's a very creditablo sheet. 

Bn.(lit,'r Farley says it's attractive and liiterwitluK. 

BroMipr Worthington says, woll done, buccesa to yoii. 

Brotlier Ames did not express hlniself yet, though he sends his 
good wishes for success. 

Sotliero you are; if you want any more proof that wo got there 
in great shape, come around and see us; yon can spend n day In 
looking overall the lutlors received, and we wou't charge you for it; 
' print any more, however; If these don't satisfy jou, a 

thousanil ' 


called I 

I awept 

■■ ■^'- ■ -ii'i'.' .if telling 

iii.-ivo till- i.ili.'v iixlividiial any 

'•> the Journal's slalemont that 
I >n a mlaappreheDsIon, as it was 
.'y untrue, we will simply say, 
asked for an explanation inae- 
:«cityof the statement made by 


ed, but « 

to iel anything appear agi 
lomebody was guilty, and a 


s disreputable work, all around; he even 

heard some bad things about na.from 

luie. Our visit to St. Louis proved to us 

lerehewas kuown, hewas not admired. 

to New York some of these days to find 

there. We want any one who can say 

to come out with their nccusattous. We 

IS a puppy who (lid not defend 

d stand up for his rights. It did not appear 

or Ames to commit himself as It appeared. We 

lurnal did us an unreserved, unqualiiled, ua- 

ng to make us appear oaaUar, when a word 

from their ollice could have prevented what had happened. 

We want only our little right, and will not bo encroached or 

Imposed upon, by fri«ind or foe. When we are in doubt, wo 

strike right aud left, until either the right or the left side de- 

g. We hope it will 

;btef-maker, t 
rights every t 



e will give credit! 




re credit i 


space is too llmi 

Id to 

allow us 



s by giving crediti 


y postal 


request f 


copy, as a letter n. 


, such a 

s 1 

in vogue 


man'spapersl Th 

following are 

first receh 


eldin<; Scholleld, (^ulncy 

Ul., sen 


B Bubacript 


graceful flourishes 


a promis 


an article 



H. F. VooBL, Eati 


[-ogau Memorial" 

with much pleasure 

ulque design, and 

he siirrounilinge of 

e ingenioiis and &' 

inirable. Logan con 

ae history of Ibis 

State and Natiou 

ait of t 

u Meuiorlal and £ 

trlbutedso unicb lo make 
as that whatever 
:iiatlng bis memory ought to find a place in the 
lericancltl/.en, Very truly yours, 

P. S Post, formerly Dep't Commander, 111. 
I like the above, ami hundreds from penmen on 

-You , 

a genloiia in designing, 
ist in executing. If itdoesnotrun your eubscription 
o the thousands, and ralBe your reputation as an artist 
-water mark, it will fa'l ^hort of its merite. 
*ZETTE he says: Allow uie to congratulate you on your 
It is cerrainly very good in every respect, and when I 
ij "Cblrographer," it makes me blush. Really you de- 
tfor your energy and pueb. This is not tally. 

: Your 

trial o 


Q.Christie, Lock Haven. Pa., sent his i 
>y far the llnest written letter received this 

I, Crandk' did not forget to aid the good cause l)y eend- 

C. E. Jones, Tabor, Iowa, sends his subscription. 
U. R. Stoufler, penman at Janesville, Wis., sent a solid dot 
and eaye our paper is in a fair way of being of great 
value to teacher and scholar alike. 
M. O Powers, of the Metropolitan Businees College of this city, 
sent us a dollar with hlB good wishes. 
S.O. Xerega, Lead City, I). T., sent us a whole dollar bill. 
E. Richardson, Olney, III,, sent ua two subscriptions. 
A. E. Parsons, WItton Junctioo, Iowa, says everything is lovely 
and he is well pleased with tbe Aut Oazktte. See his advt. 
Chas. E. Wbitcher, HoUia, N. II., sends in bla subBcrlption. 
W. H. Sadler, President DuelnosB Educators Aaaociallou, wishes 

C. A. Faust says the boya don't gel enough of Ills automatic pen 
work— he Is very busy. 

C. P. Zaner. Columbus, Ohio, left with us. while pasBlng 
throuijb here, aepecluien photo of his engrossing, executed Id 
the lia:kwooda of Iowa. It speaks highly for our young friend, 

jlion in 

r lime to tbe practical a 


eof h 

r writing; 

r<i. Crandle says onr memorial ia a choice piece of a 
I and ejEecution, and he considers it a va'uable pioiuiutn 
BTTB he expreeses himself elsewhere. We can cot 
ingst our active contributora. 

rtadaraz of the Wesi. - 
Other letters and sulecriptiona were received from P. B. Rich- 
ards. Galcsburg, 111.; W.H. Gardner, Salem, Ma's.: R. B. Troualot, 
Valparaiao, IniK; Caton and Uorsllne, Cleveland, Ohio, with a 
promise of a club; Max Waldo two Biibscrlptloos, Altoooa, Pa,: F, 
A. Demmler, Joaeph Bauer, Juo. A. Rets, of thin city. 


Uelio, Is t1 

apology for Iho rathpr roii:;! 

letter— tbo wires are now i 
tainlly troublee will occur 
Hie olber party, but out ern' 
free Bilvertlelng— he'd be rii 
-tbanke-gond— bye— yee, ^ 

1 had answered o 


"Dixie Penmen" are daisies, < 

eol 1 

Hello Crandlo— say 
boja down South, wrote ue, can't you eend meaeample copy or 
that paper, there la ao much talk ab>iit? Any telegraphic dots' 
lie felt slighted, ao he Incloaed a dime. Now we ire not merce- 
nary enough to demand Ihat much foraBamplecopyand we would 
have mailed it free, but wd donl know everybody's address who 
wants our paper, but we hope to gel there. Lei the good tongues 
wag— eh— good— bye -hurrah for the Dixie penmen. 

Uello Palmer -so— Bennett and Vogel were no good— but the 
head chopped ofT, the tall Is bll right, thanks for the compliment; 
it Is not always that the (ail lives longer than the head, but we arc 
a tough one. We have ninety seven llvce-good-bye. 

Hello Wof till ngton— say you may present na wl 
cent pen porlrftlls In your ofllco-U Is a great piec 

t collection in the worli 
yes— good- bjc. 

Hello Wilson -call a mealiog of the Wiimprac 
sociation and we will make it all right-good- 

We will ere long negotiate with every peuarl 
for a Bpecimeuof his work for our olftce, we I 
Cillers and we want the (Inest collection on 11 

get II- 


N.\snviLLE. Tknn., March 7, 1887. 
FitiKND V(n:iiL;— A peuman may always be happy, 
but there are times in his e.sistence when joy reigos su- 
preme, aucl he is actually glad that life is in his 
possession. If a penman is a penman in the true mean- 
ing of the term, his happiest moments are when he is 
doing some good, not only for himself, but for his fellow 

In launching the Penman's Akt Gazette you have a 
right to be supremely happy, for your little paper is a 
credit to yourself and the noble cause you represent 
You deserve encouragement in the new venture and will 
get it. Postal cards with recjuests for sample copies 
letters of congratulation and good wishes will cause ) our 
office boy to wish for an enlarged waste basket 1 ou 
will also receive your portion of the encouragement «ith 
which you can keep your printer in good humor and 
cause the engraver to smooth up the hair lines « ith extra 
care. You have the ability to execute fine work and the 
experience to conduct an interesting paper. The fact 
that you are brave enough to start a penman's paper 
evidence of your grit. 

The "I>ixie" penmen enjoy good things the same as 
real live penmen, and when a new paper is ushered into 
existence they are inspired, and before they are aware of 
the fact, their delight is rapidly expressed on paper for 
the gratification of the editor, as they know how the 
father of a penmen's paper enjoys reading long letters- 
it makes him actually feel good. 

Movement seems to have its influence with all papers, 
but who ever heard of the prohibition movement being 
introduced into penmanship until Isaacs received an in- 
spiration. Now that may be all right for the future gen- 
eration of scribes, but would Bro. Isaacs have tlie read- 
ers of the Gazettk infer that a penman of to-day would 
beotlierwise than temperate? Certainly not, but tlien 
the young knights may licnefit by such a movement, and 
when the pupils of writing classes become indilterent, a 
leogthy temperance lecture may not be out of place. 
What next? 

■\Ve now have wholearm-muscular-forearm-combined- 
tivc movement. A teacher who cannot choose from such 
list without becoming confused should be placed on the 
black list without ceremony. 
Will send you a peck of ripe peaches In a few days. 

C. N. Crandle. 

the dime museum, and says oi to meself, somethin's 
going to happen in the penmanship worruld, so I packed 
leduds, ye remimher tlie nightyet, Mr. Edithor. as 
ye just got to the windy city, and ye grabbed me baud, 
whin oi said ol was laving fur good— and ol saw the tears 

yer eyes, when yer said "IJridgct, darlitit, oi'll miss ye 

whin yer gone," fur oi'm strange here ! do yez remimber 

how oi slapped ye on yer back an' says, "Go on wid 

ye, divil a bit ye'Il miss me, ye'll find it lively enough in 

Chicago, and didn't ye though; but oi knew ye would— 

11 find it a leetle livelier yit whin ye get started, but 

ill wid ye, and oi'll wroite sum letthers like Mary Ann 
to George, and sum such things, and we'll have atoime of 
it, but be jabbers there is the ould hen aud her fifteen 
young ones in the garden, and och moi, tliat will be the 
rooination of the flowers oi planted expressly for ye. 
Now, oi must be aflher the ould bin, but uivertheless 
oi'm wid the Penman's Art Ga/ettb every time, and may 
ye keep on havin' a picnic is the wish of yer devoted 


p. S.— Oi'm out of the field as a penman, but oi'm rais 
ingscratchers, and whin sum of the champions want to 
retire, oi'd advise 'em to kape up their reputation by iloin' 
likewise. The Easter eggs are genuine. Ye need not 
fear they are filled with dynamite, as long as they come 
from BmuGET, 


This month we offer our readers a lesson by Isaacs. It is 
accompanied by a cut, which was not first penciled and 


Though the editor of Ihis paper does not claim any 
ability as a fiourisher, and though we see nothing of a 
line art in flourishing, yet we are as great an admirer of 
that graceful and fantastic representation of the beauties 
of nature as any penman in the country. AVe admire a 
few strokes strewn here and there, and yet with a grace 
and beauty of fluish to arouse our infinite feelings for the 
artistic merits of the work, but we cannot St'e anything 
true, though it may be good and to a certaia extent 
beautiful in execution. A work of art is judged by its 
relative merits, as to a true depiction or reproduction, of 
the good, tlie true and the beautiful In nature. It Is all 
well enough to say Ue is an artist at flourishing, hut that 
does not go lo prove that every flourish that artist pro- 
duces is a work of art. 

Who would claim that one out of a thousand of the av- 
erage flourishes slashed off by our penmen were true to 
nature? Lorjk at all Ihg works on flourishing; pick out 
those you admire most, and then compare them with nat- 
ure. Behold the monstrosities on and off the wing; see 
what a wonderful curve is on the tail of that bird ; look 
through what a most ingenious entanglement of curves 
and loops that eagle forces his head — not one in a hun- 
dred penmen can reproduce an eagle of Williams', hut 
who will assert that that eagle is a rare work of art? It 
is a rare gem of pen-flourishing, but it would not bring a 
Canadian postage stamp at ao sale of art works. 

Let us understand it as it is; we need not abolish It, 
but we need not make the boys believe a flourlsher is an 


Springchicuen, III , Easter Sunday, 1887. 
Moi Dear Mistuek Vocvl:— Och, oi'm so delighted 
-_*.:? hear ye have sthruck out oa yer own hook that oi 
coold racllj gr^b ye by the collar and give yez a good 
shakin' up, och, ye rascal ye, ye rascal. 

So you have been glvin' 'em liail Columhy. and that in 
yerlirst number; och, oi knew it, ol knew it; Bridget has 
felt the storm a comin', but not in my fate, nay, but I 
was sthruck with a paralysis of the muscular movement 

lerclnl and 
then engraved on wood. It Is one of the largest photo en- 
gravings that ever appeared In print; it was slashed off 
without any extra pains, just as Isaacs slashes off the 
copies for his scholars— hence let the average grumbler 
do as well before he finds fault with the engraving. It 
is a practical lesson and that is the vital point. Next 
month he will give another lesson. D. B. Williams will 
follow in July. A. P. Hoot, of Bryant's College ; 11. S. 
Bonsall, of the B. & S. College, at St. Louis; G. E. Net 
tleton, S. I>. Forbes, C. H. Peirce, C. P. Zaner. and 
others will follow. C. W. Crandle has consented lo look 
after flourishing, knowing the editor's weakness on that 
point. Our friend Zaner will also occupy a space in that 
corner. The editor will look after the pen drawing und 
engrossing when not occupied with the prohibition move- 
ment. The shorthand department Is safe In charge of 
Mrs. A. M. L. Coleson. If such a list of contributors, 
not to speak of others who will contribute articles of in- 
terest, like C. H. Peirce. W. D. Showalter, Fielding 
Schofleld. D 11. Farley. Bridget Bralofever, Dominick 
Domini, and others, do not make our paper worth sixty 
cents a year, or five cents a number, not to apeak of the 
two premiums— we don't know what to offer for the 

School, Nashville, Tenn. 

artist ;ahe is far, far away from bdng an ar 
not accomplish more than slash off a bird c 
or even a rhinoceros. We will say more c 
as we grow older. 

an elephant, 
I this subject 

C. 11. Pierce, Keokuk, Iowa 
i working himself to death. 

tt tip-top school. 

•Judd's College of Commerce started last fall with one 
attending, and now has fifty in attendance. 

O. M. Powers, president of the Metropolitan Business 
College, says he had a very large attendance this year. 

The Meadville (Pa.) Business College has an enroll- 
ment of 2ai) students, and the preparations for commence 
ment day, which falls on May 29, are going on lively. 

The Ohiti Bvsiness Rieitio, published by Messrs. Catou 
& Gorsline. Cleveland, Ohio, is to appear monthly. They 
have an enrollment of :iii5 students at Ihe present time. 

The first number of the Commercial Ad vi»tr, i>ublished 
at Winona, Wis., with our friend K. A. Lambert in the 
editorial chair, is a very creditable paper It Is in favor 
of prohibition by its entire tone. 

The Illinois Couritr gives an account, occupying four 

columns, of the closing exerciseaof the Jacksonville (111.) 

Business College. The boys and girls had a great time, 

and of course Bo. Brown did not feel less than a little 

He tiing among such a bevy of graduates, and he had every 


Thle 1)«auUf»l and highly-ooti 
Ifl nn ontgrowtli o( tho Pbnha 
Kie oldoet, briglieet and bed 
the field of penmansliip- 

Tlii' Maoazisb rota'na tlio \ 

[entiirt'a which nrnkt* it Rhine 
inner In tbe rpberes of 11U> 
eeelt toclnmbemp thsste^jis 
jienman^bip In the foot- 

known jotirnnla In 


" thle qiieen of arte iiji to I he to| 
rail where aha projierly beionge, SborrUanii i 
amply treated In it« columns by Trof.W. I) Uriil;:. 
Prank B^ard tells and lIlQBtrateaeonielhitiL: m< >i< 
IsBQ© which leby no meaofl dismal (trl<'ir i irniin 
ling. Each Doraber contatoea frontiapi'i i> imt 
Italt of some (llatingiiished man, with ali'.it l>i. 
gruphiCAl sketch. The editor is not as end as Wal 
Whitman, bntlbore Is aveln ol iiathoapeimL'alin 
biaedltorialswhich always bringa abrinymoisint 
to the reader's eye, thereby keeping l he Ischrymn 
RlundB in perfect workingorder, and preventing a 
accnmiilallon of dust on the retinal tigs ea. 

Now, If voii wish to test the candor of the statt 
menta made in It^ favor, jiiet inclose Trn Crnln fo 
aeamplo opy and special dlsuounts to club?, nn 
we wilt Bend you a Bemi-globular wad of the richee 
literary morsel to be found in the niarkets. O 


e Dollar, and be enltrtalnei 


79 Wiibnsb Ave., Chicago, 111. 


Shorthand School 

0P8I1 Day aiil EfBHii- 
[individual Instruction, 

I.ossoiiB by iiiiiil a special feature. 
Terms reasonable and satisfaction 
guaranteed in every particular. Po- 
sitions secured for pupils as soon as 
competent, three months being quite 
sufficient for personal instruction at 
the Day School, and six months for 
Evening or Mail Lessons. 

For further information address 

Mrs, A. M. L. COLESON, Prin, 

54 McVicker's Theater Bldg., 



Penman's Art Gazette 

tiiumend our offlce as the properplace to apply to 
.or such work. We are centrally located In the 
heart of this great connlry. Chicago Is the me- 
tropolis of the West, and It will outdistance the 
East ere many yeara. We have made arrange- 
mente with larjro eetabllsbmentB bo that we can 
furnish Photo Kngravinss or Photo Lithographs 

liure and 

9 good, a 

nd ^vo do 

not heslt, 



f glvini; 

entire sui 

f . VOGEL 





Designs for Colleges executed in the most artistic manner and original style, 


(Jin also furnish Penman's Supplit'-i at lowest prices Pb(it<") Eiigravitijrs for our brother penmen at the lowest rates ami 
shortest possilt'e time eitgra\e. We ara centrally located, all ortie"i-3 are promptly filled and we can reach you in less time than 

H. F. VOGEIa, McVicker's Building, CHICAGO, IImIm. 

^2\\\(^rap\)\Q : Art 


Penmanship, Bookkeeping, 

Pen Flourishing. Etc. 
Send for samjile copy. Ail.lifss « 


Learn to Write Your Name. 

■eive circular and price-list ad- 

nntoii. lonii 

No Chestnuts 

But a Full Set oi.' 


Celebrated Tracing Exercises 

Sent on receipt of 2.''»i\ Just the thiiiL' to 

A set given with a copy of Peikce's 
Piiii.osoi'iHCAT. Treatise OK Pen MANsHii- 
for 50c. This book contains 700 questions 

and 700 answers, besides olher matter all 
pertainiog to penmnDsbip. 

Sample copies of my system of pen 
manship sent on receipt of 25c. Addre.'^s; 


Pen. Dept. Keo^nk City S 

PenMM Journal 

Is not defunct by any means, 

but Tvill loom up in greater 

shape than ever before. 

For a sample copy ad-.lresa 








A^lpai^e Hook, contatnln}! 31 pages of lieaiitifal Pen Work f<ir i'l Thlo Imiik ip conceded by 
penmen and etiidenlei ro ho tlie flni-et ever eent out liy any penmnn I! very psge le a nem fresli from 
lliepen— Mnt Printed. Kvory book i;iv, b perfect aattsfartion. If v<m are in nnv doiilit alioiit 
lifins pleased, order the liook, and after examining you ar>' not satl»ned wltli your bar?al->, re- 
turn Itie boolE, and I will refund tlie lonney 

If you would lilio to see a specimen '•■fore oiderlnt; tlie hook, aend me two silver dhnee and you 
will receive ae line a specimen of IlonrlBlilni;, lettering and plain writing ne yon evpr aaw. 

xa 1.T z>ossi^ZjiEi? 

Yes. I will send you a set of rapila'«, a nourish, a specimen of plnln writing, and your nnme ele- 
}:anily wrlttun on six cards— ali for three silver dinies iind a U S. red i-tunip. 

,„a,o*n „. .™^>,,,,,e^,|^.^™^,^,£^^^A,,,,,.,,,,,.ln,,, 

Mtnlloii Ihe Penmam s ,\ar NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE. 


BY Inclosing a 2-ceiit stsm.i to C, A. 
FAUST you will receive by r, turn 
mail one of his circulars and your name 
addressed with the Automatic Shadiog 
Pen, in the most artistic manuer, or for 1 
cents he will send you a specimen of hi^ 
marvelous Shaded IJack-hand Writing and 
Automatic Shaded Pen Work. The sam- 
ple is worth many times the cost as a speci- 
men for your scrap book. 

Sample pen sunt on receipt of twenty- 
five cents. 

Address all orders to 


430 Wabash Avenue, Chicago, III. 

"The Western PeDman" 

Devoted Exclusively to 

It iB a paper that 
iranch of Penmanehip 

prominent memhere of the profeaeion. 

The moet interesting, practical and comprehen- 
sive course ot Leaaons in Pen Drawing that have 
ever been pnbllahed ure now helng ijiven thron«h 
Its columns by Prof. A, C. Webb, whose orlg'nal 

leadinu feature. The originals of some of thess 
'Irawings liavebcen gotteu ap at great LVfpensp and 

The papor baa manv other interesting features 
which are niiprociated by its anbscrihera, 

Sample copy of this beautiful paper will be sent 
to any address upon recipt of alx ((i) cenie in 


'l-:i>AK RAPIDS. 

Penman's Art Journal 

licil odiication, school-made uad home-made, and 
is the represontallvo Jontnal of the wrltlnt; pro- 

The Jonrnal ia now In its elpvontu year. It li la 
a wider roich th in ever before, and its monthly 
output le more vurleil, enlertainliie, wholasome, 
inslructiveand ?en>rtiliy vitliiable. iji^veriil new 
features have lately been added, Onei f them Is ■ 
the printinge ach month of tho porlralt, rac-slmlie 
engraving of autjsraph loiter and biographical 
sketch of eoine representative American Penman. 

lum i« 

ho t 


mt of ^h 

rlhand writing, in 

charge o 

f Mrs. S. 8 


The peraot 

who 1 

lya ihi- Jonrnal for this ye :r 

of our Lord 

iHs:, \ 

111 <;et 1 

ore for hfe dollar 

than eve 


i that i 

saying a 

good deal. It has, 




cnoQs m 

rit of trntii, which 

one does 


always And in ne 

Wdpnper announce- 

If you 


a Pen 

man. yo 

already know liie 



ou are 

not a Pen 

man and want, lobe, 

the flrat 


you eh 



D. T. AMES. Editor and Proprietor, 

SO.'i Broadway, New York, 


An Elaborate Piece of 


Twenty Styles of Lettering, 
and Ten Emblems. 
Photo. 8x10 inches in size, 
will be mailed postpaid on recei(j$i8^' 

C. p. ZANER^ 

Col. Bus. Colg. COLUMBUS, OHIO. 

Barnes' National System of Penmanship. 

The NEV\rEST. 


The best. 


? the folli. wing special features tu 
of Penmanship. 

'hich attention 

Tlic books of tliis new s 
is respeiafiilly invited; 

1st. They contaiu a tUoroughly Practical Syate 

2tl. They have been r'"'*pared in the moat careful 
pense. l)y expeits in the buslne-s; and the copies are infinitely superior to all others in 
the iniirket. 

:Jd. The classification of capitals la wonderfully simpHtied. E'even letters are 
formed on one general plan ; ten on another, and the rest on a third . The number of 
elements is reduced to five. Other systems have from seven to tbilteen. 

4tb. The gradation is simply perfect. Only familiar words, and those easy of 
formation, are used, and not such unusual enigmatical words as "i^eugma, urqitcsne, 
xylus. tenatly, quinfuie, mimetic and xuthus." 

5th. They cliow business forms elaborately engraved on steel, and printed on 
tinted paper exactly like the checks, notes, drafts, receipts, etc., used in business, and 
which will serve as an admirable introduction to the counting-room. 

Ctb. £ach book contains four pages of praclice paper, in addition to the usual 
quantity of paper, ruled exactly like the pages of the book, and perforated so that por- 
tions may be readily detachfd. 

7th. The whole scries for ungraded schools is comprised in six books; but for the 
benefit nf the large graded schools in both city and country, there are six additional 
books of smaller size, to meet the demands of a still closer gradation. 

8lh. The (piallty of the paper in all books of the series is the same, and will com- 
mend itself to all. lieautiful in linish, fine in texture, delicate in color, it leaves noth- 
ing to be desired. 

!lth. An elegant hand-chart, showing the analysis and classification of all the large 
and small letters, has been prepared to accompany the series. Practice paper, ruled 
like the books, will lie furnished on application. 

An elegant "Specimen Book" will be sent free to any address upon applicaton. 

i'^ Price for the "Standard Series," $1.20 per dozen; for the "Brief Series," 80 
cents per dozen. Special discount for first introduction. 


stamp for sample! 

For copy-book use, the Barnes' J^'ational Pens will bfi found superior to anything 
offered in the market. 

Schools using BARNES' Series of Copj Books, Writing Fluid and National Pens 
are well cquippea in the department of writing. 

The ''■National" Steel Pens. 

A. 8. BARNES & COMPANY, Sole Proprietors. 

Snnipio Card of 18 Pens Sent on Bereipt of 10 Conl8 

Per Gro. No. Per Gro. 

1SI5 "Q" Express. 

1()(] "A" College 

:l:l:l"B" Fine Pointed " 

101 "CBank Pen , 45 cts. 

116 "D'' Eagro&siDg " 

282 "H" Falcon Pen. 

354 "I " School 

444 ",r "' Academic . . , 

1 707 "K" Elastic . 

1170"I/' Ladles' 

li):l "P" Commercial 

Sample Box Sent Past-Pa!d on Becelpt ol' Price. 



The New Blaok Fluid. IVrlteB Jet Black at Once. 

1. tjaarts. labels in ten colors, 1 do?., in box, per doz., $ ' 

3 Pints, •■ " 1 • 1 

3. Half-pints, " " 1 ■ 1 

4. 4-oz, Plat Pen-rest Stands, 3 ■' 
."). 2-oz. Wide Mouth Cylinder, 3 " 
0. 2 oz. Wide Mouth Cones. 3 " 
7. l-oz. Wide Mouth Cylinder, " 
7^2 Igal. In Patent Faucet Swingii 

per gr., 15 OO 


2 50 


Writes a dceii bine; aooo tnrne to nn intenMO black; will make €ne copy. 

8. (Quarts, labels In ten colors, 1 doz. in box, per doz $ 7 50 

■ Pints, 

" " 2 75 

per gross 1500 

10. Ilalf-plnts, " " 1 

11. 4-oz. Flat Pen-rest Stands, 3 
13. 3.0Z. Wide Mouth Cplinder, :i 
13. 2 oz. Wide Mouth Cones, 3 
14 1-nz. Wide Mouth Cylinder, 

A. S. BARNES & CO., Publishers, HI William Street, New York, or 265 WalDash Avenue, Chicago, 

-TWIztxi'Vifa.ct-u.roi'ai of— 

E"\rer37" T7"a,3:iet3r of ^"O-loloer ^rirzLtiriLg^ StasrrrL^s, 



r i\\^ I ^KICO. I 17 Dearborn St. 22 Vesey St. 

Blu. 1. Xlttle "Oem^-Seir-Iuker, 

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With two or more lines 

WitU aati-B only 

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Witb autograph 

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No. a "Little ttem" Self-Inker. 

No. 4 "Gem" Meir-loker. 

With iilftlndle 

With liio and type ilat-fl 

Willi hand dnteg 


^^!!!^^ (g^-^....^^ 




Le530ij iij FaijEy Wpitirjg, 

In the lirst place, I might state that in juslire 
the editor of the Penman's A itT (Iazette, I have 
ihsclaim any credit that may hedue to Ih'e iiecnli 
arranBementof the coiies in 
the accompanying: plate 
Such a round-ahout ai range- 
nieiit could scarcely have 
oiiginated in the brains of 
a straight prohibitionist, al- 
though the editor of the U,\. 
zKTTK claims to be one. I 
am, however, responsible for 
tlie ananc/mmit of the lines 
lorraing each individual 
combination or exercise iu 
the accompanying copies; 
but again 1 disclaim any re- 
sponsibilily as regards the 
f/ualilj/ of line in these en- 
graved copies. These copies 
were reproduced by the reg- 
ular p'lotu-engraving pro- 
cess—a photo-chemical pro- 
cess. This method of en- 
Braving gives an exact re- 
production of the original as 
farasy^jj'm is concerned, but 
oh, how the delicate hair 
lines of line script lines aie 
murdered ! I»hoto - engrav- 
ing is admirably adapted for 
reproducing Jirother G. W. 
lirown's " business writing," 
but for a full-tledged pro- 
fessional penman to see his 
maiden efforts at fine, fancy, 
liair-line writing reproduced 
witii hairlinesnearlyaquar- 
ter of an inch in diameter, is, 
to say the least, discourag- 
ing. Some of our "leading" 
penmen, however.studiously 
avoid discouragements of 
this kind, and "modestly" 
peep out to a bewildered 
public directly or Indirectly 
through the diamond point 
of a steel engraver's burin. 
But then how is a fellow to 
acquire or retain a reputa- 
tion of being the " linest pen- 
man in the world" if he 
slashes off Ids line penman- 
ship by the yard and cou- 

sigos it to the mercy ( ■■) of the photo-engraver and 
the merciful printer, ad injinitumi 

What is said in the preceding has reference to 
script or writing. Engrossing, as a rule, does not 
sulfer by photo-engraving, but usually is rendered 
nuer in effect by being reduced and engraved, that 

is, if the original be prepaitd for engraving. 

lint lo the lesson. The originals of accompanying 
copies were written with the ordinary rapid, dashing, 
writing movement, and nearly twice the size of en- 
gravings. The capitals were made with the whole 
arm movement — the arm being raised while form- 
ingthe letters, 'i'lie small letters were written with 

tals only three-fourths of a ruled space, but this'is 
fancy r>r orniimental writing, in which capitals are 
not always satisfied to remain in so small a space. 
But there is danger of too much spread eagle affair 
(iMen in fancy writing. 

In all your work be syatematie. In fancy writing, 
you have more or less license ,is to form' 
and style, but any form or 
style that is not cliaracter- 
ized by a certain, «y.y(e/rt in its 
general make-up, is not 

He energetic in your prac- 
tice. Be persevering. IJh 
patient. He in earnest. A 
faldaral, liddlededee way of 
doing things don't count. 

>, Ind , May 

1 R.i 

the muscular movement— which is not a slow move- 
ment, • 

A good way to practice these is to fill a whole 
pai/e nf foohmp with each combination, making 
capitals about one and one-half ruled spaces high. 
For business writing I would advise making capi- 

., Mnj- IG. 'H7. 

FiiiENii V(iOEL:-,rudging 
from some of the items in 
the Gazette, it requires a 
material known as "sand" 
to get up a penman's paper, 
and the editor of the Ga- 
zette has shown that he 
has a vast amount of tliis 
valuable article in his make- 
up: consequently both edi- 
tor and paper immediately 
entered upon a career of use- 
fulness, boldly demonstrat- 
ing tljat they were not go- 
ing to be sat down on by 

Furthermore, the new 
movement has added great- 
ly to the Gazette's promt- 
nence. It might be a gooil 
idea to appoint it guardian 
at the coming B. E. Conven- 
tion; although well aware of 
the fact that our great and 
noble educators are not ad- 
dicted to the cup, but the 
temptations of the city that 
has established its renown, 
merely liecause of its enor- 
mous manufacture of malt 
liquor, might prove fatal, 
hence the precaution. 

In the meantime the (Ja- 
ZETTE might devote its 
spare hours to killing off the 
fellows that claim to be art- 
ists, because they can dash 
off a misrepresentation of 
some poor dumb brute. 

Humorously "i'otirs, 

n. O. .SroLL. 

Ir you want to receive our next number and are 
) subscriber, send 10 cents or you will get left. 

Flourishing and PinE HpI. 


riniirishing is an Art, pleasing to tlie eye and in- 
spi ing to the raintl. It being composed almost en- 
tirely of curves or lines of beauty, in which respect 
It is true to Nature to a dot. it becomes a beautiful 
art; and its study an excellent means for develop- 
ing the beautiful. JJeauty in any form is worthy of 
our highest admiration and .nhould be well culti- 
vaied. It is essential to a uniform growth of our 
highernatures and tends to prevent our becoming 
altogether sordid and soiriless. 

Flourishing too is of much practical utility. 
Notwithstanding tlie snubs and sneers of many, it 
is not only an aid but one of the best that can be de- 
vised in securing a forcible, graceful and elegant 
style of practical penmanship. Tliis point however 
has been discussed so lively that further words here- 
on would seem to be but wasting fragrance on the 
desert air; but that it is a fact, we repeat with all 
the emphasis of a Galileo, when he whispered— £" 
pur si juiiove. 

That Flourishing enhances the beauty of pen- 
work in the manner of embellishing lettering and 
the like, is admitted by all. Ithas had a place in the 
Art Caligraphic for centuries and will have for cen- 
turies to come. 

Previous, however, to extolling our subject fur- 
ther or to the rank of a Fine Art, or even to de- 
nouncing it, would it not he well to look at it from 
all sides and give it a full and unprejudiced view. 
To this end we propose to throw out a few sugges- 
tions on what appears to many to be the weaker 

Uuskin (and who wants better authorilyV) says. 
'■ Fine Art is that In which tlie hand, the head, and 
the heart of man go together; the liead being em- 
ployed as iaferiotto the heart, and the hand as infe- 
rior to the heart and head." First let us note the 
contrast between itand Mechaiti(?al Art, its opposite. 

The hand is made use of in tfolji of these arts; 
but Fine Art must be prodjjced by it in a much 
greater sense than is" mechanigal, since the hand is 
the subtlest of alT ib^fiines and the most artistic 
work can be doneptily by it. 

The head also is employed in both arts as the mo- 
tor to the hand ; Fine Art however calls into use the 
higher powers of the mind, such as the jniagination 
and invention, all of which aie exerted chietly to 
produce pleasure by .their immediate impression on 
the mind. 

Rut the chief point of distinction between these 
arts lies with the heart or the emotions. Whereas 
Mechanical Art or machinery must move evenly, 
Fine Art cannot go evenly; the one must he with- 
out any emotion or feeling and the other full of it. 

Now the question is, does Flourisliing belong to 
the mechanical or machine class or to Fine Art. It 
certainly is worthy of some place among the arts 
and must belong to one class or the other. 

AVe know of no macliine that can flourish other 
than the hand and that this and the head are exten- 
sively employed is plain to the most benighted; but 
that it can differ from machinery by employing any 
emotion is perhaps more obscure to the vision of 
many. Few people seem to know what real feeling 
is by actually experiencing it, or if they do, they sel- 
dom display it. Yet those who aie anything more 
than mere machines must be more or less emotional, 
and the more so, other things being equal, the bet- 
ter the results. This power of feeling or emotion 
may be and certainly is called into Flourishing by 
the masters. It is precisely this that gives the life- 
like representation to any piece of work, and as much 
of it is required to represent life in a llourished de- 
sign as in a drawn or painted one. Try it and see 1 
AVe speak of a picture as being dead; we mean it 
lacks the emotional quality or heart and thus it be- 
comes mechanical and the operator a machine. It 
is this quality which constitutes the telling, living 
line, which gives expression, tone, and produces a 
seeming reality. A single stroke in flourishing can 
be told at a glance as to whether it came from the 
pen of an artist or from a machine. 

Drawing and painting may in a sense be consid- 
ered truer to Nature, as for instance in compactness 
of work and color; and yet if we are looking for a 

perfect representation of Nature — where do we find 
it? Her best likenesses when brought in contrast 
with her own self prove but vague and weak repre- 
sentions at best. 

ACany ways may be devised to produce in effect 
the same thing. Painting may be one, Drawing 
other. Flourishing yet another, each tending toward 
the same result. It matters not so much hmv a 
thing is done as that the object desired be attained. 
In my opinion we find the greatest departure from 
Nature when there is lacking the inspiration of feel- 
ing. A bird though seemingly perfect in form and 
color but lacking the appearance of life, is worse 
thaii one with many imperfect features yet full of 

There are many "machines" at every kind of 
work and plenty of them at Flourishing. Should \ 
give as much thought to the work of our amate 
painters as we do to our amateurs in Flourishing, \ 
should see little to recognize as Fine Art and ranch 
that is degrading to it. Hut this does not in the least 
argue that paintingin and of itself is not a Fine Art. 
The fact that a bird is painted makes the bird no 
more a subject of Fine Art than if it were flour- 
ished ; or vice versa— a tlout ished bird may be no less 
a subject of Fine Art than a drawn or painted 
The working of the emotional quality may be just 
as great in one case as in the otlier. 

We do not pretend that all make Fine Art of 
flourishing, for as there are many daubers among 
our painters, so there are many scrawlers among 
our rtourishers; yet is it not true that if studied and 
practiced as other arts, it might occupy a much high 
er place therein than ever heretofore. And does it 
not call forth the imagination and the higher emo 
tional faculties of the mind to a sutlieient degree as 
to admit of its being classified with the Fine Art-* 

(JuiNCy, III., May 0th, 1887. 

"V\ew to the Line, Let the Ghips Fall 
FJow tLhey Will." 

1 l)y " mneciilnr. boga- 
, iudcGd, wo might call 

Qtiliip thut yjd don't uodciBtitiid, bruod 
" iiliilosopliical bugaboo," aud fall back on your own judgment uud 
gowlecnee.— Isaiah LXVl chap, xxcl verse. 

In ibc spring time, in tlie month of May, these cnrneet wc 
fell from Ihc lips of TAra. Partlngtoo'e Bon . They wUl long be 
merabc-red for their tender pnthoB, for their cODsidcratc 
ti DUB and breadth of thought, togetbor with an carueet appeal 
that which but few possess, vi/; proper jtidgmeut and good sins 
This test should be heeded, it should be nurtured, it should bo 
committed, it should be repeated, it should not be passed by light- 
ly, it should be wei'jhcd in the balance, etc. 

One ol the greatest weakneBses of the profession to-day is the 
inabiliiy of ng members to discuss the various phascB of question- 
able points with calm, cool deliberation. Bickerings that have 
etiy nothings, are bred of shallownces that is sim- 

ply QbOll 

Not 11 


Bniteeimal iitClenoss and as 
the dignity becoming a profession like ours, will we ever have 
reasjn lo boast of anything beyond Ihe most oidlnary. 

The rule has been that each one has had his Uttle eay; spoken 
his little piece; sang hia little lay and retired. If anyone can tell 
me what Eood is to come from such a course of procedure beyond a 
very narrow limit, I will be resigned. 

DiBcnssiou has been the exception, aud without it there can 
como but little cood. Cool, calm discussion is what wo need, 
what we should have, what we intend to give, and what will be con- 
sidered under this caption. 

No injustice need be doue; no one need be made the weaker for 
it; no laws of propriety will bo trampled in the dust; no objec- 
tiimalile peraonalitlee to be tolerated. With these us leading prin- 
ciples, nothing but good can come where only good is intonded. 

There is no hesitancy in discussing other things and why pen- 
mniisbip lu all its bearinga should be the exception is to me un- 
(lueslionable. ilcre statements shorn of all explanations and cast 
to the four winds will not bring about harmony of action. If pros- 
perity Is ours, irnuauimity of spirit is to be desired, if progress is 
at all available, they must he sought and gained through candid 
discussion wilb a clear perception nf every ingredient composing 
the whole. It is not enough to bollevo the words of the test: 
" DatCt allow yourte^ to lieeome confused lnj "muscular bugaboo 
itUcutslom." The admoolUou Is unnecessary and nncallcd for. 

Who is being confused by said discussions? Thus far they 
have been so one-sided that my greatest fear was that they were 
swallowed whole or passed by unnoticed. I have attempted only 
one side, who has volunteerift for the other, I have given my rea- 
sons and attempted to substantiate my claim. Nothing has come 
from the other side but bear slatements, repeated over and over 
withont even an attempt at argument, without tbo slightest evi- 
dence and without any reaeouable couclnsionB. 

I named It " Muscular Bugaboo,'" he<M\iec I thought then, (and 

think f^o now) that the nnTiic " mutailar," as applied (o the prhi 
ciple movement omployod in executing practical writing, con 
veyed no legltlmaie meaning and reprcnentcd an intangible noih 
Ingnossfor which thore could he no object save pure, profosslonal 

in be. 

•' There it nothing mij*ttriou» about learning to write." Thcri" 
may not he anrthing mysterious about the matter; hut there is 
something (indefinable to some) which provenis mnuy of our 
icachcrsof to-doy from writing as well as they vhonld. Some of 
the copies that are appearing in our journals from time to time arc 
in no wise fit for imitation, and the student who W unaware of the 
errors, will do himself an incalculable injury who attempts to ro- 
produce tbem. These copies contain inaccunctes which the " mus- 
cular morem«nt " will breed for centuries to come. Tbo tlTect has 
its cause and such an effect to me has a cause wholly do moral 1 2 In-.;. 

I see no reason for lauding the praises of anything which does 
not meet the approval of good taste. I am at a loss to know why 
any one claiming authority can proclaim a thing goinl when 
the product of the thing is bad. Tlie tree is known hy its fruit, a 
movement by Us results. Imporfoct results come fnim imperfect 
movement; impcrfuct movement comes from imperfect machinery 
i>r ut least the wrong adjustment of the machinery. Wrliingwlth 
any single set of muscles is wrong, because it produces poor re- 
sults. Writing with the muscular movement, is the using of but 
one Met of musclet. If anyone claims more let him speak now or 
forever after hold his peace. 

If be admits of two, he must be able to exemplify their har- 

ead an article yon dun't 

simply 'pkitosophieul bugaboo'' aud fal 

Igment and good a 

Mrs. Partington's! 

art things, but fur the life of me I ci 
should be included. The fact that a 
not understand all that has been written o 
ofuenkiieHsoritfteiJatt qf the wHIer {^\ e 
(who is mentally Incapacitated lo proper com| 
vised to fall back on h\a own Judgment and good 

To mo Ibis is imposeible, bicause where judgment and gnocQ 

has been written. As 10 "ph 
I have not read or seen anything, Suftlce 
" Philosophy of Motioi 

that he who does not underataud It and follow its priuciplet 
able to execute with that skill becoming a professional perm 

Let the results be the test, and if the advocutee c 
movement" produce nothing better than what la oppL-drm.- rr.m 
lime to time In our journals, let U die, because better r'xuH.. iw. 
practicable at os high a rate of speed with THE (OMUINICI 
MOVKM&NT which is clearly demoustrablc aud so well deiluei 
that he who runs may read. 

Penmen Wanting Bugines? Bhould 
Supplant tl|E Gopy Book. 

There is no (jucstion in my mind but thut Aitli proper agilittlon 
there might be ten writing teachers niaking a good living where 
thei-eisone to-day. There was a time when the writing master 
was welcomed wherever be wished to teach, and good writing wbs 
'hen believed to be within the reach of all who faithfully followed 
his Instructions. But since the copy book, with its art copies far 
beyond even the ability ofthe average penman to successlully im- 
itate have supplanlcd ihe writing teacher, it is no wonder that the 
youth <4f our land, finding it impossible to reproduce artists' mod- 
els, grow discouraged, and as a result the miserable scrawly writ- 
ing which is fastened upon each high school graduate is the direct 
product and fruit of the ineffective substitute for the writing teach- 
er—the copy book. As the public schools of our land, through the 
use of copy books, have iifiY^r produced a superior penman aud as 
their graduates arc compelled logo to penmen to breakup their un- 
natural writing and bail habits, then the effect of the copy book 
is to universally prevent the formation of that elegant, practical, 

able writing teachsr. Through the employment of superior writ- 
ing teachere busiucss colleges have become lo bo the universally re- 
garded headquarters for the acquirement ofllnent, supeilor, practi- 
cal penmanship. In the public schools with copy books years are 
spent upon writing and the result is failure, while a few montlia 
spent In a business college under real teaching and the result Issue 
cess. Business colleges, then, are the hospitals where the dlsenaod 
copy book scrawling is made to give way to easy, elegant penman- 
ship. With copy books to prevent good writing it is no wonder that 
through good penmen business colleges hove a monopoly in mok- 
ing good writers. The service of copy books to business colleges 
Is about the same as the service of the green fruit dealer to the 
doctor and undertaker. The doctor Ibtlvea on the errors which 
produce disease. The business college thrives upon curing the 
diseased writing produced by copy books. I am satlsQed Ihat it 
mid he better for mankind if doctors were to train people how w 
aid error and disease, Instead of allowing the Ignorance to exiat 
'ough which they prollt. I also think it would be better for n 
Timnnity if the money spent for copy books were put into Iho 
iploymcntora live writing teacher who could so train teachers 
and pupils hy example and precept thot tbey would not fall Inlo 
rrora common with the copybook, but develop into easy, 
practical, good wiiiers, according lo the plans pursued hy good 
penmen In bnsluesa colleges. The tongueless copy book can 
make no argument to offset the vast amount of evidence which con 
be produced against it. When a penman convinces a school board 
ho dead, fruitless copy hook should give way to the live 
teacher of writing, then an opening is secured wherein a live pen- 
can work for his own and a pnbllc bencllt. 

A.U. IIlNllAX. 


Words containing io and oi 
position. Words containining 
third position. 

IVhen i or oi ia the first sound in a word, the char- 
acters are prefixed. It is not necessary to write tlie 
character for ow, as the position tells what the word is. 

IViite in long hand the words in plate, then put 
the following into shorthand, writing the words with 
i and oi in first positiou, and those with ow in the 

I; Til, bill, dire, nil. eyes, vie, thy, thigh, my. nigh, 
liite, dyke, type, cnide. guide, giiile, five, rhyme, 
tiny, zion, shyer. China. 

Oi : Toy, boy, oil, coy, toil, boil, enjoy, annoy, noisy 
■■"VrtKe, envoy. 

I lie invested Si.oO, and uU the worli he ever did 
I was to pocket one half of the proceeds of aSlO job 
written in the firat of work that Ciime to us through Bryant's CoUegi 
are written in the and which we did. We knew not what he was. and 
thought him wronged by others; but alas, we sa\ 
our mistake, and are more grateful every day that w 
are rid of tliat Chri.slhm (jentlemanf 

The depravity of his nature is only second to hi 
thirst for notoriety. Fame he has none, and tieve 
will achieve. Of his ability we need only say that 
he may be able to write a good band, but beyond that 


?3tonl3 rouiainiiijj giohtltoiijgs. 



^^ J 

he can do nothing worthy of mention. If 'he couUl, 
he would have shown it while with us. What .. ^ 
saw him do in the artistic line would be a disgrace 
to a pupil of a penman of any note. W**re 

an artist, he would not address wrappers for 

a month. His honesty (?) may best be tested when 
we say lie referred with pride to the fact that he 
was aware that the .State of Illinois allowed every 
man S.iOO. and that he took advantage of 
the law when in the baker business. Of his 
ability as a journa'ist, we can say that he 
told us at the outset that we would h; 
edit the CI.vzette. as he could not, n 
we announced it jn our circular. A\'e fail to 
see where grammatical errors would ha 
lieen avoided if we had that brainless idiot 
our sanctum. 

We are glad to be well rid of him. II 
disreputable name came near dragging ou 
in the mire, but we saved it before it was too 
late, and now he tries to make others belit 
lie was the man, and we were the rogi 
Good bye. Bennett; vou had better reti 
saw wood and say nothing. You have made 
your lastsplurge, and from now on itisdown, 
down and out. 

BixLEii's little book contains no flourished 
birds and beasts, but the ideas of the author 
"- teaching and practicing penmanship are 

excellent. It should meet with .' 


r V= 

\a - 

-. T 1 

^^ ^. 


k y \ 



liiE Chicago Times, of Saturday, 5[ay 21 
1887, in an article speal<ing of llie press of 
Cliicago and the prominence of tlie city as a 
centre of journalism, says the following of 
the Gazette: "The Penman's Aiit Ga- 
zette is one of the leading educational and 
home journals in the U. .s. H. F, Vogel the 
edilor and publisher, is one of the finest pen 
artists in the country. The paper contains 
fine Illustrations, and is just the thine for 
home practice. Every reader of the Times 
should send for a sample copy." 


"I^et every village and hamlet have its 
organ of prohibition and rapid writing, and 
we that are older will softly pass the hat 
&xovii\i"—gaskelVs Magazine. 
ONE more. 

"Jlr. Vogel's promised penman's ^.., 

has made its appearance. So many penma 

■ * ■■ and gone, that the appear- 

W. W. Ber^ijEtt- 

The brief lesson of Mrs. Culeson, on account of ill 
ness, has given us a little space which we will devote 
to a reply to an article purporting to come from that 
individual, and published in the 5lay Expmieitt: 

For the benefit of those who have never met that 
creature we will say, we are ready to stake our head 
that the article was written by ihe same man who 
wrote his biography, which, if truly depicted, would 
be the most disgraceful of any that was ever pub- 

Had we more space, we would show him up to the 
world as he is— as the lowest, depraved and most 
temptible creature in our ranks. Of such an individ- 
ual it is but natural that the very men to whom he 
18 indebted for what little reputation as an artist he 
possesses, should be made a target for abuse. Had 
the Spencers' never recommended him, he would 
have prospered (■?) in obscurity, but their laudiitions 
of his ability at the beginning of his career, made 
what httle reputation he everliad. As to his char, 
acter, we may produce a goodly amount of his own 
letters which he sold to us in a lot of 800 which 
would prove incontestably that he has defrauded 
scores of young men at various times; that he is a 
Iraud IS clearly manifested to any casual observer of 
his tactics, since his connection with us. He in- 
duced us to come here under false promises; he as- 
sociated himself with us because he thought he 
could use us as a tool, but instead of finding a boy he 
found his master. His relations with us were of 
BUCh a kind that we feel but utter contempt for 
'""■., A man that will take advantage of another as 
lie did ; a man who will promise what he knew he 
could never fulfill, is too low in our estimation to be 
considered worthy of a notice, but we will prove ev- 
ery insertion we make. That he is an upright C) 
man no one will doubt if we say, when signing arti- 
cles of partnership he agreed to spend his afternoons 
at ouroflice and work, and invest as much as we did 


D iLi3 aMMctLLauce. no manv ner 

papers h; 
^ ance of another has not caused any eYcTte- 

ment; hut as he has come to stay, we wish 
for him the success the merits of his publication will 
win It is neatly printed, and contains interesting 
reading. '—Penman's Art Journal 

AND STILL another. 

"The Penman's Art Gazette is the name of a 
paper which comes from Chicago. Its editor is H 
1-. Vogel.who is full of energy and ambition. The 
first number of his paper is a credit to him."— IFestem 


,J!ll^>'™'^^'S'^'''rO'y^-s-rTE is now three months 
old. 1 he editor started out with a capital of SOOo Olio 
pur printer gave us 810,000.00 to begin on, just to let 
him be the chosen one to print our paper. Our first 
number brought in 1,9!»,8S»,777 subs. Talk about a 
success. The printer immediately presented us with 
a check forS25iMi00.00. The editor immediately went 
on a pleasure trip to St. Louis. His shirt front 
showed a 850,000.00 diamond, and the team he was 
seen driving about town was the finest money could 
procure; but he was thereon business as well He 
returned 10 Chicago with several hundred thousand 
subs. Then the second number was issued. It 
brought in an additional 2,000,000.777 subs And 
now look at our third— three months in the busi- 
ness. Grayhair are cropping out all over our head 
Our step is getting slow, and there is always a visible 
something that makes us stoop as we walk Some 
think we are about done up. They don't know we 
havea time carrying ourmoneyto the bank. And 
editor of a penman's paper of 11 years stand- 
II spin a yarn like "we have '.'i.OOO subs-" 

Goi;lii;uou5 ve, IijtEiruptEd movEnjEijl' 

In reply to an articlefrom aworUiy corrpsponile 
in the May number of the Penman's Art Gazeti 

I desire tosay that I am an advocate of uninterrupted 
movement, whenever it is possible in the formatfon 
of any written character or word. 

I am not aware of any author or teacher who rec- 
ommends the pen liftiny praMne, but on the con- 
trary, the most prominent of tliera condemn it. 
Many reasons might be as.signed why it should not 
be done, but the following are apparent: 

1. The writing thus produceil exhibits a discon- 
nected and brolien appearance, and, in an artistic 
point of view, it does not compare favorably with 
what been written by a continuous stroke. 

2. Hesitating or stopping, which is the result of 
taking the pen oil Ihe paper, retards a free, regular 
and graceful movement, or in other words it im- 
pedes rapid writing. 

It must be understood, however, in this connec- 
tion, that an uninterrupted movement does not recog- 
nize Ihe absolute stop necessary for a change in di- 
rection, before retracing a line, inhen it is done with 
the pen contimumsh/ on the paper. The reversed 
movement is so nearly the same as that of a short 
turn or curve that it is needless to discriminate 

If we adopt the rule: "Take oil the hand after 
making the introductory lines to a, il, q, q. c, t and 
the tirst part of one style of p," I would 'ask why we 
should make an exception to the beginning stroke of 
o'l If it 13 desirable to lift the pen when starting to 
toriii (, why should the pen not be taken tJoh-e from 
the paper when making d? It will be observed that 
this rule requires the pen to be removed after mak- 
ing the introductory stroke to d, and since the liwt 
part of that letter has the same form as t of course 
the pen is lifted again according to this ru'le('i'). 

One reason assigned for the adoption of this rule 
IS to avoid the formation of loops, when lines should 
be retraced. My experience has been that there is 
much greater disposition for learners to make loops 
at the top of r. as usually formed, and at both top and 
biwe of », than ihose already named. To avoid the 
loops, according to this rule, the pen should be lifted 
after making introductory lines to both these letters, 
and also when making the closing part of s. Shall 
we lift the pen twijt;e when forming s'i 

If necessary I could point out many other excep- 
tions to this rule, or ralher show many other places 
where it should be applieid— if used. ' 

These lines, which have been called "connecting 
lines,' must be .designated hereafter in many in- 
stances as "introductory" or "disconnecting lines," 
conformity with this rule. 

I cannot accept the assertion that c, when made 
according to either of the two standard styles, is not 
capable of being properly or "practically" executed 
without lifting the pen, because I have made it that 
way for about forty-two years, and during about 
thirty years I have taught thousands of others to do 
the same. If I have been wrong all that time, the 
habit has become so fixed that there is now but lit- 
no hope for my reformation, 
le of the test exercises which we had with the 
goose quill pen, when 1 was a boy at school, was to 
write the whole alphabet of small letters, making a 
back stroke underneath from the last part of z to the 
introductory part of a, with a continuous movement- 
then "dot ' i and ; and " cross " I and x. and ask our 
competitors "who can beat that .» " And now, almost 
half a century later, we are virtually told that this 
little feat is " practically " an impossibilily. 

In making capital letters the advisability of pro- 
ducing mimy of tliem in a presentable manner bv 
lilting the pen in their execution is beyond (lucstion " 
Allow me to say in answer to that statement that there 
are at least four important things to be observed 
when teaching the formation of capital letters so 
that they may not be condemned by practical busi- 
ness writers. 

1. Whenever it is possible, a form should be 
adopted which can be executed by one continuous 

style should be selected which 
' word will connect, by ; 

stroke of the pen, 

2. If possible. „ , 
when used to iiitrodi 

continuous stroke, to the letter imme'dia'teiy sue" 
ceeding it. 

3. That style— whether old or new— which mosl 
resembles the form of the Roniiui ui iialir nrinted 
letter, is the one which should bi- ,id,.|,t,M i,„ ,,s,. 

4. Avoid all superlluous lilies or i!iiiirj.sli<\s wiiicli 
may seemingly embellish the letters imt at tlie same 
time render them less legible. 

We are asked to "search the records and report " 
,a„. H..„„ =„ „„.i „„,i .,j,„jt f|,g following IS 'n 

Ihoiity, doubtless wilM i 
lirstsentenceoftheln t 
May number of the I i 
as follows : " An ext r 
of a certain foim wilj i 
1 have carefully looked o\e 
^'"' "on the second page 

I lie l,tl 


by the same writer and I lind 1 1 

c's, d's, t'.s, p's, etc made with a / /,/,/ 

terruptedmocement Lontlaiytjth i ,1 ni ii, lion 

the same page. 

I have had my say and would now, most respect- 
fully, ask these correspondents, to whom I have re 
ferred, who evidently differ, to take their quills and 
settle this matter in dispute as best they can 

-THE -* 

Penman'? HfI GazettE, 


Editor and Proprietor. 


h Two I'rcmliimfl 00 mbIb por Year 

H*. VO(»EL McVicker'B Bnilding, Chicago, III 



In order tn zlvp nnr n-adfre s clianw to club iib, wo will luak 
tiihtt uf 4 tti III . 56 tXDta, with boUt Pretniiiini 

of our Sjiecliil ITui 

r Loi^ti Mf inorinl— wTlt«> 


LoABOn: hy E, E. Isiuicfl.. 
l,i'(t(>pfr«mK.O. Stoll.... 

well, their fragile const itut ions weakened before their 

ps were safely launched in the haven of success. 

]iut perhaps no ofEense was meant; well, of course 
not, come to think of it, he is only asking them to 
3 and stay. " Competition is the life of trade," 
he says. Of course it is; 6ot they ought to know 
what competition did for Caskell'a Compendium. 

The G. A. CJaskell Co. have a proud magazine, but 
they cannot boast of a Penman's paper in the true 
sense of the word; and that magazine is not at such 
a lofty eminence, but tliat it may some day come 
down from its exalted height and be content witli 
reigning in such an humble sphere as is our lot. 

Then that closing sentence; "Let every village 
and hamlet have its organ of prohibition and rapid 
writing, and we that are older will sofily pass tlie 
hat around." Thanks for your kindness, but notJLsi 
now. You have the best of us. llro. S. You are get- 
ting well paid for your services; you can sit down 
and make fun of us just now; but we think there 
is a vast difference between one young man getting 
paid by a rich concern for his labor, and anothei" 
joung man who is laboring day and night an^I in- 
vesting his own capital in a venture in which so 
many have gone down, but who nevertheless sees 
not the abyss, but hopes his honesty of purpose will 
carry him safely over it. AVe are young yet, but 
Rome was not built in a day, and we can't make ou 
idea! paper in a month, so let us await development: 
"S;verydog has his day," is an old saying. Let u 
look at what we have accomplished already. Ou 
platform was the size of a cellar door, the prohib 
tion movement was a weapon wielded against u; 
and behold! the May Magaxine has an article fror 
l!ro. Isaacs, similar to one he had written for u 
but which we had informed him would be crowded 
out of our June number, as we had so much matter 

To think that the Magazine would print an a 
rieoii pinltil'iHon after making fun of prohibit 
l>;i[nM>' Mill ui' iue glad of the fact that they 

^tt-[.|,iTit,Mii ■ I'-otprints at such an early date. ] 

till- g(tn(i work go on. We were never more flattered 
than by being paid such a compliment. 

Meanwhile we will grow older and stronger. 
Boys, we are passing our hat around ourself. not to 
benefit a helpless cause, but to aid and assist ar 
terprise, wherein every stockholder will get a round 
dividend every month in the shape of a tip-top pa- 
per. AVill we ever need their help? AVe hope udt, 

Hew Journals. 

In the April number of Gaskell's Magazine our 
eyes fell upon an article headed "New Journals," and 
belonging to that species of literature, we were nat- 
urally more interested in that article than in any- 
thing else. After concluding it we also naturally 
felt sick, as you might term it; to Ihiuk that liro. S. 
woidd pay us such a tribute on entering upon our jour- 
naUstic career was more than we anticipated. We 
tried to console ourself with the thought that it w;ts 
intended for others as well as for us, but the closing 
sentence was evidence enough to convince ua that 
the appearance of The Tenman's Aut Gazette had 
prompted our humorous friend to point his sword of 
witticism toward our as yet unprotected head. 

We mean that as we were naturally just born, we 
of course were defenseless to a certain extent. 

We acknowledge we are rather young yet to al- 
low us to reach too far ahead or to grapple with the 
lion in his den, but nevertheless we will enjoy pinch- 
ing his tail a little through the bars. 

To think that Uro. !^., who is himself a youngman 
full of ambition, would hold up to ridicule the acts 
and objects of others, whose intentions were surely 
not of such a nature as to call for condemnation, but 
ratlier called for sympathy, foi though they meant 

Look Out Ton Our July HumbEr. 

peDman's piipi}ri', for t 

J ehoi 

L record. Look at Ihie uiimber. Ktiad our nr 

We nrc Iciidiii;; the proffsslou in our (HBCiinBion ou flour- 

Ki'ii'l 'Iv iirlicli' ''V Hint rhninpion of sll nourislicre, Scbo 

iimI iht'ti ii'f 11- ii. 11 v'iir.<[>inion. Read what is euidby Uiu- 

ii.i iiih<'i-< \\'j| ir |. .;.' I . lui liuaet of more seneihlu reading, 

I v\r \Mi :,■. I iiiiK' lu Uiu frout. Send iu soinetlitDj; iii- 

11^; for Inly li \mI:i» ilu- iluest nuuiboron rflcord, Iwijlvc 
HD(1 ti HUiiplemeul \\s.m inched ol a'photo-lithogrniib of u 
ame epeoimon ofpen work. The euitplcnicul is alouu wo 
It will be niHilod to mibscrihcre only, bo get on our 

For thE Sdilicatior^ oT (Lho^E Who ilhink 

nobody I^eads op GaPEg Top 

IhE " GazEttE." 

it 1b for criticism or for our album. Dou't ask iia to s'vc you 
We could, hut we think it ie the most, deroi^atory mctliud i 
the BUT), lo toll youn;; people or uphold them iu the bellvf 
ihelr work iB perfect if it id not. Cureleealy wilUeo letter* wi 

be commcuted upon ub " Iht- lloeet," 
blurntd and blolti-d, which would 
clean Bhcct. Such u lot ol elobhy v 
Hatch, Rockland, Me,, nothing else 

be crudltablo if done o 
rk, pencil marked by £ 
iudicnlc forwhal purpo 

3 will c 

uylliiugbui tbo waste biieke*.. 

Mei»r8. Perkins and Herpul sond the beet written bu( 
er, with come of the always welcome canh, aud eay: "At 
nt rate of iuiprovomenltbe P. A. Gazbttk will soon be 
loel Pcnmau'a paper in the country." 

H. D.GoBhcrt, Claypool, lud., a well wrii ton letter. 

J, C. Manllck. York, Nob., anbs. and loiter, 

G. Bixler, Woocter, Ohio, whose adv. appi-araelBewherc 
ng his enbe. for the <'xcelleut Qazettb, eayti we are stt 
old and in the right direction. 

C. P. Zaner, ('o)umbuB, Ohio, days: " I uni pleased lo 
landing flrmly by ihc hulm of right. You will win fiuccei 

nelly, old boy. Yonr gome of flonrlahing will itlnnu- thi' paKCSof 
the Gazrttb nost month. 

N. S. Bcardelcy, St. Pant, Hinn.. saya mcmorlnl and paper ftre 

th good, and will Bund some of hia beot for the Gakktti. 

A. U. Hiunian, Worcester, Maaa., snya: If wo can send out 

r paper regularly for a fuw mouth*, 5nd if we urgo the boys to 

bscrlbe, wo might win. They don't need much ufu'Inc, Rro. 

Iliuman, but eome of the Ttgiitarn arc not yet in rank and fl'v, but 

when Ihey got to know na we hopo tho aixty cents will not b« too 

much for thorn. Wc have won the hnrduat battle already by belnic 

able to promise aometbing grunt rk>rJiily. 

C. H. Pilrco anys: '-You enrcly have outdone yonraolf. Thi» 
Gaxbttk 1h n marvvl of beauty. Comjmrc it with tho Hccond nnm- 
borof any paper yet issued, and it will prove a gem. You are do- 
ing nobly." 

Fielding Schoflcld, in hl^ mFWterly style, enys the Gauktti 
mecini to be in a bonltby condition, aud because of Us wide-awake, 
spirited tone, bids fair to become n "alandnrd ailicle." 

W. J. Kineley, Shenandoah, Iowa, acuda one of 

tho flnest wflt. 

n letter, with his auhs. ; also a tine fljurlah, mnr 

cda "swan." 

M. L. Hickok, Bast SomervlUc. Mass., says he 

can't do wlThut 

c Gakrttb. Ha also scnde some work for our sc 

ap book. 

Mr. B. C. Wood, of Wood A VanPatlona, B. C. 

irl8 s.i)mo good exorclsea and capitals. 

K, M, Chartlcr, formerly ol Duvenport, Iowa, 

Davenport, la., 
8 now ni Little 

: and a long llet 'I 


Gity pEP^onalg. 

liyanfs Business College is the beet tusiitution iu ihe 

U' luUu-in iryciu iutend to go to ii good dchool. 

iiiiiMi>~ I- K'Niiug up from school dntiea and is devollng 

I. I. M- . ill:, iin us now and thou, nnd will favor our col- 

conducting it under the name of tht- Chicago Acadeuiv of t'i> 
ship and BusiuesB Training School. Socccsa lo )6u. Yi 

«upi}oeud to bo written by t 
published in a little sheet w 
iiition at Ihe expense of n?* 
>f aecalawHsuud byiioir. it- 

Irii: agniust 
a hraiulees 
If. win got 

Gpowded Out 

The phenomenal 
to the JnimediHte appreciation of a paper 
published in tlie interests of our enti 
Young and old crowded in on us with contributions, 
and what is most essential— the cash, 
to be compelled to crowd out so much; but our 
friends will agree with us that it is not a fault of 
ours. We will have more room next month. Isaacs' 
prohibition article is crowded out, and a letter from 
a patriotic Irishman, objecting to Bridget' 
ular. a tetter from .Showalter, and a notice by Ilin- 
man of a simon pure penman's convention, to be 
called somewhere in Ohio sometime in July. Send 
your address to H 
Worcester, Mass.. if you want 
further information; also, ar- 
ticles in regard to the \i. E. 
Convention at Milwaukee, let- 
ters from Dominic, Domini and 
Itridget. and our views on the 
copy book system. We will 
have to spread our pages next 
month. Our exchange list also 

cut for business purposes, executed in imitation of 
wood-cut work. That one of the boys {no profes- 
sional) who will send us the best pen and ink copy, 
e a (iem Self Inking Itubber Stamp. Try, 
If you don't know how it is done, try any- 

iCvery one sending in twenty subs, will receive a 

. 4 (Jem Self Inking Rubber Stamp, as adv. In our 

[, at the regular club rates at that. Do you 

think we car 


We have received so much 
more encouragement in the 
shape of postal notes, green- 
backs, etc., that we cannot but 
express our gratitude for that 
kind of encouragement. It is 
just the thing we want. The 
lirst number made us confident 
ut" success. The second makes 
us still more confident Me 
would not urge you boys to send 
in some of the greatest evil of 
mankind, but we nuist have it 
The " hustler," the familiar 
iiHiiie of the man that collects 
the printer's bill, gets aiound 
before the ink is dry on the pa- 
per. When, he came around last 
month for a piece of paper, as 
he terms it, we knew that he 
wanted that familiar check, but 
we had him. A piece of papei ? 
Why certainly. We will pay 
you with paper containing birds 
—geese iis he called it— eveiy- 
thing, anything. The boys 
help us along on that we said 
Well, we picked out the very 
best and offered to take our le- 
ceipted bill in exchange, but he 
grinned like only a hungry 
printer can grin. Oli no ; that s 
nut the stuff. We argued, 
pleaded, coaxed and begged, 
him to take some of them off 
our hands. AVe tried to con- 
vince him that there was 100 
times the paper and a bundled 
times more artistic merit m 
that pile than in a single check, 
but he kept on grinning, heart- 
less, soulless, mercenary devil, 
nothing would satisfy him but 
a check. Now we take delight 
in giving him a check once a 
month, if the boys will enable 
us to go to the bank and make i 
<leposit every day; so keep on 
with the good work, send us piles of postal notes, 
and we will excuse you from sending more than one 
or two nourishes. We will not need anybody to pass 
the hat around, but we will do it for somebody else 
by and by. Xow we are doing it for our own bene- 
fit, so don't be mercenary, but help us improve by 
sending us as many cash subscribers as is in your 
power, and we will be grateful for it. 

I reason ^^hy 
innocence, i 
to enlighten 

Xow, BUYS, don't ask us to be mean. We see r 

we should kill off the boys who, in their 
ululgeinsiich foolish fancies! We want 
theiu, nothing more. We were one of 
hem at one time, and we feel for them, but don't 
vant to hurt any of them. No, no. Weare not mean 
inough for that.— .C'ri. Comment on ."itoU's Lttter. 

Don't be afraid of being humbugged by ! 
scribing for our paper. Our next number alone 
be worth GO cents. 

._ _ . ri^ 

Vi fc. ha\ e received many requests for copies of our 
first number, but have none on hand. Any who re- 
ceived it and don't care for it will receive our July 
number and supplement free by returning them to 
our olHce. 

The penmen of America will meet in a body to 
organize a free independent penman's association, at 
Erie. Pa., June 0, 1887. We are not able to say more, 
but go there if you want to enjoy yourself. 

LE3?on? in Flourishing. 



NO. 1. 

[By Telephone] 

"Hello! Vogel.isthatyou? All right. I wJH furnish the 
readers of the Gazettk some HouriBliPS while I am trying to 
" fiourlBh" way down here in Dixie. Wish you liked this part 
of our vocation, but as long as you encourage it by giving a 
•corner' of your valuable paper to the random daslies of the 
wild bejistg and birds, and have placed my name at the bead of 
this department, 1 shall spare no pains (not the pains evoked 
by green beans and cucumbers) to make the young aspirants 
happy in the cause of beautifying their abodes with all sorts of 
unarmed creatures. 

"Yes. I'll try to get something new— say! how will a full 
grown, unblemished alligator, flourished true to nature, suit 
you? All right, as I go down the t|uiet Cumberland to uur an- 
nual Sunday School picnic, in about three weeks, I w 
young negro terronzer. and as soon as he is in pmper 
a life-size flourish of hisallieatorship will be telephoned lo the 
Gazette for the nourishment of its host of young tlourishers. 

" Don't veil so! I can't hear a word you say— now 1 get it 
—but wait till 1 call the oflice boy to come and fan me— now. 
I'm ready. Certainly, flourishing is of cash value to the gen- 
eral teacher of Tenmanship. To the penman who is employed 
in the Itusiness College, flourishing is not in demand. But let . 
the young man who can, with a few tearless antics of hip inky \ 
nibs, daah off a true skeleton of some great and familiar ani- > 
mal (stag.for instance) and he will win favor and pupils.while the 

more modest gentleman with his plain business hand will have ample time to wonder wherein lies the cause of his defeat. Some of the largest, best and most 
successful colleges— Business Colleges— attribute their largest attendance to flourishing used in advertising. No, I don't advocate that flourishing should be 
even permitted in the liusiness department, but that it should have its place among those who are anxious to do a little more than write a fair hand, and to these 
encouragement should be proITered. 

" Say— do you understand ? Well— yea— I'm a little'warm, but have laid ofE my cuffs and collar, and my shirt sleeves have ascended the muscular highway to 
my massive shoulders, and now if you can hold the ear trumpet any longer, 1 will proceed to lill your fertile brain bed with nourishment to be dished out in 
monthly allowances to your young readei^s. with the never-dying hope of the author that, by some of his ponderous maneuvres. sorne noble youth may be inspired 
to ascend the ladder of ;lame, flourished by his own skillful endeavors. 

"I'm gladyou'rnot tired. Now, listen. Tell the pupils to get some unruled cap paper, a straight holder, & few steel— what! no, I did not say for you to steal 
them— I said to get some s-t-e-e-1-pens— Spencer i an No. 1 or 24, or (Ullott's No. cm, or Crandle's Favorite, some good black ink, a large bundle of energy, and all 
will be in readiness to begin the first lesson." 

I'osiTioN.— Hitch up to the table, but don't rest your body against it. Face the table as vou would on Thanksgiving day. about the last half minute before 
proceeding to get yourself around a large portion of the chosen emblem for that occasion. Will you llourish on the copies of this lesson with as much energy aa 
you would' perform at tlie above named entertainment? All right, then, we will have telling results. Now that I have your promise, I refer you to this Hist. 

Observe the position of each finger as it performs it special duty— even the little one is to have an important part— slide on the paper and keep out of wet ink. 
The thumb and second linger holds the pen. while the first finger goes along to steady the holder in diflicult paths, over the sides and peaks of monstrous ani- 
mals. Hold and adjust thejpaper with the left hand. 

Certainly you must use the wholearm movement in flourishing. Draw 
two pencil lines to govern the size of your strokes, as shown by the doited 
lines in copy. Do you behold the arrow V Well, the Hint of that arrow is 
charged with deadly meaning, and if you do not start as it indicates, sad 
will be your outcome. After a few trials you will see that the paper must 
be adjusted so that the shaded strokes may be made in tlie direction the pen 
points, or the edges will be rough. The curves all run in the same direc- 

To make the curves in this copy, change the position of paper so 
that each stroke may he made directly from your bread receiver. After 
making 3,(j7l strokes of each copy given above, with the most careful 
practice, you may rest your arm three-fourths of a minute, after which 
with as much e;ise of movement as you can display, combine the bevy 
of curves used in copies 1 and 2 and you will have something like this 

It will be a great favor to your little finger if you will make the up- 
per half of this copy first, as you can then make the lower half without 
disfiguring the beauty of both finger and work. If you wish to see 
bow it would look, make a few heavy shades, then with a bold sweep 
of the hand float your little finger through the ink, and you will have the 
effect. Get your spacing and shading regular. 

The ovals served on this plate will require an extra amount of practice 
seasoning before you can digest all the turns and crossings so they will be 
liealthful and vigorous enough to feed the massive frame of a well matured ^ 
lion or elephant. 

The bold diishes in this Jar are intended for use in the muscular 
development of horses and other beasts of burden. Stop in the center 
when you need ink. Heaviest part of shad is at top. See the way lines 
cross each other. 

What! Is thatsoV We'll break her heartsure, and that electric illu- 
minator of hers will turn gray in less than two moons— better not tell i 
herV All right. 

Good bye! What y Yes, that's all forthistime. Cood bye. Ringoff! 

Brotiieu Ciundle, you made it warm for us at the Telephonograph, (whew! but we did sweat!) and one exercise was crowded out of this issue. You 
certainly tried hard to give the boys a good lesson, and we hope they will appreciate it— ta ta. Make the next short and sweet or you will make our hair stand up i 
straight in the attempt to give our readers a little of everything. 


nfc <r«nrhlelilyorMr. J. P. Wilaou's PmiinauKliii 
riii|,-tbe twoyoare be has t«u»bt In my m:h»o\. h 
<va a patient, conaclcDtoiia and very hucil-h^m 

Valpabairo, Ind., Aug. 2*. ISM 
I, P Wilson, of Cbicago, in not only a dret ciae 
icnman, bnl evidently a enpcrior and saccc^efi: 

Artist Penman and Edii 

hclni! tbt> lieet Fen Arllet iu the West. 

^r- We have In connection with oar scho . 
panmout forflllingollorderB for Pen Work. 

Till- will iprtlfv that I am wpU ocquaintfld with Prof. J. P. Wi 
Pupils »tll itriil him gentlemanly, and ever ready to advance tl 

, and take pleasure in i 

Arc YoQ MatlHfled With Yonr Pr«(*eiif PomHIo 

rcntii.gimrdiaDsncdiill pcreonsiuteivated in BUSINESS EDUCATION, arc rcnueaCrid t< 










wletljjo of Iiie ability and m 

r peninanehip. He ie an excellent teacher, enthnsiastic 


li will poBlllvely POCQre foryoii lictler payine employment. 

J. p. WILSON, Principal. 

'The Western Penman" 


iDevokd • gxelasively • to 

It Ie a pu]>cr that cannot Tail to please any per- 
son, old or yoang. Interetted in any way in ony 
branch of Pfinmaiiehip. 

Ainouc other thintca, it contains Icb* one iu miis- 
cnlnr movement writing Uy the editor and various 
prominent membcre or the profession. 

The most intereslinf;, practical and compre- 
hensive course of Lcsconfl in Pen Drawing that 
have over been published arc now being given 
through its cotnmuB by Prof. A. C. Webb, whoue 
origiual and bennllful pen-drawings have at- 
tructod much ailentiou of late. 

A course of Pen Lettering Is jilso being given in 
ilficolunins by Prof. C.N. Crandle, formerly ed- 
itor of the " Penman and ArtlPt." 

PiiU-page illustratiouB of Pen Drawing are a 
lending feature. The originalB of some of Iheae 
drawings have been gotten up at great expense 

The paper has many other interesting features 
which are appreciated by its subscribers. 

Sample copy ofthiB beautiful paper will be aenl 
to any addreas upon receipt of bIx (ti) cents in 


Goodyear & Palmer, 

Itis now three months old. and it will stand comparison with the oldest and best journals of the kind. Its list of 
contrilnitors is unequalled. At this early date such artists as SchofieUl, Hinman, and those earnest workers, Isaacs 
and Peirce. have had something of interest for our readers. A. J. Young and W. D. Showalter are on our regular list, 
and wp liave promises from many more. 

Xext month we will publish a I4x'^0 inch supplement, a feature which was never introduced in penraan9hi|> litera- 
ture before, and we are only beginning. It will be an elaborate piece of work, and will be highly appreciated by young 
and old. We intend to publish a large supplement every three or four months of some artistic merit and of value to be- 
ginners. AVe are doing all this and furnishing you a paper worth our subscription price alone, and yet we throw in two 
premiums worth $l,all for (JOc a year. Will you not get your friends to subscribe? 


n in full, and 2 

band. Addree 

Wilton, lona 



Besl Sfliool of Pemiianship in Aiiierica. 

Mliorlhttnd, nnder 

UIXl^KK-S Amrrlran 4-ollcee of 


BIXLKn'M Coniili<<rrlaI Drpar 




B Book, coutnininR 54 pages of beaiitifnl Pen Work for SJ. This Book 


I Printed. Evei 

e book, and I will n 

_n_ _b' H ! H I \ I H i _t:^ ,= 

-F»<->««TT=tT .-c; 7a 

^r - o xi! .A. ^r X3 Xj z: , 

Address plainly. 

Price, •!. One Mumitle Coity. 

"A handsomely bound 1 

"A valuable, Instruc 
of good i 

Catalogue and specimens of Beantiflil Pe 

®p&n iDay and Evening. 

Individual *Instruction 

1^"" Lessons by mail a special fea- 
ture. Terms reasonable and satisfac- 
tion guaranteed in every particular. 
Positions secured for pupils as soon as 
competent, three months being (juite 
suflicient for personal instruction at 
the Day School, and six montlis for 
Kvening or Mail Lessons. 

For furthor information addreaa 

A. M. L, 

, Prin,, 

54 McVicher' Theater Building, 



CONDENSED TREATISE-Comprising 120 double pages (10x14) 
on Mercantile Book-keeping and Banking^S 1 .OO. 





s -x* s rr :e: AC I 


''IflV.^l^^. BUSINESS COLLEGE. ".^Ti^ir;"?.. 

A full t'oiirse of Inelniction, Hooks iDcliick-il, Time iiulimiled, 97:>. Pamphlute, .■) ceots. 
CDINICU '■""inn, French or Engli.h convcrnilonol an,l tccbnicnl in.lrncllon in clin« or in 
OrAlllOn, privmc. I,m8on» l.y n.uil. Accurate Tr.n.lntioLe to or tn.m them l.ngnuau., 



Harmon's Pure Rubber Finger 
Shield for Pen Holders and Pencils. 

The best aid to good writing ever 

ON THE HOLDER and eases the fin- 
gers from cramp and fatigue. 

It prevents the fingers from be- 
coming smeared with ink; in fact, 
no holder is complete without it. 

Try this Shield on the oblique 
holder: it works admirably. 

By arrangements with the manu- 
facturer, I am enabled to make you 
the following very liberal offers: 

Money refunded if not satisfac- 
tory. Address, 

J. O. IS.HT.A.r'I*, 

McVicker's Building, Chicago, III. 


S(b2 fearl St., Qlevdand, Ohio. 

SHE largest, most thoroughly equipped, practical and progress- 
ive Business Training School In Ohio. Embracing SEVEN 
separate and distinct Departments or Schools, namely: Business, 
Penmanship. Shorthand and Typewriting, Elocution, Music, Eng- 
lish Literary, and Mechanical and Architectiiral Drawing. The 
rooms occupy 13,500 feet of surface. 350 Students now enrolled. 
School in session day and evening— 52 -weeks in the year. Rates 
the Lowest, Rooms the Finest, and Teachers the Best. More stu- 
dents assisted to good positions than at all other Business Col- 
leges in Northern Ohio combined. Send for Circulars. 



The I Penman's i Art * Gazette. 

Uar rendetti PenmcD's Snppliea at lowest rates. 
On tccitlpt of prict or C. O. D. nt tin; eeniler's op- 
tion, we will mail or scud by expri'se any article 
Id our list, or any not in the list will be ritrnistiid 
nt lowest prices. 
Oblique Holders, 10c. spiccp, 7V:. per dozen, 
r K«voriIe Pens, *)c. \ i^roRS, $1 per gro-P. 

Carde-Flne Bristol— 30c. 

■ 100. (3.5(1 
mpcrlgr article 

I do/.en buttles by 

for tbe mnVi\. 

to fllTyoiir orders promptly. Write for particu- 

fiirnUh yon a SclMnkins Rabbef Stamp, 'with 
nnmc and address, as authorized agent for oitr 
oflice and paper. 

We claim for oor work: Origlnol DeBigns. Good 
Work, Itvasonable I'rires and Prompt Aitentlon. 

N. B.— Satlsfaciiou gnarnnteed i 


This beaiitifa) and liighly-eDtertalning Magazine 
is an outKrowth of the Penman's Gazbttb, one of 
the oldest, brightest and beet known lournals in 


retalus tbe visorous spirit of its 

Tbe Mat 

fealurea which make ii ebine with no mean bril- 
lioDcyin Ihc spheres or litorutiire. It docs noi 
week to clamber up the steeps ol classic art, leav- 
ing penmanship in the foot hills, but cndunvors at 
all times to "boost" this queen of arts np to the 
lop rail where she property belong?. Shorihand 
la amply treated In its colnmns by Prof. W. D. 
Bridge. Frank Beard tells and llluslrates some- 
thing in each isene which is by no means dismal 
or tear-compelling. Bach nnuiber contains a 
frontispiece portrait of some disllnciilshed man, 
wiih short bioi^raphlcal sketch. The editor is not 
as sod as Walt Whitman, bnt tbcre is a vein of 
pathos permeating bis editorials which always 
brings a briny moisture to tbe reader's eye, there- 
by keeping the lachrymal glands in perfect work- 
ing order, and preventiug an accumulation of dust 
on the retinal tissues. 

I4ow. if yon wish to test the candor of tbe stote- 
mento made in ire favor, just inclose Un i-enlg foi 
a sample copy and special discounts to clubs, and 
we will send you a semi globular wad of tbe rich- 
est literary morsel to be found in tbe markets 
Or send one dollar, and he entertained and in- 
formed for one year. 

Address, TH E C. A. GASKELL CO., 
71) Wubash Ave., Chicago, III. 

MriiHon Utit l)ai>rr. A\t 

At last, We Have It! 

J. MANZ & CO., 

217-225 Dearlioin SI., 

OpposiU' Onicc, ('lll4-.\4;0. 



Engraving, and Zinc Etching. 

We make a specialty of Engrav- 
ing Specimens of ^en Work. Write 
for estimates. 

This inHlitntInn is located at Keokuk. Iowa (on 
he ^lesissiDiil). and enioys a very liberal patron 
ente from a distance the 

, Journal and specimen ■ 


Of Testimonial and Memorial Resolutions, pre- 
paring drawinge of every description for I'hoto- 
engraving and Photo-lithography a specially- 

^^Bstlmates and samplea of work furnished 
upon application. 

^"Instniction in Penmanship, individuol or 
to classes. C. I.. RICHETT8. 

Arllstic Peumau and Teacher, 
Central Music Hall, Chicago. 


Specimens of Off-hand Flourish- 
ing sent on receipt of 24 one-cent 


Col. Bus. College. Columbus, Ohio. 


Pens.Taquarcs, Hules, Drafting Inks, Ul- 
loto.Rngravin^^ Inks, rapoM 

Avldera, Plioto.Bngraving Inks, fapow, 
_ Bristol Boanls, Crayons, Math ematlcal In- 
■ slrnmenl^ anil Artists' ilaierials of every 



Journal of the WTiting i 

u of Am 

The .Tournai is now in its eleventh year. It has 
a wider reach than ever before, and Us munlbly 
output is more varied, entertaining, wholesome, 
instructive and Kenerolly valuable. Sevurol now 
features have lately been added. One of thorn is 
the printing each month of the portroit, fac-simllc 
engraving of autograph letter unit liiogTaphIc«l 


lum Is the department of sburthand writlog, in 
charge of Mrs. S. S. Packard. 

The person who buys the Journal for tbis year 
of our Lord, 1887, will get more for bis dollar than 
ever, and that Is saying a good deal. It has, how- 
ever, the consplcnoufl merit of truth, which one 
does not always nnd in newspaper anuonnce- 

If you are a Penman, yon already know the 

be, the (Irst thing you shonld do is, get in the 
Jonnial's list at once. The price Is One Dollar a 
year, with One premium. Ten rnits will buy t 
sample copy. No froe samples on tap. Write tO 

D.T.AMES, Ed. and Prop.. 

SOS Broadway. N. Y. 

BY inclosing a icent stamp to C. A, FAliST 
you will receive by return mall one of his ( 
culars and your name addressed with the Autc 
atic Shading Pen, in the most artistic manner, 

marvL'louB Shaded Backhand Writing and Aitto 
atic Shaded Pen Work. The nsnii'le is worlhl 
manv limes the cost as a specimen for your scrspl 


43U W.VBASll AVE., «'lll<' *<■«.■'••'■ 

Sxtpa Sditioi^. 






iry. it is sickening, still others may procl 
you are, some of tlie boys wlr ~ " 

belter ; 

linted \ 

froiltispinc in this in 
Willllnl l„.rlilllfl> lllir 

who in;iy nut ;ippin\e <> 
of these few lines. A' 
hom for t!ie edificatio 
Flickinger. Spencer. A 
stli;itthey will pn 


cont.'inpt f'> 

to get 
but whatever 
at tlip ;ip]ifar;ince of our 
Ill's (J \/i:r IK. we hope it 
il.TiiahK' ill tin- e>esof those 
■ vii-h a L'oinye after a perusal 
are not blowins our own 
of such renowned men as 
^3 and others. We are fully 
this by with a feeling akin 
1 attempt at personal 
trust Uiatsomeof the 
, jih lis that our claim 
i-ii tiilirely upon wind. 
L-fure the public in the 

_ . . lan. nor is it our inten- 

to publish a biography to be handed down 

from generation to generation ; that we leave 
for some other scribe to record when we have 
gone to the happy liind from which there is no 
return. AVe only wish to illustrate in a meek 
manner what we have done and what may be 
done in this great and glorious country of ours. 
We naturally should bpgin by stating When we 
were born, because it is considered a vital point 
in every man's career to inform his fell 

.. ... '01 that we were ushered into exis- 
tence, at the time when the North and the South 
were preparing vigorously to chew each other's 
ears off, and t^at accounts to a certain extent 
for our pluck in figliting for a good cause every 
IJut we forgot to say where. Well, it was 
1 a log house, as is the birth place of the 
general run of great penmen, nor were we raised 
on a farm; but it was in tliat village across the 
bridge, as the Chicago boys call it, down in old 
St. Louis. But to continue with our sketch. 
We will refrain from boring our readers with 
our exploits as a kid; they were a little different 
from old P. R. Spencer's, because we were raised 
in a city, and the bovs in a city know better 
than to draw birds arid beasts in the sand with 
their dude canes; they know where to get paper 
if they have any inclination in thatlme. But 
we are rather inclined to walk around our stew, as if 
it was too hot for us, but here goes. Well, we re- 
ceived a good common school education in the public 
schools of St. Louis, and we have a feeble reminis- 
cence at this day of a Spencer and Ilinman being 
superintendents of writing during some part of 
that time. We have nothing stamped on our mem- 
ory, however, but that Ilinman used to give the 
teaclirr tnfTv, notliinfj mure. We were not deeply 
inte- ' ■ . ■- -. .... -, . - 

enough of the work of that peer of pen artists, F 
W. H. Wiesehahn, to inspire us to become a penman, 
but again the elder Vogel interfered, and insisted 
that we should learn a trade, and he being a baker 
from tip to toe it was quite natural that lie deemed 
it his duty to inspire within us a love for a calling 
which we inwardly abominated. Like a dutiful son 
we obeyed the summons, and Soon we were installed 
in the mysteries of mixing doughs, etc., whicli we 
had avoided as much as pos'tible in our boyhood 
days, but which was now forced upon us But we 
had a soft snap being the si 
we had many a spaie hour t. 
we'd choose to do Something or i thei in our boy- 
hood d lys webelie\f it w ts thp liistni\ ot Uenjamin 
Franklin, mspnui u^ w tli i 1 \. t i punting, and 
having a little s| ne* is), will h IS w IS ilways as- 
serted even up t > ihis .1 1\ b\ tht. h i i of the house 
was dlw ays a men Rt to ui uutil w b id invest-^d it in 
some enterprise we bought a muuII press, and when 
off duty in the baking-ioom we were punting cards, 
and bye and bve our old love foi penm.inslnp was 


ship at that time, so our readers 

will lllM iiiiit rxrusil.le. 

.Vtiii liui^liiij- tin* course in the public schools 
the latliiM <A the larai'y insisted on giving his son a 
busine.ssediipation.andinspiteof our adverse opinion 
on the subject he marched us into the old Jones 
Commercial College in that city, where, under the 
guidance of our old friend J. (I. Bohmer,we received 
the first intelligent instruction in the beautiful art of 
writing, AVe improved in three months at such a 
rate that we were considered a dandy by all the boys 
as a writer, and that was away back in '75. We 
r diploma as a business accountant in- 
At that time we also saw 

This is a cut of the one furnishing the brains and 
backbone for the (Iazette. "It is taken from life 
—hence is no creation of fancy" if it was created by 
the individual himself, with a pen. For particulars 
read our " extra." 

forgotten in our efforts to run an extra business be- 
sides the one we were intended for. 

Vi'e had a younger brother who was doing the 
clerical work at that time, but was careless in his 
writing to such an extent that when our eyes fell on 
an adv. of Gaskell's in '81, and as we knew a little 
something about penmanshp we concluded to send 
for the compendn>m and become a tutor for the 
younger brother. The compendium arrived and we 
immediately set upon fulfilling our self-imposed 
duties as instructor in penmanship. We would sit 
down and show the younger brother how to get on 
to the movement, and we wrote copies and copies 
and before we were aware of it the old craze broke out 

than ever; the tutor became llie scholar in 

I earnest. The Art Jauniaf was added to our pen- 
manship literai'ii-'. am! brinic long we were devot- 
ing all our spare tiinr tn p.Timanship, nourishing 
birds and beasts. Vlvm m th-' bakiiig-room we were 
at our tricks aa am Ke veil lied by the folks at home. 
Every greased pan was not handed over to be cov- 
ered with its plot of dough, until we had rtourished 
a bird, a capital or a combination on it. We ^ot 
over that spell by and by, and having a natural in- 
clination for pen drawing devoted more time to that. 
We quit printing cards and commenced writing cards, 
but we had a love for the publishing business, and 
when Bro.Ike got outhis"Chirographer"we solemnly 
vowed we'd publish a penman's paper some day. 

At that time we did our first editorial work on the 
South St. Louis Adoei'tiser. but that paper died for 
want of nourishment after the fall and holiday trade 
was over; but that was all that it was published for 
and we had our advertising for nothing and made 
money in the bargain. Early in 1884, as the plana 
for the great exposition building were being made, 
we got an inspiration ; we made a few iiuiuiries 
and in a short time we were hard at work on 
our "Progress of St. Louis." We were going to 
make a reputation and going to make money. 
Again our cash was invested; we had our work 
engraved— spent hundreds of dollars in adver- 
tising it. We received in return lots of praise, 
but very little dust. At first we were discour- 
aged, and by persuasion we went back to man- 
aging the baking-room, as everybody made us 
believe there was no money in penmanship. 
r>ut we kept on swinging the quill in our spare 
liours, doing engrossing and teaching a private 
student here and there. Being cross-eyed we 
felt rather backward about m-«kin" i splurge as 
a teacher, until last spring we weio lortunate 
enough to have our eyes operated upon, and 
that over we for once and all concluded to re- 
sign our old position and make penmanship a go 
or die. Before accepting a position, the secur- 
ing of which was not a source of great trouble 
as we had repeatedly refused good offers, we 
spent a few days with that philosopher, Peirce, 
and then entered on our duties at Altoona, 
where we were, to a certain extent, connected in 
ushering the Exponent into existence, from 
whence we came here by a solicitation of one 
\V. W. Bennett, and here we are to stay. When 
we rolled up our sleeves a year ago to do some- 
thing we meant it; but our Intentions never 
led us to believe that circumstances would lead 
us to the position we now hold. Through our 
untiring efforts we have already built up a good 
engrossing trade, and we are only beginning. 
AVe make it a point to treat everybody fair and 
square. We have confined ourselves strictly to 

business, and we will do our utmost to make the 

Art Gazette a thing of beauty. 

We never had a course under any prominent pen- 
man; what we accomplished was due to stick-to-it- 
iveness ; hard work, boys. We worked the last six 
months twelve to fifteen hours every day; we are 
feeling a little worn now, but we will take a vaca- 
tion for a few weeks and be ready lor a year's work 

Kight here we cannot refrain from expressing our 
gratitude to the unpretentious, yet, in our estima- 
tion, unequalled WIesehahn. of St Louis. It i 

his suggestions and words of - ~ * '*"" 

owe so much. To Aiiie.s' Cm 
Artistic Penmanship we nw. 
a guide for us, and as ail anl 
It is not only valuable bni m 
of work indispensable to an; 

Now. lioys. vnii knoi 
this in a year from now 
haps, cause a falling off 
of the l.uouor so who h;i 
are f 

atrement that we 
'(iiniii'tniniin of Plain and 
v<' a LHi-at <\i-d\ also— it wa.s 
I i.ii an l'iiL,'inssing Artist 
111 accMiint of the variety 
ii> one studying the art. 
s. We would not publish 
by thattime it would, per- 
our subscription list ; out 

., ve already subscribed we 

f for some time, and by the time their sub- 

scriptions expire we will atone for the wrong; and 
of this number we will print only 100.000, which will 
he mailed mostly to old topers whom we expect to 
convert, as it is too hot just now to get lovers of 
penmanship literature to subscribe. Wcdo not wish 
to forpet to call the attention to the fact that we 
differ a little from the average penman's way of in- 
troducing his portrait, inasmuch as the cut repre- 
sents a specimen of our work. If those who know 
IIS will promise to accept it with a little more grace, 
then was our attempt at that very thing some years 
ago, and which a prominent citizen of St. Louis, 
whose opinion was a-sked. consiilereil a valuable ac- 
quisition to thecoUection of celebrities in the Rogues 
Gallery, we are content. Now, bojrs, don't let this 
prevent you from giving us your opinion on our con- 
duct in presenting our pliiz. We don't mind if you 
write, you have too much cheek to live, but we hate 
to see von die. so enclosed find 100 suliscriptions. or 
you have a look that seems to penetrate my pocket- 
book, so here is the ca<h to satisfy your hungry 
soul ■ we can stand all of that and stand even more ; 
have mercy on the father of twenty-seven unborn 
works of pfu art. ami ymi will receive the blessings 
of him wliiim you reward. 

le forms of small letters and numerals, therefore 

can truthfully say we have a standard slyle for 
each. If this is fo. why should we have such a vari- 
ty of forms for many of the capital letters.' 
These multitudinous forms have been brought into 
use principally, by authors and teachers in order to 
establish their peculiar "systems." These various 
'systems" differ chiefly in regard to the forms and 
classiQcations of capital lei ters. New" systerns in- 
troduce new forms and modifications or muttlationH 
of old ones ad ivjlnitum. 

The introduction of certain "prim-ivies" or"e(e- 
ments " in order to secure better classillcation. have, 
to some extent, sacrificed the proper forms of many 
of the capital letters. .... 

The styles of old English Uerman-Text alphabets 
remain the same. The styles of print letters in gen- 
eral use undergo no material change. If a change is 
made it is characteristic of the font as a whole. 
Those who learn the print alphabets of lo-day have 
about the same forms before them that have existed 
for centuries. Whv should it be otherwise in regard 
to written capital letters? In a practical point of 
view is there any more propriety for having a variety 
of forms for the same letters than there would be to 
siiell and pronounce the same word in different ways'':' 

Teachers are obliged to labor with loss of time and 
inconvenience on account of the great variety of cap- 

vations of authors and teachers, thi 
and practical tendency to 

forms. It is more natural for a pupil to learn the 
forms which bear a striking resemblance to the 
print letters. 

The forms which are similar to print letters are 
such as business men prefer and will continue to 
use contrary to all other styles. We should teach 
children what they will be required to practice, aud 
nothing e/.ve. 

Is it possible to secure a more uniform stand- 
ard style of cipital letters for business writing''' 
It is certainly praticable and should be done. 

The following directions are intended to aid In 
the proper selection of standard capital letters: 

1. Choose that form which, if nossilile, can be 
made tiy one continuous stroke of ihe pen. 

2. Choose that form which, if possible, will con- 
nect with one continuous stroke to a small letter 
succeeding it. 

;l. Choose that form— whether old or new style— 
which most resembles a Itoinan or Italic print 
letter. . . , 

All supertluoiis lines or nourishes, which seem- 
ingly embellish letters, should be avoided, because 
they make writing less legible and I 
are obnoxious to business men. 

. that account 

Write Slowly at First- 

In order to acquire a rapid style of 
writing it is necessary to practice 
slowly at first, in order to conform with 
the laws of nature. In Ihese day ot 
progress vou need not think of speed at 
all, it will come ot its own accord. 
Start out with a snail like speed, and 
denounce all writing teachers who 
teach speed from the start as impos- 
tors, liecause thev have the cheek to dif- 
fer from you. Your establi.ihed ideas 
are correct, whether thev are right or 
wrong and ought not to be trifled with 
by those " who have more enthusiasm 
than discretion. Nature proves that 
every thing ought to be done slowly at 
first, and he who teaches speed from 
the beginning violates that which is 
contrary to all the laws of nature. 

TheVery fact that a tree does not spr _ _ ,. ^ ^ „_ .. 

moment is conclusive evidence that we should turji , cuted by N. S. Beardsley, ot St. Paul, Minn 
somersaults slowly at Dr«t 'I'lit-r.- is c":it similarity ' 
between the growth of pi 

Glub? Idp August ar;(i Sarlij 
Part ol SeptErribEP. 

We want to be clubbed next iiiunth. 
and very lively at that, and we will 
offer our paper (without premiums) for 
the month of August oiilij for ?.5 cente 
in clubs of 100, and we will make you ' 
a pen and ink portrait like the one oM" 
our first page, free of charge. The cap 
is alone worth 815, but we will mafcT 
you one, free, and send the paper fo) 
one year to onehundredof yourfriendl 
or students for $2.^). 

Now, mind, after the lilh of Septeni 
her Ihis will not hold good, but if yog 
will send in one hundred names at ! 
cents each, we will mail the Gazett 
for one year, beginning wilh the JtlU 

The above is a photo engraving 

t ™ .i™i™ ovo i number to every subscriber and make you a cut 
or a design exe- j ^.j^ |j|^^ j^ j,,u„g „„rt|, j|,e mo„ey. You 



with a steel pen. 

growing slowlv for manv \t;u-^ uun ii sunns 
right up. and if it don't then, we sliuiild do 
OS the plant does, always do things slowly. 
Another thing, the teachings of all pliil— 
phy prove that 

hoiild leach \ 

ly at lirst. 

.vhn adds 

i tlii 



at be learned shwln 

and all othei 
at first. 

Any boy or girl who will learn to bound a 
state in less than a minute from the begin- 
ning ought to be severely punished, as we 

shouldnotviolatethelawsotnature. Nothing ^_ 

is more foolish than for a foolish boy to have 

the foolish notion " that to learn to run fast 

he should run slowly at first," is a foolish . 
way for a foolish boy to learn to run. It is 
no such thing. It is wise and in accordance 
with the laws of nature— except thunder and 
lightning, and that does not amount to 
much. No. if you desire to be a success as a 
runner, then run slowly at least two years . 
and I'll guarantee that you can beat the ' 

I am not a musician, but philosophy teaches me 
that all the keys of a piano should be tapped or 
pressed slowly at first, notwithstanding the fact that 
some music teachers that have more " enthusiasm 
than discretion." teacli the contrary. Slowly at first 
is llii- b"'st way always. The first time you get into 
■A h.irii.t's nest you should be sure to avoid speed. 
It IS iiuicli better that you should receive a dozen 
inoi e si ings than to lireak the la 
the hornets violate these 1 

money. You ctB 

I'ou make S25 aig 

tiie bargain which 

SIS at the lowest. , 

We don't want evervbody to try. but tliog 

who know a good thing and want to bene^ 

by it. take huld and woi k. 


,- Chandler H. Tierce— 777— extended cipital 
movement exercises. Whewl We could loss 
six months on one piece of engrossing, bulto 
sit down and study out 777 extended iimve- 
ment exercises takes a philosopher like 
I'ierce. We recently examined such a lot of 
exercises, fresh from his pen, which show 
great skill and ingenuity in arragement and 
execution, and the author is deserving of 
praise for his zealous labor. Though it may 
not be advisable to attempt the teaching of 
so many exercises for practical purposes, yet 
on aacount of the variety of exercise tor prac- 
tice for professional penmen, it is of value. 

Back numbers are all out. Subscriptions 
always begin with the current number. We 
make it a point to send out every number of 
our paper. If you want your subscription to 
begin with July, hurry up. 

^..„„ .„a photo engraving of a flourish by 

C. 1'. Zaner, of Columbus, 0„ who also executed the 
design shown on our fifth page. 

ital letters, and because ot the uncertainty as to 
which is the best to recommend for practical use. 
Their teaching is too indefinite in this respect. 

.wsu, nature. Should i ''earners are also greatly hiiidered for^tlie reason 

do not be influenced '"L'";'/.?™!^'"'™!'." S?'^.' 

en come from * 
remarkably fun 

t signed by par 

that we know are never capable of writing any 

thing equal to it. And then thebeautyof the engrav 

WiiEKE do these fin 
AVhere ere we go we 
engraved letter, and 

. ind 

iTtilenrrthe^ioVk^w any better. „KaRhi writ. | Jj;»S^,Jhe^ame ™l^ook, and „ 


that one fails to discover anything of the writ- 
lividuality. Why? Hoys, you don't know it 
by one engraver, and whenever ■ 


very Valuable, but you 
wards — some other time. 

nust acqu 

Btaijiiard Capital LettEr?. 

when receiving instructions from ililli nut li 
They attempt to learn many forms, Imt il" i 
come proficient in any particular one. They 

constant doubt as to which is the best, and .._ „, „„__ 

quently they frequently change from one style to an- know you are filling somebody 

We are frequently asked by learners with Tefer- 
ence to various forms of a particular capital letter, 
" What style do you recommend for use in business 
writing?" ^ , .u . • . 

What suits one person may not be the choice of 
another; however, when we select a fixed slyle we 
should be able to give the very best reasons for its 

'rcachers and authors, generally, use about the 

The use of a variety of styles of capital letters is | boys bel 
annoyance in business circles. Doubt often arises | ship line 

tiiie worif signed by another riickin'.'er or 
HMteer. we Can't help laughing at what is u'elting 

Is', I chestnut. You may throw sand in II .les 

suiiLt^ bo\s, but as Isaacs says: "Who can iviile :in 

I tiiind letter as perfect as those wood engnu iiiKs '.' " 

op humbugging, ye famous penmen, llolati or 

Havens may engrave a fine letter for you. but you 

' dy with disgust when 

they se'e your actual work, and that is why so many 

.n regard to the name of a letter, and in general tl 
great variety of form causes much uncertaintv and 
perplexity to those who are required to read the 
hand-writings ot others, especially when capital let- 
ters are standing alone as the initials of proper 

Originally the capital letters were made in imita- 
tion ol the Human or italic letters, being all of a 
uniform length, and now, notwithstanding the inno- 

everything is humbug 
,^e say stop and practici 
little more and let your work be re 
—not cut by an expert engraver, 
getting too 

ullured as It i 


„.„ » s too utterly too, loo. 'This 

lust year has produced a crop of fifty nearly, llyl 
We don't expect to become a Flickinger for the next 
ten or twenty years, and we think we can write as 
good as those would-be great penmen. It is absurd 
to pose as a great penman, when you should know 
that great penmen are not made by great engra/cers. - 



B BiiUdlng. 


'^ t \o 

Jvcrcisq on ^k aiiit ,?«. 
^ v_9 _D Vd ^ "^ 

AiiT Gazette, 


The circle is an additiooiil sign for _ . _ 
z, and is attached to straight cousonants 
with a motion called involute motion. 
When attached to curves it follows the di- 
rection of the curve. 

When used between two straight 
sonants the circle is written in the short- 
est direct ion— that is, always on the out- 
side of the angle; see examples in lines rj 
and 8. The name of the circle is isa. 
When written between two curves it is 
usually placed on the inside of the first. 
See line 7. 

When between a straight and a curved 
stroke, it is placed inside the curve. See 
examples in lines 6 and !). 

Ci rcles ses, sez. The circle may be mad 
double its usual size to stand fur either of 
mds heard, as the last syllable of 

iwElYe LES3or75 in a Gauntry Writir^g 



Will 'gin 

And ir yr - 

V\\ efv. 

i' Fchool I'd let y« know. 

the words 
\\'hen to t 

, f;i 
the circle a 

tlie first sound 
use the circle. 

But When z is the first sound in a word 
the stroke z must be used as in zeal, as in 

When s 
the circle i; 

When s 
the circle i 

in the 


or z is the last sound i 

;omes between two co 
used as in task, as in 
use stroke s; "When 

rd, use the stroki 

1 word 
line 2. 


vord s 

J the last I 

lant i 

-P -f 

^^ ^ 


and followed by 

the stroke as In line 14. 

When two vowels come between s and 
another consonant, use the stroke s or z. 
M'rile into long hand "exerci&es on s 
ailing the circle iss wht-n it occui*s, 
words containing s and 

ye all fttlr m 
ic people Buy : cai 
hicli Ib a botiadle 
1 have etiidled at 

Bugii^ess GollEgE^. 

Any party wanting a competent and experienced 
teacher or superintendent for a business college 
would do well to address this otlice We are in- 
formed of one who ranks high in the profession, who 
■es to make a permanent engagement. Address 

Also put the following into shorthan 
Combinations with circle m-iss, n-iss 
s-t, iss-p, iss-m. 
r-sez. f-sez, b-sez, d-ses-t. 
Words containing s and z use the 

and ■/ 

and transla 
Then write them i 
hand characters. 

1 position in good short- 

■is3-t, chay-iS3-t, p-lay-iss. 

sage, such, some, i 

Stay, spoke, soup, soap, seal, soul, seen, 

^■(flonls confuiiiing ^ nnH M. 

^ ^ ^ r L" ^ 

\> \. "^^ ^ Q^ (f* 

J- J- J- \_ -\ . 


Use stroke; Zeal, ziou, zealous, zero, 
zeno, Jessie, lazy, hazy, Isaac, see, so, Liz- 

fln SxpEpimEnt. 


ober i 


printed wilh a line colored ink. 
t the opinion of our readers on its appear- 
»'e are publishing an Art Gazette, no I'oHre 
Gazette, and we wanted it printed in the most artis- 
tic manner possible. Our printer takes as much 
pride in its typographical appearance as we do, and 
we must say he is a good one. Not because he gives 
us credit; but because he takes pride in making it 
typographically as perfect as possible. If the edi- 
itor of the Gazette does not know anything about 
getting up a good paper, we wish somebody would 
tell us how to do it. 


Mr I 

*-- O Q_^ 5_^ "^ °> 

X -o 

C r-^ 

)■ r 

f .f 

V^ Co 

)• J- 




















L ^ 




(. ha])man. who has been substitut- 
inRat Gillette's, goes toMitcowsky & Ad- 
del's insurance ollice. 

Miss Allie liaur left the lioynlon Fur- 
nace Co.. to go to Los Angeles, Cat., and 
Miss Lizzie .Sliannon was sent to fill her 
place. Miss Florence Handyside takes 
Miss Shannon's former position at Geo. 'N 
Lee & Co., on State street. 

Received a call from Mr. Gilbert, of 
Spencer's Business College. Milwaukee. 
He was looking for a shorthand teacher, 
and tliought we might be able to help him. 
Miss Annie Forbes is with Millard & 
Co., on Randolph street. 

We are in receipt of Vol. I, No. 1 of the 
Btisiness Educator, published by A. J. 
Uarnes.of St. Louis, which from a cursory 
glance will make its mark among the 
shorthand people. 

Miss Heller was sent to all Miss Hol- 
land's place at Mercantile Collection 
Agency on Lake street. 

Miss .Josie Millar has returned from 
Iowa, where she has been lilling the posi- 
tion of stenographer, telegrapher and type- 
writer. She has accepted a position at 
Garcelon's, commission men. 

Lena is with Cogswell & Co., jewelers. 
Katie Qualey. who has been substitut- 
ing for some months at Gould & Austin's, 
has taken a permanent position with Hen- 
ion & Ilubbell. 

Miss Blaxim is with the Queen Insur- 
ance Co., and Katie has taken her place. 
^" has returneil to her post 



1 2,000 copies of this Gazette to a new 
list of county superintendents, (without supplement,) 
free of charge, we hope you will read it over care- 
fully, don't only read ttiis because it is blue pencil 
marked, but read the whole paper, and it you do not 
tlnnk it will contain 00 cents wortli of information 
to yon or your children, then give it to some one of 
your teachers ; but we wish to say we will have a 
great deal of interesltng reading matter for county 
superintendents to think over in our future num- 
bers. If you are too poorly paid to warrant the 
expenditure of the money, let u^ know, and we 
will try and help you out of your trouble. It costs 
00 cents a year, and two premiums beside, under, 

Tlie Instil 

,11 Fxchange Bank, 
liber of t lie T'lpewriteT Opet'- 
inf, and isjiist what type- 
Every one should support 
II promptly their subscrip- 
cheap enougli. Success. 

CJallEF? at QuF OlfiEE. 

The olTice of the Gazette is one of the attrac- 
tions for every scribe passing tlirougti Chicago, as 
well as headquarters for all the knights in and near 
the city. L. Asire, Minneapolis. Minn.; E. F. (Juin- 
talon his way to Hillsdale, Mich.; .1. D. Holcomb, 
Cleveland, Ohio, who said tlie three h's caught him; 
J. A. Young, of Jlichigan City, Ind.. called on us. 
C. E. Blackmer, Christie O'Brien, Ed Clostermever, 
from St. Louis, spent the 4th with us. M. M. iJes- 
mond, C. L. Itunnels, Williams, Wilson, McClelland, 
Little, Faust, called, and liro. Scarborough came 
walking in to see the lion in his den. Bro. .Jack is a 
line lad; he will sit down with us and chat on pen- 
manship matters for an hour; recently overhauled in 
his company what he said was a meaiieval treasure 
(the Teacher of Ptnmamhip.) (He always curies 
some siicli works, which we boys called jawbreak- 
ers, in his pocket), and we had a good time laugh- 
ing over some of the old birds and beasts; we bad 
■ quail on toast," and " fish served hot," and taken 
' ■ Ives onlylik. 

all in all, 

can enjoy theiiisil 
on a Saturdav afti 
posite sex cliiigin: 
well, we will imL 
Jack, if you did i 
says— Sabe. 

'Biu.,S. uui, 
. member of the op- 
in, endeavoring to- 
re, but we saw you, 
ibe — as -\., Y and Z, 

R (trip to Yalpapaiso. 

For five years the editor of the Gazette and 
Uro. Isaacs had kept up a continuous correspondence, 
without one ever having seen the other; but. recent- 
ly, we piucked up courage enough to pay IJro. Isaacs 
a visit at his country home. When we left the big 
city behind we were wondering how the meeting 
would turn out, we were so full of anxiety to meet 
the man who tirat inspired us with the desire to be- 
come an editor, that when we met liro. Ike for a 
few moments our tongue seemed as if glued to 
the roof of our mouth. 'J'lie editor and ex- 
editor clasped each other'.s hands, tears trickled down 
their cheeks, and for awhile their better feelings 
had the best of them. But it was soon over, and the 
ice once broken the laws of nature predominated. 
Did our readers ever see such a novel sight as we 
presented V We doubt it; eh, more, we donX believe 
it. We hardly remember what a sight we did present, 
but we do know we did a terrible sight of talking. 
J iro. Isaacs says we talked his "philosophical mem- 
brane" into quietude, and we know liro. Isaacs could 
beat our " muscular" organ all to pieces. 

Well, it was a meeting which will be ever stamped 
on our mind. After doing up penmanship, muscular 
and philosopliical discussions not excepted during 
the half of the first night of our stay, IJro. Isaacs 
carried off the laurels of the day by talking us to 
sleep. >Ve. however, woke him up bright and early 
in the morning with one of our famous ditties, which 
nobody ever heard. 

In the morning early we saw students Hocking 
around the Normal School building, like busy bees 
around the hive. The Chapel Exercises were at- 
tended by the largest class of students we ever saw. 
In fact, the Northern Indiana Normal School has the 
largest and most studious gathering of young people 
in its halls that it was our pleasure to ever behold. 
A descriution of all the departments would occupy 
too much space. We will only say we never saw 
more earnest workers, more enthusiastic teachers 
and scholars in whatever branch of study it may be 
than we saw at Valparaiso. 

What we enjoyed most were Bro. Isaacs' classes. 
It was a novel sight to see hundreds of young men 
and women so deeply interested in penmanship. 
Every one seemed to go at his work as if it was the 
greatest pleasure in ihe world to make ovals four 
spaces in height and not sliaded heavierthan y^ inch, 
and then come down to the oval exercise, }4 space in 
height. Bro. Isaacs knows how to present copies to 
his students and knows how to prevent any luck of 
interest in their work. Ills methods are practical 
and productive of the best results, as was clearly 
demonstrated by the kind of work done by his stu- 

J. F. Coxart did work creditable to a professional. 
Cole Moxon, who begins a serial poem in this num- 
ber of the Gazette, is a good penman, and so are 
many more of bis students. Bro. Isaacs does more 
good for young people and for the advancement of 
pen art than many are aware of. He is not only a 
tine penman, but a fine teacher; popular for his un- 
preaumotuousness ; one of the hoys with thp. hoys. We 
admire him the more on finding him to be as we ex- 
pected liim, heart and soul in love with his work and 
our noble calling. lie inspiies the boys by sitting 
down and slashing off his copies before their eyes, 
and they are inspired with a love for their work as no 
engraved copies will ever produce. One of the fea- 
tures of the day on the occasion of our visit, in fact 
J what transpired 

litilH ^i.((<)t, :nul with bated breath we stood up to 
hi'iir Ib.;i;us ;innc)unce the thing. We never thought 
for a nioiiient that the boys only thought another 
dude liad arrived in town, and when Bro. Isaacs an- 
nounced that the man with the plug hat, etc., tliat 
arrived last night may be looked upon by some as a 
dude, but he wished to state that such was not tiie 
case, we nearly fainted. He said it was not a Chi- 
cago dude, but only a hard working penman like him- 
self, whom he had known for years, etc.. and whose 
only fault that he could detect was a tendency to talk 
a man out of house and home or make him become 
interested in penmanship. Our readers can imagine 
how we felt as we stood up before those 300 pupils, 
exposed without a word of warning. We endeavored 
to explain that talking was a weakness of mankind 
(and then we were met with the question whether 
we ever haard that women talked any) ; so we tru^d 
to convince the boys that we were not an habitual 
talker to the best of our ability. In that way we 
got away from a speech. 

Bro. Isaacs insisted on humorous sketches; we 
had 'em. Well, they were humorous. We know the 
halls rung with laughter and applause, and we shall 
ever remember our visit as a most pleasant and en- 
joyable affair. 

To the students who subscribed so liberally to our 
paper our thanks are due, as well as to the teachers 
and olllcers for the courtesy shown us. We may 
come again, but when we do we will prepare our 
speech, and we will read her off lik^i she is writ, and 
no matter how we are introduced. To Bro. Isaacs we 
are, of course, more than ever indebted for his noble 
work m behalf of the Gazette. From the beginning 
be has put his shoulder to the wheel, and he has never 

yet got tired of pushing her on a little farther. To 
filr. and Mrs. Isaacs both, our thanks are due for 
their kindness and hospitality, so generously dis- 
played on that 

H 5ust;ing LetlEP Tpon^ RIfs. Partii^g- 
tar^'3 5or^ Ike to F}is rHotl^Er. 

Yai.pakaiso, Inix, July to, 1SS7. 

Deaii Motiiek: I now take my pen in hand, witl 
paper and ink before me, to write you a few lines t( 
let you know that I am well, and hope these lines 
will find you the same. 

I read your article in the Gazette with a meek 
ness becoming a son, and I hope you will not think 
hard of me. or proclaim that you disown me as your 
weak-minded child because I write you this public 
letter. I shall try hard not to say anything smart, 
and I earnestly hope that I may succeed as well as 
when I uttered the words quoted in your article and 
which you use as a text. 

Now, I would not quarrel with you for anything 
the world, for it ain't a bit nice of mother and son 
quarrel, but I thought 1 might pick up a few of those 
"chips" you speak of and put in your apron so you 
could cook yourself a cup of coffee in your old age. 
My words to the learner were : 

"Don't allow yourself to become confused by 
'muscular bugaboo'or 'philosophical bugaboo "dis- 
cussions. There is nothing mysterious about learn- 
ing to write, unless, indeed, we might call the learn- 
ing of anything mysterious. Whenever you read an 
article on penmanship that you don't understand, 
brand it as simply 'philosophical bugaboo.' and fall 
buck on your own judgment and good sense." 

Now, my dear, good Mother Partington, call it 
meekness if you wilL I confess to you as meekly ai 
1 can. tliat a lot of your articles pertaining to pen 
miinship caused me to write the foregoing paragraph 
in the May number of the Gazette. I hate to tell 
you, tuOj for I know you are in earnest and ari 
sirousot doing good. 

You say that in the foregoing paragraph I " ap- 
peal to that which but few possess, viz: proper judg- 
ment and good sense." Isn't that a pretty green 
"chip?" Is it possible that but/ew of the Gazette 
learners possess judgment and good sense? Had 1 
known I was giving lessons through the Gazette 
to a multitude of idiots or imbeciles, the above ap- 
peal would not have been written. 

I confess, too, that the expression " philosophical 
buga\)oo" had reference to your "riiilosophy of Mo- 
lion." Dear Mother, don't get angry with me, but I 
declare 1 can't see much of anything but old wo 
talk in vour "philosophy of motion." Of coi 
there unaoubtedly is a certain philosophy connected 
with the motion of the arm and hand in writing, but 
there is also a certain philosophy connected with the 
motion of a horse in trotting; and I expect if you 
were a man and were ahorse jockey, you would teach 
the poor animal your" philosophy of motion." What. 
a horse not possessing judgment and common ser 
Well, what of that? According to your say," butfi 
possess these qualilications, and yet you areteacliing 
your " philosophy of motion" to thousands through 
the penman's papers. 

Then, dear mother, you are getting so fussy of late 
about the name " muscular movement." No 
don't care if that name should l)e changed for a 
other name; but I don't think it is nice of you to 
speak so spitefully about the writing of tliose who 
use thai name tor the motion employed in writ' 
Do you suppose that because I use the name muscu- 
lar movement to designate the motion employed, 
that 1 use a different movtment than you do, who 
call it— well, wbat do you call it? A few months 
ago you were struck on the name " arm movement." 
because, as you said, " arm movement " was so much 
more dellnite than muscular movement. In your 
article in the last Gazette you seem to have given 
"arm movement" the bounce and all of a sudden 
slip in the newly coined,, and never-to-be- 
mistaken name, " combined " movement. Now, I li ke 
the name "arm movement," as well as "combined," 
and if the Erie or Milwaukee convention should see fi 
to change to either of these names or any other de- 
cent name, yourson Ike would fall in line without a 
murmur, lint speaking of the definiteness of mean- 
II];.' I 1 iir 11! II 1 1 'cumbined movement," reminds me 
■ ii I 1 il i : _ I nlo. You remember Fido— bless his 
•-■■'■' 1 iiioiherV And don't you remember 

In;' 1^ ! !. .1 n[.ii!iciition of the " philosopliy of 
niMii.'u III -ii.iiuiiL: to death the — well, I have for- 
gotten tUi i,,.;.iiiir,,i ii;iiiie of the animal, but we 
boys calhd ii .■■.knuk iiu'cause of its perfumery). 
Well. Fidi) u^r^| till uiiL^tular movement, but bless 
you, some niic who tinl rmt understand the" philoso- 
pliy of motion " would not know any better than to 
call it the "combined movement." 

As I said. I don'tthinkitisniceof you tospeakso 
spitefully against the writing of those who use the 
name "muscular." Inasmuch, as your son, Ike. has 
inadvertently been using that name, your remarks 
applytohiswritingas well. You are everlastingly jiiw- 
ing about letting results show." but i have been look- 
ing in vain for some " philosophy of motion " results 
through the penman's papers, either from your own 
pen or from that of some of your disciples. It is true 

ally through the wood engrav- 
er's burin, but I have no idea that you intend that 
kind of work to represent the result of the "'phi- 
losophy of motion." 

By the way, dear mother, before I forget it. will 
you please tell me what movement Farley used when 
he wrote thatletter in the March number of the /'en- 
man's Art Jotirnalt Is that the kind of result vou 
want your *' philosophy of motion "to show? Will 
you think I am foolish, and will Farley get mad at 
me. if I bet a thousand dollars that neither Farley or 
any other penman in the country can write such a 
letter y (\ ou taught me somewhere, I think in your 
"Fhilosophical Treatise." the difference between 
penciling out copy for the wood or steel engraver, and 
writing). And did you notice Forbes' engraved let- 
ter in recent numbers of GaskelVs Magaziiie and the 
Exponent f Is that a '"philosophy of motion" result, 
or the result of a"COMBINED rOWEll"*:'— the 
combination being that of the penman and the 
wood engraver. (Now, mother, answer these ques- 
tions fairly and squarely, or I will run away from 
home). Again, did you notice Musselman's auto- 
graphs in the February number of the Penman's Art 
Journal? Was the signature under his poitraiton 
first page a "philosophy of motion " signature';' And 
was the headmg to his autograph letter on another 
page a "philosophy of motion" heading*!* And was 
his autograph letter and signature a " muscular 
movement" result')' I ask tor information. And 
will you tell me how Lyman Spencer and H. W. 
Flickiuger wrote their letters which appeared in the 
Journall Will you inform me how i;iark'sletter that 
appeared in a recent copy of the Ameri':aii I'tninan 
was written V I simply want to get at the " philoso- 
phy of motion "results so as to compare theiu with 
" muscular movement" results; hence, I don't want 
any of these penmen to whom t have referred to get 
mad at me ortotliink I am sticking my nose into 
their business. 

Trusting these few lines will find you in a moth- 
erly mood, I am. 

Your affectionate son. Ike. 


Clark's Ameincan Penman contains full particu- 
lars concerning the first convention of Amcricau 
penman. It is well printed and well illustrated. 

St. Joseph's Commercial Review, published at Uit- 
ner's Commercial College, 8t. Joseph, Mo., is well ed- 
ited and is always a welcome visitor in our otfice. 

II. B. Bryant's Chicago Business College is run- 
ning a large summer school. It is an institution of 
which citizens of Chicago are proud. 

The Practical Edttc&tor, published by the Oska- 
loosa Business College, is another new venture 
which we hope will succeed. 

The business Educator, published by C. A. Flem- 
ing, Owen Sound, Out., is ou our list. It is full of 
educational notes. 

The Burlinytoii Uamkeye devotes columns to the 
description of the We.stern Normal College, where 
Prof. Kinsley has charge of the Business and Pen- 
manship Department. I'rof. Kinsley is a very line 
penman and a good teacher, and is meeting with 
great success. 

Prof. AV. N. Ferris, of the Big Rapids Industrial 
School, sends us an elegant invitatiuii to his closing 
exercises, a^s well as his journal. Prof. Ferris is now 
conducting'one of the largest schools in Michigan. 
He is full of energy, enterprise and push, and he is 
meeting with the success he so richly deserves. 

The Metropolitan Business College, which is lo- 
cated opposite our office, recently giive theirstudents 
an open air excursion on the hike. A steamer was 
chartered exclusively fur the day and uU present liad 
a good time. O. M. Powers, the nresident, is a very 
fine gentleman and is well liked by all who know 

Tfie Writing Teacher, a quarterly, published by 
II. J. Williamson, liichmond, Va. Hello. Williamson 
—Hello— Is that you ■(* Well, you have nerve, pluck, 
energy and push, and you should succeed, under- 
stJind. H'm.yes. Oh, yes. we forgot— the subscrip- 
tion price, 25 cents, is low enough. What did you 
say? Thanks! Don't mention it. We would like 
to see ten more papers in the field. 

The Western Penman.— Mro. Palmer is now prob- 
ably figuring on enlarging the Penman to 24 pages; 
he wants room, he says, and he is certainly spreading 
himself. The Wtstej-n Penmanis to-day everything 
the penman's heart may desire. But Bro. I'almer is 
full of tlie genuine Western stuff called push, and so 
he wdl keep on pushing. We wish him continued 

GaskeU's Magazine.— The June number is a verit- 
iblegem; it is full of choice reading, and, besides contained a portrait of Bro. Jack. We for- 
get how he puts it; it was something about cold 
sweats, etc.. but when we think of where his mus- 
tache went we are not surprised that cold sweats 
covered his forehead when he attempted to pose j 
minister. But it is excusable. We are glad to 

see ^B I 

liliii;; countenance illuminating the piiges of 

The Art Jounial, for May, containsa pair of horses 
flourished by i).T. Ames, which would almost make 
it appear as if IJro. Ames waa just entering upon liis 
career as a penman. We are surprised to see one 
whom we idolized in our younger days commit such 
fidlacies of youtii. Flourishing horses may he very 
|)roper lor young penmeu, but the dignified, able ed- 
itor of tlie oldest penman's paper in America should 
>ureU' have more serious things to look after than to 
llouris)i horses alter a design by Barlow. The other 
matter is. as always, in keeping with ihe de- 
mands of such a journal. The Journal is always 
welcome in our oHice. and we appreciate the efforts 
of liro. Ames for raising our art to sucii a high rank 
in the estimation of the world at large. 

The Exponent, for June, is very neat. Ttcontains 
an ariicle by one H. F. Vogel. who got huffv because 
Itro. Forbes is trying to play possum. Now, Hro. 
Forbes, you can crack away at us about our " schoon- 
ers." we used to drink at Altoona, but you know we 
never lost one hour in the school-room on account of 
taking a drink after a day's work, nor does that ac- 
count for your taking side's with a rogue and an idiot. 
Vou ought to have compavpil H.-'iiniMt's .^^■le on 
llourishinti and Ihcnrirm lln- nnniln r hpli.r-. One 
monihhi; " ' 


I'l the 

next month tl 

detract from the merits of business cnlii-i- i,, i (-.,■ 

nourishing is taught in some schools, i >i 

ever see any school announce or advert i-' 

as a paitof Rbusitussedw-atiun? Vnn li. i uin 

any school in the United St:i(fs stamls a-, Inw in the 
♦ stimatiou of business uim as hi- <l<n-^':' lirt.u'e at- 
tempting to slur the stanilinu "I Imsnw-ss co] Ii-l^cs is 
it not wise to look at him who is iii.ikni'; ilLrr aidMnptV 
IJro. Forbes, we told you tliat lifimett was using vou 
for a tool; do you not see itV :Xuw, you asked your 
readers for suggestions; we make one. Use a little 
more discretion about printing everything you can 
get; print such articles as liro. Fierce's which ema- 
nate from reading the editorials in the Gazette, 
and you are safe; us soon as you get Bennett andsuch 
ilk t) write something you are caught in a trap 
Otherwise the Exponent i-^ doing well, and we don't 
mind the dig at us for boominy the prohibitiun 
movement. Isaacs says the prohibition movement 
still moves. 

HiTiEFiEai; PEnmEi^'3 i^g^oEiatior;, 


Reports from Erie all seem to indicate that a joy- 
ful and profitable meeting of our brethren was held. 
There were many who like us hoped to attend, but 
Hnallycouldnot get away. Thenofcice was quite short, 
Init the responses from all parts of the country phiinly 
showed the penmen to be alive in seeing llie'beiieliis 

Ninety-three na 

voted upon and enrolled a: 

embers, thus laying a 6rm foundati 
ing meeting next year. The following officers were 
elected to hold through next year: A. 11. Hinman, 
President; H.C.Clark and C. K. Wells. Vice-Presi- 
dents; II. W.Shaylor, A. N. Palmer and C. C.Curtis. 
Executive Committee; C. il. Kobiiison, Secretary 
and Treasurer. 

The substance of the above report was partly 
transmitted to the ollice of the Gazette by special 
over and underground wires. 

Goi^YEi^tioi; WeeK ir^ Gt^icago. 

The twenty-seventh session ofthe National Teach- 
ers' Association was held in this city from .Udy 12th 
to ICth. 2O,O0U teachers (school marms mostly) came 
from the east, came from the west, from the north 
and from the south, to enjoy and profit by a gati 

ng which was the most notable ( 



led fn 

ntv ,H 

■ and C. C. 

i Org 

idance. a very 
ad hoped to attend sent in their 
ie members. The organization, 
•nstitulion.has for its object the 
most cordial relations between 
!,'• iiiPiit oT iuih-p.-tuient thought 
iiii; til ihi' ir;u-tiiiig and practice 
'i'iiiiiin--hi|i V\\>- meetings are 
t a ii'Mv ;ni(l jihirp chosen bvthe 

dui II. W.Shaylor, A. 

\ny penman teach' 

practicing any branch of the art may become .. 
ember by election and paying SI. at the' opening of 

'" ~ ""^ ".asions atErie embraced a wide 

rought out a wealth of ideas 
yed by all. The question box 
tes by the older members start- 
were verv interesting, as they 
i-'v nf ivpiMi-^nccs. Prof. A. A. 


writiiigiii the .M. Lniiis schools, all gave excellent 
talks upon the best methods ot doing public school 
work. Profs. Ames and Hinman gave quite lengthy 
descriptions of the principles and rules to be ob- 
served in engrossing. Prof. ilcLachlan, of Canada, 
showed lumselt to be a very able teacher and think- 
er, and opened the subject of movement, which was 
vigorously discussed for several hours by Messrs. 
Niiiilh. Stevens. McKee. Robinson, Luce, Poudebush. 
IJrake, Schiethe, Kelly, Jones, Holah and otliers. 
Ihe by Engraver Holah, of Cleveland. 
\yere closely listened to. The discussions lasted 
tlu-oiigh live days, during which Prof. H. C. Clark 
not oniv joined in the discussions, but acted as a hos- 
pit.Hble host and provided lake excursions and a 
ph'a.sant time. At the close of tlie meeting and dur- 
ing it all seemed delighted with what they had gath- 
ered in the line of valuable points, and each started 
lor home with a lirm determination to come again. 

And they received a warm reception, not only 
from the citizens of ('hicago, but the weather clerk 
also made it warm for them. The tirst day opened 
with tu® in the shade and it closed with 100.*' but in 
spite of the heat there never was a lack of enthusi- 
asm or interest in the proceedings. 

'wenty thousand people, several thousand more 
than could find seats, crowded into the Expositi 
Building on Tuesday ev'ng, .July 12th, at the opening 
session. From 8 to '.) the prnrrramme w:ts a Thomas 
concert. At 9 o'clock I'resident Sheldon called the 

Hence to order. He said there is hut one Chicago 

ere is but one Thomas orchestra. After the brill- 
iant feast of music which we have en joyed this even- 
I 'J, 1 have the blessed privilege of introducing you 
I ■< .1 feast of another kind, of presenting to you his 
llnnor, the Mayor of Chicago. Ma^or Roche then 
'k'livered his address. after which Allen C.Storey fol- 
lowed with a telling address. George Howland, Supt 
of the Chicago schools, and County Supt. Lane, fol- 
lowed, after which President Sheldon responded to 
the addresses of the above named gentlemen, and 
Dr. Richard Edwards followed, speaking on the 
ject. " The Problem of To-day." 

The following days sessions took place at Central 
Music Hall, Farwell Hall, and the Department of 
Art Education was in session at the Mad 
Street Theatre. It is impossible to publish 
anything like a report of the entire proceedings in 
our paper, as the Chicago Inter-Ocean's daily repm'ts 
were so complete that to reprint ihem would requiie 
12 munliers of our Gazette. Be it said that the 
meeting was tlie most proHtable and enjoyatjle that 
was ever held. Throughout the sessions, in spite of 
the intense heat, the interest In the proceedings 
never abated, and all leftfor (heir homes with pleas- 
ant recollections of the days spent at the conven- 


hibit was examined by thousand's of visitors, 
M'orcester Art School, from M'oic^^t. r. Ma>s.. had 
an excellent exhibit; Columlnis, nim,, w;is it-]M'i'sent- 
ed: in fact, exhibits were llierr imm <n-.n and Tar. 
The Chicago schools were H-iHrMnti,| l,\ a very 
large and interesting exhibit. I'he oilice ul the Ga- 
zette was also represented and it afforded us great 
pleasure to make the personal acquaintance of so 
many teachers, and it is needless to say that our ex- 
hibit attracted much attention and that many of the 
visitors were em oll'-d on our subscription list. 

We were not at all surprised at the penmanship 
exhibited in the various departments, because we can 
expect nothing better as long as penmanship re- 
ceives no more attention than it doesatthe hands of 
the average school teacher. We will say more in fu- 
ture numbers of our paper about the miserable 
cramped writing exhibited by students of the high 
school. The work is considered perfect by the aver- 
age spectator, but to a teacher of penmanship, to any 
live [lenman, the exhibit proved beyond a doubt that 
we ate in need of more competent instructors in 
penmanshii» and the sooner we get them the better. 
If the Penmen's Convention, which was called at 
Erie, bad been called in this citv during the same 
week that the National Teachers' Convention was 
in session, the penmen of America could have 
pushed their claims for recognition and could have 
proven beyond disputation the necessity for better 
instruction in that branch of our English education. 
There were se-:sions and discussions on every con- 
ceivable subject, but we failed to note any discussion 
or session devoted to penmanship. Is it not high 
time for our penmen to come forward and say their 
say. Could we find a belter opportunity tlian just 
such a gathering 'i* We propose that the penmen of 
America organize for battlel Shoulder arms! For- 
ward march! to the same city where the next Na- 
tional Teachers' Convention will be held. Prepare 
for the march to San Francisco in ISSS. Organize 
for battle! Let our generals prepare their papers 
and let us one and all unite ana demand a hearing 
before that body ; if we can get a hearing, which we 
can and will get, we can make a strike in the right 
direction which will be felt from one end of the coun- 
try to the other. If we operate in harmony and uni- 
ty and begin operations early, we can do more for 

the cause of better methods of instruction in pen- 
manship in our public schools than we can by pub- 
lishing 100 penman's papers. Will any one wlio at- 
tended this convention deny that our statement is 
correct. Can any one offer a better plan for pushing 
our claim for recognition than by stepping before 
the teachers from near and far, personally, and pre- 
senting our arguments wrtli proofs by taking their 
work on exhibition as a result of their teaching and 
showing what the result would be if proper attention 
were given tliat study. 

What do you say, brother knights of the quilt'? 
Perhaps the excessive heat has created fancies in 
our cranium which can never be realized, but w*mld 
it not be a good plan to call the next meeting of the 
newly- formed Penmen's Association at the same 
place and the same time that the National Teachers* 
Convention will be held, and that we prepare our- 
selves to step before that body, with the best mettle 
of our profession, to demand tlbat which is deserving 
and worthy of more attention than is given to ii — 
the art of teaching penmanship and teacning it prop- 
ly'i' I,,et us hear you shout, either cry our pla 

nd all, and let us'm arch before that convention 

several hundred strong and you will be surprised at 
the result. 

Let us hear you shout, anyway; our columns are 

The office of the Gazette was the coolest place 
in Chicago during convention week, and i 

called while we were at the exhibition, and while 
writing a note to Jim, the Penman, Bro. Hinman, 
of Worcester. Mass., dropped in, and a pathetic scene 
took place. Henry Hart, of Atlanta.C.a. ; W. E. Drake, 
Jersey Citv, N. J.; J. N. Curry. Harrisburg, Pa.; 
Mrs. J. Biesell, Fayette, Iowa, dropped in the same day. 
Daniel T. Ames, the able editor of the Penman's Art 
Jmimal, of New York City, paid us a pleasant visit 
and gave us quite a little talk and information in re- 
gard to artistic engrossing. J. E. Ricketts, of New 
Haven. Conn., was introduced to us by his biother. 
C. L. Ricketts. of this city. Prof. S II. Goodyear, of 
Cedar Rapids. Iowa, called in company with liio. 
Jack. Isaac A. Clarke, Berryville, Ark., C. Turner, 
Akron, Mich., were amongst our callers. Chandler 
H. Peirce, of Keokuk. Iowa, got around just as we 
go to press, and we expect to see adozen or two pen- 
men after the convention at our sanctum. 

pErisoi^al ai^d OII^efwise. 

AVe have enabled a few young men to get situa- 
tions so far. and we make no charge either way. 
Schools desiring penmen or teachers should write 
us. I'enmen out of situations likewise. 

Just as we go to press a copy of the Practical 
Educator, published by A. J. Rider, of the Trenton, 
N. J.. Business College, comes to ourlnind. It isone 
of the brightest, most interesting and ably edited 
educational papers that appears in our sanctum. 
May it continue to prosper. 

Tlie finest collection of penmanship is owned by 
M. D. L. Hayes, of Rochester. N. Y. In it are specl- 
s from penmen now dead and forgotten. Hayes 

I enthusiast on the subject of penmanship, and 

takes great pleasure in showing what the old-timers 

Id do. 

The Penman's Art Journal combined the June 
and July numbers. The frontispiece is a handsome 
portrait of B. F. Kelley. one of the able assistants in 
theotficeof ihe Journal. One of the most artistic 
pieces of engrossing that ever appeared in the Art 
Journal finds place in the same issue. Taken all in 
all, the June and July number of the Art Journal is 
one of the finest on record. 

Madarasz. of New York, always takes visiting 
penmen to 755 Broadway and shows them what he 
claims to be the finest specimen of penmanship ever 
executed. The work took about six months to com- 
plete, and two of the greatest lights in the profession 
did it— Lyman P. Spencer and H. W. Flickinger. 
Mr. Miller, the artist, of Washington, D. C, put in a 
small sketch or two. Madarasz says he can gape at 
it for hours. 

expect these warm days. It contains a poi trait and 
a diploma executed by A. C. Webb, Na.shville. Tenn. 
Furthermore, Bro. Palmer did not hesitate to give 
liro. Jack's little Iowa racket away (that Inter-State 
Commerce law knoi:k8 the poor editors) in connec- 
tion with a biograghical sketch of the editor of Oas- 
keU's Ma(/azinc, and he announces that the pen- 
manship world will be treated to aomethingimmense 
about Sept. 1 by the publication of his new book. 
"Palmer's Guide to Muscular Movement Writing." 
ilr. Goodye; 

sale for business colleges ami priv 
A handsome programuie ot tht 
}s College, Newark, N. J., coi 

cises was also received. 

.lersey IJusi- 
eiuent exer- 

-th: e-»— 

PEnman'3 i^rt SazettE. 






Editor and Prop 





go, lU 




Vicker'8 Building, Cliicft 


" fmlf"" 

» per ino 



0; for 6 monthB, $80.00; 1 year, 


GAanTTi; for o 

no .ve«r for 60 cents. ' 


In order to 

give onr reHders ^ chance to cinb na, we will' malte 

of onr Siieeiol 

of subscribers eent In to count toward obtaining one 


and oiir Logan 

Ml"u,or™i'tSS:n!'o';,v'" ■'"''• '"" "''™ 

?;pp'~! ■-.. I_ i>FFf-n, 

Until .I»i,ii 

r> 1-1 )— :.. 1 ■ i ..f cliargo, a cnt like 
i.r-r !,,_. n.^indijliotoeugrttved 
■mliuL'ii- lii !'■■■' ii'ii.'ii-il siiliBcribore. Names 

will be all we'VnTfind\inVe"for! '^ 

.•1,™^;"' "'■ 

C. L. Palmbr, Editiou Printer, 170 Madison Street, 


E,t,a Edition 

^,„, '■"% 

1 Mrw I'a 

.Inly ftud Angnst— Eflitorlol L'oraniiiiit.. 
All Old Story to tht Yoiioa— I'eirce. - . 

Letter from Showaiter — Squiba 

Milnaiikee Penmnne' ConventiOD, etc 

Leeeoua Id FlouriHbing 

•Tuat for Pun 

Our Supplement— Clube—Ade. Etc 


Jim, The Penmnn— Vogel 

I Sketches— Betirdpley and Zaner 

July and Hugu^t. 

In combining our July and August numbers we 
liope uune of our readers will feel themselves swin- 
dled. >Ve had several reasons for doing so. and we 
intended to announce it in our last, but for one thing. 
We have sent out regularly from month to month 
4.000 to 5,000 copies of our jiaperto young people, and 
older ones also, who we knew were interested in pen- 
manship. We have done this to win their confi- 
dence, to prove that we mean business, to demon- 
strate that we are spending our money lavishly to 
build up our paper. Of that large list about one- 
fourth have subscribed by this time, a great many 
have promised to subscribe in the near future, and 
since the July number did not appear at its regular 
time, a great many have sent in their subscriptions 
to begin with the July number. Now to those who 
did not yet subscribe we will say, we mail you this 
number once more, (but without the supplement) 
and we want you to understand it is the last free 
number you will receive; we are not publishing a 
sheet for the purpose of slinging mud at anybody, 
but we are endeavoring to make the ideal penman's 
pjiper in this country; it takes money to do it. ^Ve 
have spent more money for cuts than any penman's 
pHpe,r of four months standing ever paid for their 
entire edition; we are spending more money to have 
it typographically perfect than any other penman's 
paper, and our printer is straining every nerve to 
meet our expectations. 

Do you think we can aftord to do this all for glory ? 
Are you mercenary enough to expect us to do soV 
Is it anything but just that we ask you to contribute 
to the sustenance of such a paper? Can you not af- 
ford to invest 00 cents in such a journalV If not. 
then you are not worthy of receiving another copy 
free. We are bold in our declarations, but we do not 
think that any man of honor would expect to receive 
a journal like ours without paying for it, and any- 
one who expects it is, in our consideration, enti- 
tled to a leathern medal for his magnanimityl He 
should be rewarded for contributing so much to the 
public good; he should be lauded for bis virtues, and 
should be paraded as a public benefactor! Such 
men must be rewarded while tliey live, for in death 
they would only serv^ to be a reminder of personal 
munilicence, the greatness of which culminated in 
death, whose most noble deed on earth was to make 
rnom for men who would be more human, men 
who do not consider it a weakness to help others, 
but who pride themselves on being classed with 
those who are ever ready to help a good cause. It; 
was to give those who expect everything for nothing 
a chance that we delayed some, and though many 
neglect to send in their subscriptions through care- 
lessness, we hope they will understand ua now and 
come to the front. 

Then in the summer months our journals gener- 
ally always reduce their size on account of lack of 
interest in penmanship during warm weather, and 
another reason was, we expect to have a little vaca- 
tion. We have worked for the last six months from 
12 to 15 hours per day; we edited the paper, con- 
ducted the correspondence, and did several of the 
Ilnest pieces of engrossing that were ever done in 
this city. We are getting a little worn out; our eye- 
sight troubles us a little and we need a Utile rest; we 
have made this number the finest on record (lor a 
new paper); whether or not we will continue as a 12- 
page paper has not yet been decided. We have fur- 
nished the best of everything we could obtain for the 
pages of our Gazette, and we think for (50 cents 
year it is almostimpossible to print a twelve page 
journal .unless we make extensive advertising i 
rangements. We have tried to make our paper 
gem; if we have failed to meet the expectations 
others, we have not heard of it. We are receivii 
tlie support of a great many. Yet we want moi 
hecause we want to improve, we want to grow, but 
it cannot come without the support df the masses. 
Let every teacher do like Bro. Isaacs and soon our 
journal will be second to none. 

We are under obligations to all who have assist- 
ed us so far, and we do not hesitate to say that the 
noble editora of the Western Penman. Penman's Art 
Joutmal, and QaskelVs Magazine Imve done consider- 
able for us, and we urge our readers who are 
not subscribers of those papers to become such. We 
may have said something here and there toward one 
or the other, but it was not out of maliciousneps, but 
because our sense of duty demanded it, and we are 
pleased to note no ofCense was taken. Everybody is 
liable to make a mistake and so are we; but ungrate- 
fulness was never a part of our make up. We wish 
to thank every one who has assisted us so far ; to 
mention all individually would be occupying too 
much sjiace; we will say it our friends continue 
thfir noblo work the Akt Gazette will become 
wnitliy nf thiMT su]iport. While we are endeavoring 
tti ;^'t-t ;i w If k s \ aeation, we hope our friends will 
piir-piiic tiii'ii rinii-s and when we come back they 
c;iii [juuuil us lui another year. 

c-ciitopial GommEntE. 

Fielding Schofield's article in our June number 
has aroused more interest in penmanship circles 
tlian any that has appeared for some time. We beg 
to differ with Uro. Schofield, but we are not at the 
present moment enabled to produce our arguments 
to the contrary. We understand Fine Art to be not 
only that in which the hand, tlie head and the 
heart of man go together, but to be also a true depic- 
tion of the good, the true and the beautiful in na- 
'. Uro. Isaacs gets nearer to it when he says 
flourishing is a creation of fancy. F. W. II. Wiese- 
hahn, of St. Louis, (and who could produce better 
arguments than he,) for it was none other than Wiese- 
hahn who convinced us of the fact that Flourishing 
n itself could not be classed in the Fine Arts, in re- 
ply to a letter from us soliciting an article in reply 
to Schofield's. says among other things, " Life is too 
short to undertake to instruct people in one lettei- 
what has taken bright minds months of labor and 
volumes to express is an absolute impossibility. 
Therefore pardon me in declining the attempt. In 
peaking of art it is necessary to fully understand 
he meauiog of the term. What is Artf What does 

it embrace? What is its mission, purpose, etc.? 
How can any one acquire a knowledge of Art— a 
feeling for Art? I'ersons in search of such knowl- 
edge I would recommend to them the study of the 
writings of Turner, Strult, Palmer. Ferguson, Wor- 
num, Eiistlake. Luebke. AVinkleman. Racinet. Owen 
Jones, John Ruskin. and a very interesting and use- 
ful work by Geo. Ward Nichols, entitled, ' Art Edu- 
cation Applied to Industry.' " We advise our read- 
ers who tnke interest enough in this controversy to 
follow Wiesehahn's advice. AVe are overloaded with 
work at the present time, hence cannot devote the 
time to produce the proof of our argument, but we 
shall refer to it some future day. Let us hear from 
others meanwhile. 


AVe are ready for a discussion on copybooks and 
their merits, and this month we have an artlclefrom 
J. A. Young, a veteran teacher, and one who is ca- 
pable of speaking on that subject. AVe expect to 
hear from other sources also. We do not wish to de- 
nnunrp rnpvbnoks, but we will say right here we 
will (ii>( n>s thi' pro. and cons., and if every publish- 
in;,' Ihmim- in llir country will withhold their adver- 
tistU]'_iiL linin appearing in the Gazette because 
\vf :iie pulilis.liirjg such arlilcles like Ilinman's in 
our last number. If copybooks are what is claimed 
for them such articles cannot do any harm; if not, 
the sooner they go the better, and no concern can 
prevent us from publishing our views or the views 
of others by withholding their advertising patronage. 
AVe would rather go down for a good cause than go 
up in duty bound to withhold ourselves from the 
riglits of American citizenship— free speech. AVe 
are no copybook annihilators. but if something is 
rotten in our systeth of teaching from copybooks, we 
will not refrain from publishing an article because 
it may not suit an advertiser. If our cause is wrong 
they only can gain by such discussions. We are not 
attacking any system, but we do want to aid in 
achieving the best results tor the masses. If the 
copybooks are capable of doing that, we are with 
the copy books every time, but we are not with 
them because the publishers are advertising with 
us. AVe are doing our duty towards our subscribers, 
and we cannot be bought to do anything but what is 
right and just. To remark that a sheet witli an ar- 
ticle like the one from Ilinmau, could never carry 
an advertisement for their house, will never cause 
us to retreat a step from the path we have taken. 
American penmen are increasing daily and the Ga- 
zette hopes to see the day when every village and 
hamlet has its superintendent of writing, and 
then the copybooks may be made to serve tlieir mis- 
sion better ihan they do to-day. AVe will keep on dis- 
cussing the value of copybooks with and without 
proper instruction as long as our paper continues, 
and if we go down for lack of patronage on that ac- 
coimt we are ready to pass in our chips. 

Jiy some error the wrong article by Young was put 
in type. The one to which the above refers will 
appear next month.— (Ed.) 


Our thanks are due to our friend J. A. Young, 
formerly teacher in the public schools at Michigan 
City. Indiana, lor a complete file of the Teacher of 
i*e7(»w7is..y), published by L. S. Thompson, at San- 
dusky, Ohio,— from October 1807. to Dec, I8(iii. ' Mr. 
Young made us a present of a work for which we 
would not take Si.OOO. It was, we think, the first 
penman's paper ever published, and when we look 
over the pages of the entire volume, we smile when 
we see how many of the wood cuts split on our edi- 
tor of days gone by. but when we read that he cut 
every engravijig himself, taught school and edited 
the paper, chopped wood and did all the other little 
chores about the house, we cannot but admire the 
pluck, energy and push displayed by the editor of the 
first penman's paper published. If some bird cut 
did split half way down, it fulfilled its mission 

those days, and when we look over the lessons 
presented we cannot hide a smile when we think of 
the young chicken who is ever inventing something 
new. A look over the back numbers of the Teacher 
of Pen7nans7Up proves that we have not advanced 
in writing a hundredth part as much as many be- 
lieve. We shall publish extracts from its pages from 
time to time and it will be interesting reading, we 
know. At that time Ames, GaskelT, Flickingtr, 
Williams, Root, and many others were sending spec- 
imens of their nourishing and writing to the editor 
of the Teacher of Penmanship. And they undoubt- 
edly enjoyed the reading of it as much as the pen- 
men of to-day enjoy a half dozen penman's papers. 
AVe shall always consider ourselves fortunate in own- 
ing such a woi-k, and we are proud of it profession- 
ally, for it was a most excellent paper at that early 

N. S. Iteardsley, supt. of writing. St. Paul, Minn.» 
has favored us with a design which is both beauti- 
ful and niigiiKiI. I!f;udslev i^ ii line artist, and 




ht. lie said he 
wnuiaiiclp tn iiiiiki.- til.' iilriii p. niJi;iii's paper, and he 
meant it. A\e lueait tu pubh:sli luiv dt^iijiui every 
month. No time-worn cuts have appeared so far, 
nor will they ever appear. If we can't afford to 

f let new engravings every month we will stop pub- 
ishing our paper. If tlii 

Hn Old 5topy to the ^oung. 

after making the introductory lines to a. rf. «/, q, 
and the standard style of 37.) than that contained in 
the hest productions— in the shape of letters— of the 
leading penmen of to-day ? Of course I refer to the 
best efforts of the few. and not to the ordinary writ- 
ing which probably might be labeled '■ business." 

Many things done in common, everyday Hie, if 
put to the test would not be considered proper, much 
less elegant, and could not be regarded as such un- 
der any well digested code of laws. So in penman- 
ship there are many things to be done to secure the 
very best effect which are unnecessary when applied 
to regulation business writing. 'Tis true that the 
greed for gain leads many to forget even the law it- 
self; 'lis also true that the rush of business compels 
such execution in writing at times that is triilj 
abominable; yet in either case the example is not 
worthy of being followed. The garments worn dur- 
ing business hours tmll not and do not meet the 
wants and approval of the masses for special 

As the is in no way related to the first part of 
a, d, g and q, I cannot see why the hypothesis is as- 
sumed for Its being considered like the letters in 
question. There can be no good and sufficient rea- 
son assigned to include it under the exception, and 
80 like the majority of letters, it simply comes un- 
der the rule because it is easier made without lift- 
ing the pen. As to (i 1 invariably lift the pen two 
times and am not alone. 

While the loops in r and s are caused from too 
much speed, the remedy could not be effected by 
lifti ng the pen, and hence it is not advisable to do so. 

As to the c a preference can be easily made by 
examining the best productions. 

1 do not mean to say that good business vji-iting 
cannot be done without lifting the pen from the pa- 
per, and in teaching the same I insist upon exercises 
and words being written without lifting the pen; 
but in producing excellent results and in teaching 
•'form" to children I invariably make the exception 
serve my purpose. 

For many, many years, and even now in some 
systems, the x was arid is made by lifting the pen, 
a thing l do not and will not permit. 

As to the capitals, rules regulating a choice in 
worthless. The A,N and M made \yith a 

It is advisable to lift the feet when walking, stem mow used by some systems) are to me hideous 

V limnv «kllfT nnJ Unlr anil ' 


What is practiced by the l _, 

does not warrant its acceptance by 
the few. AVluit is done in haste 
and under unfavorable circum- 
stances sliculd not be regarded as 

not only at the points mentioned, 
hut at others, and who is better cal- 
culated to be recognized as authori- 
ty than tliose who can execute in 
the strictest sense of the word. The 
writing thus produced does not ex- 
hibit a disconnected and broken ap- 
pear.ince jrlun 'j'>-iit>-d by an artist, 
whifti IS thi- 'iiily method by which 
an iirlisiir .tj'.rt cini be produced. 

:;. T:ikiiit; uli t!je pen doc«no( pro- 
duce htiitatiau or stopping and 
therefore does not retard a free, reg- 
ular, rapid and graceful movement. 
Upon the other hand, the opposite 
does do it. besides producing addi- 
tional errors. 

It must he admitted that there is 
a probability and a possibilitv of 
disconnecting letters and parts of 
letters with tlie average learner 
and amateur by lifiim/ the pen, 
but this is as nothing compared 
to the imperfect results from 
keeping the pen on. Keeping the 
pen on. continuously, tends to pro- 
duce a loop or an imitation accord- 
ing to the rapidity taken, if the prop- 
er retracing and spacing are oh- 
served. Keeping the pen on and 
not making the introductory line 
Img enoHuh causes retracing too 
far If the letter be made prop- 
erly and as an additional result 
the proper spacing is destroyed. 
These are noticeable faults with poor 
writers, while just as (lagrant an er- 
ror, that of leaving the a. d. q and q 


) ', } J^ 

K > 




and retlect; when retrospection will produce more 
good than continued activity. It is well, not only to 
speculate as to one's own tttness for the proper dis- 
charge of the duties imposed bv his profession, but 
to question the past in re-;iid ttiat profession 
/las been, and inten-..-;iif th<^ inesmt concerning 
what the standing of tliai proiisMon /,v to be- for it 
must be apparent to all th;it tliu fiUarti depends up- 
on nothing but the present, and that what we call the 
present, with all of its rich advantages, ts but the 
natural harvest which we are reaping from the 
efforts of past toilers. To most of us, however 
there is no present, mil the past, with its inspiring 
history, is only a fast-fading, indetinable something, 
used only for the embellishing of an occasional hour 
of musing or for causing to spring from the hidden 
walls of memory the pensive sigh of re'-ret Our 
ideals are not per.sonified; our pliins .aTiii'Ti he car- 
ried into effect; our wishes are :is ;i lii<;Uii ipi wind 
that for a moment fans our bmw (h.-ii .lis;ipni'itrs ■ 
we aredissatistied, even with the gi';tiiil;irlii,'vement8 
of our progressive age, and as the present only 
causes us to long for better things, we put on the 
armor of determination and with our mind fixed on, 
some vague moment of a coming time when our 
plans and expectations will be converted into reali- 
ties, and the glow of conquest will be seen on our 
brows, we toil onward, unmindful of 
what is transpiring about us. only 
hoping to reap the final reward that 
follows unwearied effort. 

But I am convinced that there are 
times when it is profitable to study 
history and to view onr own labors 
from the standpoint of an observer. 
It is by such means that we gain a 
more liberal and a broader concep- 
tion of the laws that must govern 
successful toil. We can best deter- 
mine what needs to be done by re- 
calling what has already been 
accomplished in a given line of work. 
The profession of penmanship is 
not unlike others in the history of 
its progress. 

A\ hatever has been done to ad- 
vance its interests must not be over- 
looked nor the faithful actors for- 

And yet, unless the art of penman- 
ship is taught and practiced in the 
manner that our most exalted ideals 
would succest. there is abundant 
rooni for efiorl among our teachers. 
We should welcome every agency 
that i;,f"> ■ '--< - - > ■ 
progressive force. 

Every penman's paper is. within 
itself, a mighty power for the pro- 
motion of the good and the exter- 
mination of the bad in our calling, 
and as such should be welcomed by 
every educator in Christendom. 

I heartily wish for the new paper 
a long and useful career. 

Yours, in the harness, 




-tthe toji. is prevalent with the 
better class wUo do not lift the pen 
while at the same time increasini; 
the chances for imperfect slant and 
retracmg with the l.-ist downward 
stroke too far. These are eKregious 
blunders and will befall any one 
wedded to the idea that the pen 


shouldnot be lifted at all 

Of the two evils choose ye the least' 
Does any one object to taking off the pen while 
producing the digits 4 and .')? 

iLrW^** 1° ?° """"a' (and there is none better) of 
■■ r»,\; ?uJ^ l''."^" V" "'11 ""d 'I'e statement 
raise the pen alter producing the lirst part of the 
S...1 L'''"""*.'"" "o S"'^'' authority could be 
™ ■ ? ^'"^«<'ssful experience must acknowledge the 
IfM&i^l^?"!" the average learner will not retrace 
sutticiently to produce a good letter one time in ten 
ine connecting line tor a, d, a and a in words 
rllSd'f "?"" " "r"" «Pac?stong up'on"aTate 
andR fhIL"* i!™'i'i<=<' it is a dTfflcult matter 
oSe taif t„^''"^i!'"/t"'J'^ ""* 1""^^ "> "trace from 
one-halt to one third its length. For this reason to- 

contiiiS • '"'" "* ""f^able to keeping it on ' ■ - 

and »J'i"'"'^,"r.J"'° "11 '■*"""' efO" are avoided 
?end\„,^ .? ?''' 'l"".""* point with which to con- 
tend, and that is easi v manaced bv beinir careful to 
make the connecting line thf pro^riefigth Ca e 
Secthff »V'd r^'r' <"""■<=»■'«! tl'e possilSity Sf discon 
denn. ^- ?"■!■ *" ' ".P.^at It. the preponderance of evi- 
ignated ™''°' ""'"» '"^ P"""' ""* P<>1"'= des- 

One of the best business writers 
in this country is Chas. A. Buck, 
bookkeeper for Sam'l IF. French & 
Co., Philadelphia. I'a He took les- 
sons from Mr. .T, r, Soul,., til.' former 

proprietor of till' l;. I s. rollege. 

of Philadelphia, Mi ^nul,- u;i.s con- 
sidered one of t!i<- lunst suL-( essful 
penmen while following the pro- 

orai „.o „,.„„.,; „ f -■ , ■-.■■•—" for gen- 1 fession. He sold out his school to his principal 

eral use or even professional writmsr. except to give teacheij Mr. T. .1. Prickctt, who inconiunction with 

variety should be consigned to t!,e "tombs." 1 Prof. II'. W. Flickinger, is ninning two of the most 

„,.,„ »„ .„ -,, ._j „ ._, "I successful colleges in the U.S. 


1 the extreme, and anyoueadvocatingtht 

wouldn't think of giving forms to 2' and F and H 
and K which necessitated their production without 
lifting the pen. The majority of capitals admit of 
their best form without lifting the pen; this is also 
true of the small letters, yet the capitals contain ex- 
ceptions as susceptible of proof as that given to 
small letters. " ,^ 

Lifting the pen is objectionable if nothing is 
wanted beyond ordinary, but when it comes to 
streni/tli and beauti/ in many ways, there are reasons 
ten to one, favoring the original proposition. '- 

An exercise in writing may be a repetition of a 
form witli a amtinuous movement, but it 
em be. IS. as well a repetition of a certain 

m «ith a DTScoNTiNrous movement. 

Secundum artem. 

R. LeIIep Fpam BhowaltEF. 


West Union, W. Va, May 24, 1887. 
iRiEXD Vogel:— There are times in the experi- 
ence of every penman when it is appropriate to stop 

A penman who is destined to achieve success is 
Jf. P. Zimmer, of Poughkeepsie, X. Y. He is en- 
gaged with the celebrated Eastman College, of which 
Clement C. Gaines is the efficient manager. There 
are also several other very excellent penmen in the 
institution, of which the majority of the profession 
are ignorant. Among them the veteran Geo. F. Da- 
vis, the big G. A. Rockwood, who tips the scales at 
about 250 pounds ; the suave Cuban, P. A. Ilurtado, 
who excels in ornamental penmanship of all kinds, 
especially pen drawing. 

Ulr. hi 

ve not made much of s 

lie workof Miss Anna AV.Nin 

Neb., will compare favorably 

Hello. Frank li. Davis, of Stanwood, la! Haven't 
you got tired of farming yet? You spent too much 
time in learning to write for you to forever bury 

your penmanship under the sod. Why don't you re- 
sume? , . , - e 
A U Taylor, the accurate writer, is thinking of 
going to California. D. H. Wil'i?™'. »f , "^^^S'^^' 
mav eo with liim. The botli of them will make a 
S^whTch will be hard '""=''[ v^"' rtlTev fre 
their work no matter where they locate, »s " ^J "^ 
very generous tor a 2.5 cent piece, and the quarter 
will have to follow them regularly. 

H. W. Kibbe. Utica. N. Y., is a genius, and a thor- 
oughly excellent penman in the broadest sense of the 
tirrn He is always getting up somethmg new for 
rteben"uot lea?nerl H.s sirles of alphabets are 
unique and original. 

What has become of "the Prince?" by wl;|»h ti- 
tle .1. Boss Edmiston is known. He is not much or 
a writer but he can make more money ata watering 
Dlace than any card writer that travels, lie is a 
peculiar fellow, but a thoroughly good one wll™ you 
ticcome acquainted, and it is refreshing to luve an 
hour's talk with him. 

The best writer in Boston is C. A. Burdett, who 
is at the head of a college. Burdett is the only pen- 
'man who can write bealitifiilly upside down. When 
he registers his name at a hotel he begins on the last 
letter^of his name-small t-=»nd ™ds up with the 
capital C, all bottom side up. How many ot the 
Sers of the O..ZETTE can <fo it so it can be read ,• 
He does nearly as well this way as the olbei. 

Some of the finest specimens pt nourishing ex- 
tant are those on the whTis of Soule's College. New 
Orleans, executed years ago by Montjoinery. tx- 
nert judges claim that they are ahead of J no. u. 
Williams' work. Speaking <■{ Williams, few know 
that the idea of the oblique holder owes its inception 
to him. He had a holder made of all apple tree bark 
and used it for years. Harvey A.. Spencer, they 
daim saw it, and set to work perfecting the present 
.Speucerian holder, from which he derives a very good 

... Packard and wife. New \ oik ; H. < . Spencer and 
wife, W. H. Sadler, Baltimore, lid.; l), !• . ,SniUh, 
Atchison Kan ■ L. L. Williiims and wife. Roches, 
ter N. Y.': C. Hayless and O. F. Williams, Bubuque. 
Iowa; Frank lioodmanXashviUe.renn.; ■'•t-'^us- 
tus Lindsbarg, Kan.; E. .1. Heeh, .lacksonville, HI.; 
A D -^N-ilt. Dayton. Ohio; E. H. Robins, Jackson- 
viile. 111.; Colonel Soule, New OHeans; Miss Susie V. 
Drown and Miss Lizzie Askew. .lacksonville, 111.; U. 
C. Wright, Brooklyn ; A. C. .Tennings, pes Moines; 
W S.Tucker, Indianapolis; S. H. Goodyear, Cedar 
Rapids; W. M. Rndman. Indianapolis; J. K dustus, 
Linsdbirg, Kan.; Miss May Cavanaugli Muskegon 
Mich.; J.T-. Wilson and wife, Chlcauo; Miss Emma 
Maluw, Detroit ; S. D. Mann, Fond dn Lac; O. I . De- 
land, Appleton, Wis.; Mrs. Mary E- Swayze. Muske- 
gon, Miili. ; W. R. Will, Baltimore, Md.; N. S. Beards- 
fey St. Paul, Minn.; C. Bayless, Dubuque. Iowa; W. 
A Drew, Elgin, 111.; W. 11. Lamson, Bridgeport. 
Among the Milwaukeeans in attendance are 11. c. 
Spencer, A. L. Gilbert, C. H Welsh II. B. U""""'". 
II M. Wilmot,and W. D. McDonald. ,Tho3. t. Hill. 
Chicago; O. P. Jurtd, Clinton, Iowa;^H A. Auraent, 
Sterling 111.; 11. M. Row and Jas. C. Williams. I'ltts- 
biirg'ttW. Elliott. Greeley, Col.; J . W. \\ elton 
Grand Rapids; Enoa Spencer, Louisville; Mr, and 
Mrs G W Rogers, New York; C. II. Pierce, Keo- 
kuk- -W. M. Carpenter, St. Louis ; A. J. Scarborough, 
H F Vogel .1. O. Cross, W. Bryant, J. R. Price. 
"'•icago°l'L.iSryant. Buffalo; O. P. Judd. Clinton, 

■ Mrs. A. D. Wilt, Dayton, O. 

The first morning session was devoted to organi- 
sation At the noon session addresses of welcome 
were made by Mayor Wallber, President Cliapiu, of 
the Chamber of Commerce, and Superintendent ^\ . 
E Anderson, of the public schools. In the evening 
• ■■ J 1, Dndle^ delivered an addiess on the 

I Mr. A. H. Hinman, of Worcester, M i 
interesting talk on the importance ol \r. 

< to become habituated to a clear and siiui 
writ ini£ letters. The best, wav to accoin, 
Taid, wa^ to develope their faculties of loriu. siw 
weight, order, imitation, ideality. conslructiveneM^ 
acquisitiveness. Iioue, lirmness. camion, concentra- 
tiveness, combativeness, friendship, exculiveneall 
and approbativeness. He very inReninusly adyanc~i 

Ideal Business Man. 


The Adonis of the fraternity appears regularly at 
the convention in the body of L. L. Burnett. of Prov- 
i lence U I Ed. is a live teacher and an excellent 
companion. The convention would hardy 
plete without him. Each year he vows ■■ Ihis is th, 
list time I am ooing to any penman's convention 
but e;ich coming year will see him in a dapper suit 
and better looking than ever. 

A very strong, muscular movement writer is J. 
M. Harkins. ot Calhoun. Oa. He is a liv ing 'llustra- 
tion that young people can acquire penmanship Dv 
coiiscientious self-practice, it they will procure good 
copies to imitate. 

It is a real pleasure to witness W. E. Dennis, ot 
New York City nourish. Swans, eagles and birds ot 
an kinds are secondnaturetohis nimble hand, ilie 
great beauty in bis work is the very strong and 
graceful outlines. 

E. M. Huntsinger of Packard's (N. Y. City) Col- 
lege is one of that sterling teacher's (A. II Hinman) 
pup Is and writes a beautiful professional hand. He 
IB an enthusiast on penmanship, but is held down as 
the imitation will tolerate only a strict business 
style He conforms to it and is very popular among 
the students, and imp.irls to them a thorough know - 
edeeof what is business writing. However, in his 
odd moments the old fever is with him and he invol- 
untarily cuts artistic strokes. 

G B Jones, of Rochester, N. Y., has studied pen- 
manship under more celebeated masters than prob- 
ably any one in this country. He first took lessons 
of Pratt, of Batavia. N. Y., an old. old timer ; then of 
Taylor of Rochester; not satisfied he went to Flick- 
in^er of Philadelphia, and toned up his plain work. 
Suencer. of Cleveland, showed him how to teach 
writing Kibbe, of Ulica, penwork in general, espec- 
ially lettering; Pierce, of Keokuk, thought he ought 
to acquire his method of movement, and .lones went 
to Pierce. Now he is on his own hook and we wish 
liiin success. 

Bu5inE3s educator? HggDEialion o' 

The second day the Pen„™'^;'iff''*.;°'y'f?"™'J 
if Worcester, 
iMiiiiaiisliin in 
I I 1 ;i .■.inflict 

and commenced work. D. I 

elected chairman. A. H. II 

Mass., read a paper on " 1 r;i 

Husiness Colleges." His ariiii 

of opinions relative to methoilM 11 i m ns i.muMi 

followed, quite a number ot tin- i-.turiiini^ miug in 
opp isilidn to his views, that more attention should 
be iiaidto form than to movement. Among lliose 
who replied to him were Col. Soule and Daniel 1. 
Ames Mr. llinmim acknowledged that a great 
Lny people had a good idea of form, but could not 

i' suffered fro 

many peopic unu n guuv ..^.... -. -— 
master the movement, and that toi 

^'"^At the regular morning session of the association 
live inners we.e read on the subji-ctof book-keeping. 
Homer Russell, of .loliet. gave some valliable views 
no ■' Hook-kei'DiiiE as a Brunch of Education.' 

The cloud; siate of the weather induced the teach- 
ers to abandon their intention of going to Mr. Spen- 
cer's lawn on Prospect avenue in the alteriioou ana 
thev again met in the Miller block. -Expert Ac- 
centing" was discussed. Enos Spencer of Louis- 
ville lectin the debate and was followed by H. t. 
Wright, ot Brooklyn; Col, Soule, of New Orleans; 
. \v \yelton, of Grand Rapids, and others. Mr. 
\VriKlit tliought that they should make theinselves 
the expert accountants of the country. Relative to 
joint stock companies, he said that it was not advis- 
able to nay out all profits at one time, but open an 
accoimt^or reserved profits, and d^Wt f '^f-^S 
stock. Col. Soule, in answer to a query, said Ihat 
expeiise always showed resource, md should be cred- 

"%obirTc"ipencer offered a resolutmn, which was 

adopted to appoint Messrs. Wright Enos, Spencer 

and"oule a committee to report at the next annual 

leeting suggestions, to corrections, business houses 

leeiiag oiiBbco — ov,.intivatn UeeoiniT. audit- 

arguments' how every one of these faculties could b( 
made a lever to advance pupils. 

TIIlltD DAY — TllUllSD.VY JlOUNlNr.. 

Prof. Chandler II. Peirce, of Keokuk. 1. 
the discussion of the Penmaiis' Section «ilii 
lowing subject: The AvplicaUm u' -'I"' 
Form Mr Peirce gave a most excelleiii is| 
of the whole matter. His scientific prescut;...... .. 

the subject, together with beautifully illustrated 
copies upon the board, won the highest praise fvonsr 
individual members and the general convention^ 
Prof Peirce is amost earnest and enthusiastic workers 
with the keenest sense of what constitutes the trueT 
teacher. We will not attempt in this issue to give • 
even a synopsis of the discusjion, but will promise 
full particulars in coming issues. 

Mr. Harkins. of .Minneapolis Minn. afte. ...... 

troduction by Prof. Hinraan. spoke on the sub ect of 
•■Thelnfiuence of the Teacher over the scliolar. 
I after which discussions ot five minutes dural ion were 
I in order, in which several prominent members partic- - 


The early part of the afternoon was devoted to in-", 
spection of the lieautiful grounds of R. C. SpencerA 
and photographs of the assemblage were taken. aftetJ 
which the meeting was called to order. * 


At the opening of the regular session, Mr. 11 U.j 
Spencer, of Washington, made a feyv supplementary 
remarks on the new Spencerian alphabet wliidi has 
received the sanction of a majority ot lilty pi'iiinan. 
He showed the advantages ot abbreyiiition in lea\- 
inffoff curves and flourishes without detorioiatiiig. 
from llie legibility ot the writing The penmen, h«l 
said, had not approved another style, which was stilH 
more abbreviated, „ ,, , , .. , ^ 

\ discussion in bookkeeping followed, m whlcn 
Mr. Packard. Mr. Soule and Mr. Wright took part 
The speakers differed is to the best terms that shouW 
be applied to the different accounts. Mr. PaoMM 
and Mr. Soule advocating the use of words with j 
meaning, and Mr. Wright being in favor of arbitral; 


JULY mill TU23D, 1887, 

Before the last session ot the above meeting will 
be held, the Gazette will be out with a brief report 
of the entire proceedings up to the last session for 
every member to take along on his homewara J™'; 
ney The editor found it impossible to attend before 
the third day, but that and the fourth was spent in 

"''we?iJ''™H""-li li'sr'f the attendance as far as 
weconul ..pi il il iln^ mily date, but we fear one- 
iviif of til." II nil. - 'it 111! iiii'sent will be omitted, as it 

wasiraii.isMi'il. t 1 llii-m all The meeting was 

conducti-.l 1,1 II Miii^ii .1 manner, and every one pres- 

™ 'IMie'iii.'. lllp'^ "inn'.-.l' at the Spencerian College. 
Among til,. ilpfHi^i.te. wore: D T. Ames and wife. 
New Y'ork; G. W. Brown. .lacksonville. 111.; C. C. 
Curtis. Minneanohs, Minn.; 1-. A. Gray, Portkmd, 
Maine- A. U. Hinman. Worcester, Mass.; W. E. Mc- 
Cord New Y'ork ; A. S. Osborne, Buffalo, N. Y.; S. 

meeting suggestions, io coiiciji.iuu.'. "".^-"^ — — ■ .- 
™nd financial institutions relative to keeping, audit 
■ Kperting accounts. 
An animated discussion then arose over the sub- 
iect of •■ Bookkeeping-Lahor Saving 1 ornis. Jlr. 
Cos1penc°er begai; 1,^. in. tliat '^ors-aviog forms 

:'i^Mlo^«f bv Ml' .: U; ' a'^S?^, Mr. 
B wnM? Bayless in, 1 .\1 1 . How, of Pittsburg. The 
al?ei said iiiat they should seek to enable a young 
nan to keep any set ot books, as a great many busi- 
ness men object to having college graduates come ir 
and suggest innovations. 

IMPRO^TSD systems. 

Mr. Enos Spencer thought that if any such a grad 
uate made improvements in the fys'em in vogue 
anvwhere they would be accepted readily enough. 
Mr Goodyear said that be told Viis pupils th^t P/'n- 
ciples in book-keeping were unchanging, hut that 
forms were infinite. .^rrx ^ 

IraMayhew, of Detroit, read a paper on -The 

Ethical Aspects of B"*-"™ 1''"?;^ ,,i"fi„f i^nj^rt 
science of accoun's, as .a matter ot d'scipine ranked 
among the fine arts, and a new cliiiu embracing tins 
science should be added to the curriculum otbome 
of our schools. "Book-keeping cultivates the judi- 
cial powers of the mind. It quickens and strength- 
ens t be love of justice and promotes fair dealing 
•iiiongmen. It iontributcs to public and private 
V rtue- it leadsto economy and thrift in public and 
nrivate Us general study will reduce pauper; 
ism and crime and promote frugality and virtue. 
Messrs. E. Spencer and B.iyless concurred m what 
the essayist said. 

■Mr Williams spoke on commercial law and ils re- 
lation'to business. He said that bookkeeping and 

■nmanship should be let down and commercial law 
^.ialted. He did not want to disparage the gooci 
done bv the Spencers, hut a man to do business CO 
reclly must know the law governing business tra, 
actions in preference to writing beautilul lettorg. , 
Geo. Peck made a humorous speech on his expen 
ence as a country editor, creating .niufh amiisemfi 
bv some of his typical fun. He said that he kept i 
accounts on shingles, and every time » f"™^ 
brought in a bag of potatoes or some but ter, heralle 

■ square for a year's subscription and burned thi 
.espective shingle. He engaged a bookkeeper one 
to straighten matters out, when he learned to Wi 
great joy that he was worth 8:i.000 due on old at 
counts. He instructed him to collect ?.M, and JftJ 
Peck was afraid that he had succeeded, as he neve 

^^A't'this^pmnt Mr. Packard stepped up and shooW 
hands with the humorist, when someone in the len" 
said that he had found his old bookkeeper. 

The evening was devoted to a lecture by Mr. Jonn 

a, ot Milwaukee, on " Banking." 

rOtlRTlI day — FnlDAY M011N1> 

In the Penmans' Section Mr. II. P. Chicken spoM 

■•Teaching Penmanship Iroin the Blackboards' 

B was followed by C. C. Curliss. A heated dlscuii 

jn took place, whether in movement exercises, UK 

small i or o the fingers were used in the making t 

?l"eiornot; and it was finally settled by a unan 

mous vote that the combined action of the Bngeu 

and forearm were the best. C. T. Smith, of AtohB 

son. Kas.. and II. C. Spencer, followed. ' 

^f... C., A 4itanr>er of A\ ashlUCtO 

in, Kas., anu 11. ^. ^peiitiri, iv/.i""v... 
Mrs. Sarah A. Spencer, of ^\ ashington, read a pape) 
** Language." , . „ et ..-i 

H. D. Goodwin followed with a paper on Short 
hand and Typewriting." 

In the Shorthand Section "The Electric svste 
Shorthand"wa3 discussed bv.l.G.l-hos.s. lit i luc-f-M 
the author. Mr. Wright, of JtiL""'"; .i-;'''^J'1,,"Piy 
nation of the stenosraph, and Mr. White, ot t hicagoj- 

''"^^"Sacronlin'u'Js' devoted to a drive to WhHj 
fish Bay, whRh vvr di.l not attend as we Jesired I 
get back to chRnu'" t.. place our report m the hanq 
iFlhe printer. We jus't received inlo™f ■"''J^'f 
egraph that our friend. Prof. A. H. "'nman, J 
Worcester, Mass., met with a serious »« dent 1 
falling out of the omnibus on the homeward tnpfr 
the Bay and that he sustained f,"""^, '"''iS„' 

"' r^t\^S^r{^^ university W 
ter N. Y.,was elected the next P'e?'<>eut. late !• rial 
night, after which the meeting adjourned «n« djfcj 

Leg^ong in Floupighing. 



"Make the next short find sweet." These ringing words were shot straight at us by the i'a of the 
Ca/.fttk You may think he meant for us to use more soda and Dixie cane-juice in the next peach pi" "'" 
send him. That is not it. Did you read what he said^at the bottom of p^gre 22 
We enjoyed the work so much that "" '"" -—=•-'-'-'= •• * 


"impossible to find timeto"ring off,*' and thus the good editor 
uffer and sweat. lie wants this lesson "sAtwi a7id *wec( " ' "* ~" " ' " 

I No. 1. please Hello! Is that the Gazette? 

Let^me-see; well, here goes, 

vfivc mo -.« I uicooc .»:^..«. .-. w— ■ Good; I'm glad they like the lesson. I 

have'received^about fifty letters of 'congratulation since your last issue. We have our teleph- 

ice-chest. (.'ool.are you? Happy thoughtl Tell the pupils if they "— —"• *'- «— -- 

lesson one, they may go at copy No. 6. 

. make the five exercises in 

lloll up your slpeves and go at it as tliough you mean bmlmss. Knock out strokes as directed by 
Indian relics, striking llie hmg one first, making ihe smaller ones parallel as they come m order Make 
all the strokes above the centre before going below. .Keep your lingers out of the ink! i ractice this 
copy until you are at least familiar with the position of each stroke. Compare your work with copy ; hnd 
your faults and try to avoid them in the next. 

The first part of cut No. 7, 

and BiibB. 

J. B. Gruff. Rlverlon, N. J., uBtcems the Oasbtte a valpablo 
nddtttoD to pen-art. 

.Tny M- Bngbeo, Perndalc, Ual.. Bftye our jiapor has won bis ad- 
miration. His writing is Admirable. 

Q. W. Wallace, a sliident of W. J. Kinsley, Shcnaudoati, Iowa 
of nourishing which show 
ho wag only three nionthti 
euccessnil career. 
E. L. Browne, Drockport, Me., writes a flue band, and In send- 
ing n Bub. of a ftiund eays the promiums wero received lu good 
ehapc, and thinlts them alone worUi the subs, price. Your paper is 
brim full of good things, and U destined to become one of the lead- 
ini; pennmn'fl papers in America. It contains no dull reading and 
worn out designs, but can boast of brlghtneBS and orlKluallly. 

J , B. Dnvis, New York City, subscription and well written leltcr. 
Olof Nordwall, Omuha, Wob., subscription and well wrltnni 

Will you BUhscrlbe for the GabrttbT Ofcoiirsel will saya A. 
B. Kftthamlre, in a well written letter from Mnucheeter, N. Y. 

J. J. nogen, Ilalstead, Minn., sends bis 8iiti». n iili a very neat 

N H BnnrdKl-'y, St Paul, Minn., a well written letter and de- 

.\ < \\ I ii[i, Niir-iiMllu, Teun., in a line letier snys: I found 
mil' (i lu ii.hiiin ni ilii )i.\7.ETTB. 1 especially like the stHDd yon 
huM' iiiki II ngiiioHi ilihhuuesty and humbuggery In the profcseion. 
Were otlK-r paperti as outspoken against wrong dealing and ftand 
H8has bci-n the (Jakette, it would have a purifying InJluenco in 
ihe rankH of our noble calling. He encloaes four subscribers and 
sends his ^od wishts und promises something for our pages soon. 
Thanke, Bro. Webb ; we arc in the deld to make rogues tremble, 
and to wlu Ihe friendship of all honorable members of our profes- 
sion. Our readers may expect Bomclhing grand from Bro. Webb; 

JolinF. Bril.y, I n-nr, M.-> . =''tirls ii» ihc l!i"p"t oi-y "f our last 
leeeou in pen rlr;.!'. m^ • -ir-.i i,F.-i..| (IT i)v I in. 'I- \\i- ntliTod. lie 

If enlarged about 35G times, would remind the theatre-goer of the plume of the average hat worn on sucl 
occasions. Make the long center stroke hrst. then the curves below. Now comes the "gingerbread 
between the strokes. Be careful and keep the lines from running into each other._ liy " ''**''^ «^.-it..i 
practice you can sweeten >( 

After the ink on the work just finished 

The scroll in copy No. 7 is a regular heart^smasher, and the boy who can take an autograph album and 
nourish such adesign will stand before all the girls as the "Jim Dandy " of the town. Therefore, nour- 
ishing is an art I , .„ ^ . 

Heiiol AVhat? Yes. the aligator is safe and undergoing a rigid muscular training, and will start 

for the Gazette's sanctum. No, don't get nervous, he will be muzzled. Good bye. 

Just lOF Fui^. 

Wo publish a small list of c 
me of our friends will take otTc 
irm words of encouragement w 
wish to show to the few who i 

; rrionds. Wo hope 
; for parading In cold type the 
ave received from their bauds. 
still behind the fence, that lu 
lid come to the front and con- 
tribute their mite to the support of the Ideal peumun's paper. 
Were wc to publish all letters and comments received it would oc- 
cupy a fnll number of the Qazettb. Wc make a few extracts from 
muny. Those who arc omitted will oblige us by considering it not 
HB if we did not feel onrsolveu as much nndcr obligations to them 
as to others, but because It would be Impossible to announce every 
month every letter and compliment and eube. received, Wc are 
gntteful for amall favors, ae well as for the larger ones, aud we wish 
wcconld picaicyon all and show our gratldcation in that way; but 
we know It is Impossible ; bo, pardon us, kind friends, for our mis- 
takes. If we t^e guilty of any. Talk about well written Icttcra. 
Every visitor to our ofllce grabs for V. W. II. Wleeeliah's letleis. 
They show grace, beauty, etronjjth, and flueeHce of execution, a 
style original n lUclf that arouses the udmiralion of all lovers of ar- 
writing. Wlesehiilin stands as a peer iu the profc 


L. Mm 

;, New York. 

II MadaTas/.'s writing! 

if Jacksonville, 111.— Thinks we 

Bro. G. W. ] 

S. K. laaacB. Our readers know who Isaacs Is and know he 
n write, butwc like a letter like the one with the bullion for 68 
bs. That strikes us. 

Mary Ann, alias C. II. Pierce, writes short love letters, but 
oy cover lots of ground. 

f the kids t 

; great for 

i promises 

C, P. Zauer, Columbus, 0., Is one i 
Ihere fust. Charles aays we give more 
paper iu the country: be sends a sub. 
more soon. Thanks for your design. 

n. J. Williamson, publisher of tho Wrilttig Teacher. Well 
written letter, and subs, of one of bU scholars. He says the Ga- 
KETTK is simply Immense and he likes the way we go at things. 

W. N. Ferris, Big Rapids, Mich,, sends subscription with a well 
writlen letier. 

M. C. Clark, Erie, Pft., sends us an Invitotion to the convention 
which we were sorry to decline. 

C. Hemmelman, Portland, Iowa, subs, end specimen of ant pen 
work and letter, soying the Gacbtte Is the befll of its kind he has 
yet seen. 

Ralph W. Wood, New York City. Well written letter and sub- 

R. S. Bonsall, B, AS. CoU.,Bt. Louis, Mo. Well written let- 
ter, and promise of a lesson for some future number of the Ga 

C. N. Crandle, Nashville, Tcnn., writes us often enough, hut he 
never sent UB that peck of peaches he promised us three months 
ago; hurry 'em up. 

J. F. Whiteleather, Fort Wayne, Ind., subscription with a 
splendid letter. 

J. P. McdBger, Jacob'a Creek, Pa., puts It: "Boom the conven 
tions; expose the rascals. Youre for prohibition." 

N. L. Uickok, East Somcrville, Mass^ sent us a pen sketch of 
one who doea not belong to the new party ; it may appear in 
some future number. It is " taken from life." Alao, a few grace- 
ful tlourlsbCB. 

The Ga! 

■. (iuint 

well \ 


R. F. StoU soys the anxiety with which he awaits the Jnly 
Gazette causes the perspiration to appear on his forehead. Keep 
cool, boys; keep cool and wait, 

A. K. Bush, Chenoa, III., says; "Paper and premiums received. 
The premiums arc perfection and ihe paper speaks for itself." 

K. Lcfllngwell, Greenville, III,, well written letter and sub. 

John Kelley, Manitowoc, Wis., subs, and humorous sketch on 
sumo uoied penmen. (Don't kill 'em off; give them a chiiuco o 

D. L. Stoddard, 1 


Smporia, Kansas, says: " QAXKVtE is immense, 
tukfsthe leadof liny 6Vjir^(e he ever saw. Police Gazette la no- 
where. Tin hopuM tho Gazktte will reach a circulation of 7,87U, 
Me,7tW, 104. ',i:>S,Tti8,4^.Tiir),H04.a 18.71)7,877,7/7." Now WO don't mind 
gutting Ihut circulation, but when we reudabnut the PoUce Gazette 
being nowhere m comparison to our Qazettb, wo called onr oDSco 
boy to fun us; it was a warm day, but it must be getting terrible 
warm if the Police Gazette is left In tho shade. Now. boys, don't 
compare our Gazette with the Police Oazetle. Because we ex- 
posed a littlo rascality we don't expect to make that^ epeclalty. 
No, no; why, the ideal We did not think penmen know any- 
thing about the Police Gazette/ Bro. S. mast have accidentally 
lienrd about il ; wo don't think he ever compared ihc papers. No 
penman should read tho Police Gazette, much less compare it to 

J. W- Sloakee, Milan, Ohio, in sending copy for his adv. wishes 
ne cnccess. and thinks onr Urst number Is a guarantee; he also 
sent us (wo beautiful mottoes, "Home, Sweet Home," and "Rock 
of At,"?s," us haudsomely executed with the automatic ehading pen 
as ever we saw anything of the kind. Thanks, Bro. Stoakcs. 

II, W Miller, Brooks Grove, N. Y., says: "He Is glad we are 
not afraid of ihat person called W. W. Bennett." Ho says wo 
ought to protect tho readers of our paper, and ho is reody to tako 
an oath that Bennett defrauded him. We will say right here, that 
we do not fear Bennett nor any other ecamp ; and If ever ony reader 
of our paper furnishes us evidence that any of our advertisers arc 
not living up to their promises we will expose them and bar their 
advertiaenieut tiom our columns. Wc mean what we say. Wo 
know C. P. Zaner sent Bennett money recently for which he never 
received anything in return. Now, hoys, don't send any money to 
any penman who '?"?* uoi O'lverlii'e. As soon as he drops his nrfo. 

stop sending hlni m y mil- " yim kuow he is honest; othorrtieo 

send only to pccjtn 'H uii>i nn iiih< Tillers. A good penman has al- 
ways enough mi. 11. J- (..r II i>i 11 iiV paper. Dou't waate time aud 

money on such wlii> un.- not ailvi.THMiiig their work. 

Q. Bixler, Wooster, Ohio, sends a subscription of a friend and a 
promise of a club; in sending hia manuscript hi says: "The Qa- 
zettb does uot adhere to old fogy ideas so tenaciously as do older 
journals; consequently It is tho paper of to-day," 

Clarence Lakeman, Perryville. Ind., In sending in his subs, 
says he hopes he is in time for the Jnly Qazbttb. He intended 
to send his subscription sooner but neglected to do so. Now, hoys, 
it isnever too late to mend. We known groat many more are doing 
Just the same thing, putting II oQ' from one day to the other. Now, 
don't put it off another day. When you read this send In your 
subs, at once. You will help us by eo doing and relieve yourself of 
the task of putting it oft' from day to day. 

Perry J. Johnson, Dassel, Minn., says: "Sample copy of Ga- 


Would subscribe for the Qazbttb if I had the "Chink." " 
I cannot do It juat now, however. Now, wo will say, all such boys 
who would devote their Fourth of July to writing to the editor of a 
penman's paper, are surely more in love with the Uazbttk than 
with the firecracker, and we think wo could uot lose anything by 
trusting such young men until they have the "chink." We want 
to treat you s<xuBre, and though we prefer cash lu advance, where- 

evL-r B poor, hard-workJag boy (and we receive dozens of l('tler§ 
similar to the above) wants our paper ne will ecnd It nntll he can 
afford to remit, We don't expect to be swindled, bocaaee onr price 
1b ho email that if any one wishes to become a swindler ou accoant 

Now we must slop making any more qnotatlons, bnl wo will 
mention a few more names. To nieiition all would bo Tar above 
what our space will permit. W. F. Roth. Mannheim, Ta.; ti. U. 
Forbes, Altooua, Pa.; A. N. Palmer, Cedar Ituplde, lown ; J. S. 
nummer, Clinton Co., Ind., letter and subs.; M. A. Richardson, 
Milton Jet,, Wie.; J. F. Kultna, Canal Dover, 0.; W. S. Graham, 
Byron. Neb.; D. P. Drawbaugh, Ncwvllle, Pa.; B. P. Pickens, 
Mooreville, Tcnn. ; C. M. Weiner. S. Wbilelcy, Ind, ; Geo, Drought, 
ChadwldtMillB. N. Y,;C. H. VolPtad, Lyle, Mlt.n.; O. Barnhurt, 
Gnlnea, Pa.; B. W. Howard. Leadvillo, Col.; J. C. McGavery, 
Farroington. N, Y.; W. M. Mautiry, Naehville, Tenn. ; A.R, Carter, 
Unrlford, Conn. ; J. E. Patkor, Covington, Pa.; Leon Lake, Plua»- 
antvillc, N. J.; W. K. Troslle, Kiugeley, Iowa; T. J. Wileoii, 
Riddles, Oregon; .fay Borgraon, Fort Madison, Iowa; II. D. Hol- 
comb, Cleveland. Ohio; B.O. Clark, Garden Plains, KansaB; .1.11- 
Wrigbt. Lonedalc; It. I.; Christie O'Brien, St. Loni», Mo., ecnd the 
best of busiucss letters with their aubscriptioQB we could pick 
from our lot. Other letters, not so well written yet worthy of 
notice, come from B C. Bachart, Cantou, Ohio; F. C. Smith, 
GIndwio. Mich.; P. T. Steltse, Pottslown, Pa.; Geo. C. Lniigdill, 
Mlllford. N. H.; Oscar O. Mead, Vermoutville, Mich.; CM. Prior, 
S. Evanston.III,; W. W. Desmond, Town or Lake, 111.; Q.F.Stice, 
Swan Creek, 111.; E. F. Schott, Etua, Pa.; P. Slagh, Avelon, Mo.; 
W. D. Showaltcr, W. Union, Va,; I. P. Kelcham, Madison, Wis.; 
F. L. Nichols, Momeuce, 111.; U. A. Vau Dyck, Banneivillc, N. Y.; 
F. W. Tyler. Ledger, N. C; Fred C. Dcmont, Freeport, Me.; K. 
B. Krneger, Michigan City. lud.; A. E. Collins. Lowell, Masi<.; A- 
A. ColllnB , Carthage, N. Y; B. E. Bckcn, Schenectady, 74. Y. 
Charlie Bower, WoshinRtou Ml!l«, N. Y.; L. W. Thornbnrgh, Ha- 
tjeretown, N. Y. Hundreds of well written requeats for sample 
copies were received, but we do no; feel oureclves in dnty bound to 
r.olice them. Out paper is too valuabte to be devoted to flnttcrini; 
every one bL'fore he subscrbcs. Wc aim to give ]00 cts. on the 
dollar and no lafly thrown in. 

BEPgmann's Per; Guide. 

We wish to call the attention of tearliers of pen- 
manship to Dergmann's Pen Guide. ^Ve don't be- 
lieve in putting anybody In harness while practicioc 
penmanship, but we think as an aid to acquiring a 

food movement the Guide will be of great service, 
t will make the student keep onthealert.or he will 
find out quicker than it can be told him, if he is out 
of position. "We hope it will meet with success. 

OuF BupplEment. 


uipplement is engraved from a 02x4(i inch 
drawing, which was executed by us at our oltice. It 
contains a variety of lettering, floral work, and two 
styles of portrait work. 

The Kev. Holmes, who was a proprietor of a busi- 
ness college and teacher of penmanship away back 
in ISGVI. paid us a high compliment on our work and 
favored us with a fine letter of recommendation. 
The portraits are considered excellent likenesses of 
both parties. We had it engraved at a large expense, 
because we think it will prove a great aidtoleai'n- 
ers and we will try to prove that artistic enyrossing 
can be done witliout embellishing it with flour ishinij. 
Next month we will print an elaborate set of resolu- 
tions, at which we are now working We are not 
addicted to blo^viIlg, but we do say if we live twenty 
years longer we expect to do work equal to that of 
our great artists. It may not be as perfect as it 
should be, but we are only a boy vet and we are 
learning every day. Trof. Chas. P. Zantr, of Colum- 
bus, Ohio, whose design appears elsewhere, is an- 
other one of the boys, and he is a dandy. 


The N. I. Normal School carries off the palm this 
mouth. IJro. Isaacs illustrated on the blackboard tlie 
smile wliich would cover our countenance when we 
would receive his club; but we beat the record, or 
ratlier the illustration, a club of 68— these warm 
days will cause any editor to smile and bear it. 
Thanks. Uro. Isaacs, for your noble work. W. M. 
Ctinningham, Ripley, Kansas, comes with 14. F. L. 
Hammer. Jr.. 11; Christie O'Brien, 7, from St. Louis. 
A. C. Webb, Nashville, Tenn.. 4. J. A. Reis. Evan- 
ston, 9. J. C. Young, Michigan City, a club of 5, and 
numerous smaller clubs were received. Let the 
good work go on. Try every one to send us a club; 
if it is only a friend or two it will help us. ,We will 

Sve every one sending a club of 10 subs., at 50 cts.. a 
o. 1 Gem Self-Inking Rubber Stump, with name 
and address free. Every one who sends us a club of 
100 between now and Jan. 1, 188S, will receive free of 
charge a cut similar to ours on the lirst page. Re- 
memoer you can get a cut of yourself by sending in 
a club of 100 between now and Jan. ]. Send them 
from 1 to 10 at a time, and it will be credited you 
until the hundred is full. We expect to see some of 
the boys try hard now. We will publish the portrait 
of every one we make; so, if you are interested in 
penmanship, if you are a wideawake teacher, you 
should be able to raise a club of 100 between now and 
Jan. 1. You can do it. AVe want to be clubbed 
regularly— and we pay liberally for a clubbing. 








Will find it to their interest to write to us for estimates. 

We can furnish cuts of Buildings, Interior Scenes, Portraits, Headings for Papers, Diplomas, 
Certificates, etc., etc. 

desiring large display specimens-auything but flourishing will find it to their advantage 
to write to us early to be ready for the fairs this fall. A few ol our large line 
drawings, such as Eagles, Deers, etc., executed on 3x6 feet Draw- 
ing Boards, took Premiums at fairs in Iowa, Missouri, 
and Pennsylvania last year. 

* for a few for 



This is made a specialty in our office; we can guarantee GOOD WORKMANSHIP, 
REASONABLE PRICES, NEW and ORIGINAL DESIGNS, executed in the highest 
style of the Art. 

Our work in this city, during the last six months, is proof of the entire satisfaction 
which our work gives in every instance. 

We can refer to the following few for whom we have Engrossed Resolutions, averag- 
ing $50.00 a piece:— 

J. T. RIC-IIAKDM, of Dearborn I,oilge. A. a F. M.. a Net of Itof^olntioiiM on the death ofXath"! 4,iool<l. 
K. r. VKTCHELL. Sec'y Chlrajco Keal Estate Board, a Memorial Album, 

«e:N. I.VON FO»T. U. A R.. ResoiutloiiB on the death of <<;en. liOcan. 

GOLDEN RVLK LODUE A. O. V. W., Rexolutlona on the death of Kieliard Farrell 
COURT A.MNVNCIATIOV I O C » Reaointlons on the death of Rev. P. H Xoonan 

B9IPI.OVEF,8, CHICAGO TFLEPHOHE CO ReMOlntionB on the death of Albert C. Holland. 
U. & P. O. OF ELHS Kesolnttons ofTkinks for J. H. HeVicker, K411. 
REV n U HOLHES Pastor Winter Mtreet, 91. E. Church 
Niiniproua other aiierimpne rex llatourottl t at r n ed fr 11 $.i.(KUo gi'.-llO. 
t*" Si'iul lis co|.y for CBtliiiato il con n ont call o UB or 11 9 (1 plioto.ongraved apccimeiia of ourworkon apiiliculi.tii 

SlU'll AS 






We submit a few speci- 

tsr- PORTRAITS IN STIPPLE A SPF.CIAXTV.-lut lik..- onr» on flret imji.. fiiniiBlK.d lor • 
Orders must be aecompanied with CaHli for full amount, or oue-lialf with order, balanc 

H. F. VOGEl, McVicker's Building, Chicago, Illinois. 



pagep, brimfnl and ovornowinc with lightning mcllioila nil 

how to ctlose bookM i 

ebort road ti 

i-xhibitini: s 
~ ■ » ki 

lUld dl( 

ijpcrienced o 
r u)aex to opptni 
.< ('vtrythlnE. a r 

Sweet cadence of a 
merit . ■ 


p. A. "WRIGHT, Author and Publisher, 769 Broadway, N. Y. 




the pen— niot rriiilnt. Ev.rv i;ivcs pt-rrecl ^atisfa 

A. If" El IB Xj E K/ .: 


heiiie pleoai^d. 

lint; ii, if you are not eutfHat.-d with your 

If y. 
will rcc( 

i^^^^^^^H^xs x*r x*osj9x:^XjX3 's^a^t^mmmm^^^ 

YcB. I Hill send yon a set of capllule n tlonrieh, a epecimen of plain writing, and your name e!eL;uni 
ly written on b\x cards— all for tbruL- eilvcr dimes and a U- K, red etamp. 

- xaopj-'O? lymj-A-ir^ 

Hut scud your order as aoonns yon read ihi-. and get your order by return mail. Address plainly. 

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Now iHe*! IM all the llest Penmon in the i; ;« 

2 pen itself always a 

e projier angle gf the letter, when by the nso of the alriiight holdei 
get the right inclination. In placini; the pt-n in 
e point on a line with the center of tlie siici 
writing. Tfie fable should always be on the Itft hand aid, 

"'"' ^ "'"^'^^.^^'nuae by profosBlonal penmen and teacher*", and for off-hand 

,„„« ..„, ..__...__ etioaled. It i« the only kind used by 

, three far 30 cents. Agents wanted, 

H. F. VOGEL, McVicker's Building, Chicago. 

"The Western Penman" 


Devoted • S^Qlcisively ^ to 

Ii of I'e 

AmouK other tbingi 
cular movement «Titlag by tlie editor and variona 
prominent members of the profeesion. 

The most interestiag, practical and conipre- 
hcnnive course of Loaeons in Pen Drawing that 
have ever been published are now being given 
through Its colnmns by Prof. A. C. Webb, whose 


md boaiitlAiI pen-drawlnj 
ich aticntlou of late. 

A conrse of Pen Lettering ie also being given 1 
IlBCOluiuns by Prof. C. N. Cmndlu, formerly e 
ilor of tbe " Penman and Artist." 

Pull-pBge lllnstratlone of Pen Drawing are 
leading ffaluro. The originals of some of thei 
drawings have been gotten up at great exponi 

The paper boa many other interesting featun 
which are appreciated by iie suliscrlbera. 

Sample cojiy of this beanllfnl paper will be eei 
to B'ly address upon receipt of six (li) cents 1 

Goodyear & Palmer, 



Commercial Department. 



PenmanshipandPen Art. 

The second Issne will be out Sept. Ist. 
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The next IsBUC will bo a SO-pago Journal. 
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It. Ifyi 
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of it all 

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Send 2-ccnt stamp for lopeon In rapid calcula- 
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\ ■ \\ rnn. Nashville, Tenn. If you don'l 

t; or thirty cents for an original 

1. . ri, 111., il We make fine Pen Portralte, 

^ a\:. n'EBB, TVaNhvllle, Tenn. 



At last, We Have It! 

Harmon's Pure Rubber Finger 
Shield for Pen Holders and Pencils. 

The best aid to good writing ever 

ON THE HOLDER and eases the fin- 
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It prevents the fingers from be- 
coming smeared with ink: in fact, 
no holder is complete without it. 

Try this Shield on the obiigue 
holder; it works admirably. 

By arrangements with the manu- 
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the following very liberal offers: 

1 Shield Bnd Obliqiiu Holders (the "Idv.»l" 


shield and 1 Spt of Capitala 

I Shield and 1 Dozen BuBt I'L'jiB 

J. MANZ & CO., 


217-225 Dearborn SI,, 

OpIioBlte Pi,Bt Onice, VIII4'.\«.U. 



Engraving, and Zinc Etcliing, 

We make a specialty of Ej, 
Ing Specimetis of 'Pen V/ork. 
for estimates. 

Money refunded if not satisfac- 
tory. Address, 

J. O. I5.1V.AJRI», 

McVicker's Building, Chicago, III. 



h'ljesin Northern Ohi 

Drafiinc Dcjiarimcn' 
', Penmanship. C'omn 
■Lupondence, I.ightni 

Mnsic, vocal and instruineutal, Alpebrn, Gcometrv, Uln'toric, Mcclinulcal and Architectural Drawing 
Ciiciilnr« Tree. Address CATON. UORSI^ISk &. l>l^\*;.\^'. Cleveland or Toledo. O- 


The f Penman's $ Art $ Gazette. 

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Oa receipt of price or C, O. D. at the sei 
tl6n|Wewlll mail or eeod by express a 


apiece, T 


"ens.aoc. "a L-rose. 1 ^ 

per 100. $2,50 

Superior India Ink. Wo have a superlgr article 
)rt- a stick; it wilt last alllotimc. 
India Ink tra^ , 75 ceiite. 
Prepared India Ink, 60c. per bottle. 
WortliiDcton'e Artist's Ink, H dozen bottles by 

New Compendli 

Bristol lloiirds. JJ.xJS, 15c. ; HriBtol Boards, extra, 
Pmwioc Pi 


order for 

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' ' e aniongi 
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illons, but 

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irders promptly. Write for particu- 

eiot of flr«l order for $5 or over, will 

SelMnkins Rubber Stamn. with 

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gnaroDt^od ( 

Chicago, III, 

This beautiful and htglily-entertainlng Maganino 
is an outcrowlh of the Psnmah's Gazbtte, one of 
the oldest, brli>htest and best known lournals iu 
the field of penniai 

t shim 

with n 

I bril- 

liancy In Ihe spheres or literature. It does not 
»'eek to clamber np the utecps ol classic art, leav- 
ing penmanship In the foot-hills, hut endeavors at 
nil times to " boost " this queen of arts up to the 
lop rail where she properly belong?. Shorthand 
is amply treated in Us columns by Prof. W. D. 
Bridge. Frank Beard tells ^nd illustrates sonvc- 
thing in each Utue which is by no means dismal 
or tcar-compclllng. Each number coutalus a 
frontispiece portrait of some distinguished man, 
with short biographical flketch. The idiior is not 
as sad as Walt Whitman, but Iherc in a vein of 
pathos permeating hia editorials which always 
brings a briny moisture lo ihe reader's eye, there- 
by keeping the lachrymal glands in perfect work- 
ing order, and preventing un Bccnmnlatiouofdnst 

Now. If you wish to test the candor of tbc state- 
ments mode in its favor, Just inclose ttn cmtt for 
a sample copy and special dtscounis lo clubs, and 
we will send you a semi globnlitr wad of the rich- 
est literary morsel to be found in the inaikets. 
Or send one liollar, oud be entertained and in- 
formed for one year 

Address, THEC. A. GASKELL CO., 
79 Wabash Ave,. Chicago, III. 

Mrntion t/tia paper. 4-tf 

i - ry liberal patrc 

Reduced Rate ol Tuition! 

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luartcr. To work without these (or sin 

information re* 

For ail supplies ai 

gardlng ihe College, f. 



Of Testimonial and Memorial Resolutions, prc- 
parini; drawings of every description for I'lioto- 
engraving and Photo-lithography n specialty. 

^?~ Estimates and samples of work furnished 
upon application. 

^^Instruction iu Penmanship, Individual or 
to classes. C. L. KICHETTK. 

Artistic Penman and Teacher, 
Central Music Hall, Chicago. 


Specimens of Off-hand Flourish- 
ing sent on receipt of 24 one-cent 


Col. Bus. College. Columbus, Ohio. 

3end etamp for Price List. 



Pens, T Hqnan-s, Rules, Drafting Inks, Di- 
viders, Pliulo Kugravint; InkP. Papers, 
, Bristol Boanls, Cravoni', Mtitbematical In- 
ArtisTs' Miiiuriiils of every 



Is In the broadest sense an exponent of practi- 
cal education, sctaool-made and home-made, and 
is the reprcscutntivc Journal of the writing pro- 

The Journal is now in its eleventh year. It has 
a wider reach than ever before, and its monthly 
output Is more varied, entertaining, whoUcinne, 
instructive and generHlly valuable Seviml ii,w 
features have lately been added. One of Uiem if 
the printing each month of the portrait, rucf iinlle 
engraving of autograph letter and biogni pineal 
sketch of some representative American I'eitman. 
Auother interesting annex to the Journal currlca- 
luni is tlic department of shorthand writing, Iu 
charge of Mrs. S. S. Packard. 

The person who buys the Jourual for this year 
of our Lord, II^T, will get more for bis dollar thon 
ever, and that fs saying a good deal. It has, how- 
ever, the conspicuous merit of truth, which ono 
docs not always find in newspaper annouoco- 

If you arc a Penman, yon already know tbu 
Journal. If yon are not a Penman and want to 
he, the first thing yon should do is, get in the 
Journal's list at once. The price is One Dollar a 
year, with line premium. Ten cents will buy a 

D. T. AMES, Ed. and Prop., 

9»).» Rroadnay. K. V. 

>llc Shading Pen, in the n 
or 10 cents he will send you .. specimen of his 
narvelous Shaded Back hand Writing and Aiilom- 
illc Shaded Pen Work. The sample is worth 
nany limes the cost as a specimen for your scrap 


3«S1 Langlc} Ave.. <llltACO, II.Ii 


Vol. 1. 


^o () 


B LEtter to Ike by PJig Gousin, Gei^IIe 

SIN Ike:— I read your letter to your 

great deal of satisfaction. I am glad 

a good writer and that you express 

much independence. Independence 

Deau Cot 
mother with t 
you are such 
yourself with 

I like that word, don't you"? Now 1 don't-care any- 
thing about your philosophical bugahoo, or your 
mother's philosophy of motion. I don't care wheth- 
er you call it muscular movement, arm movement, 
combined movement or prohibition movemeni, it is 
all the same to me. I write with it Now.dearike, 
1 like what you said about those letters, 1 mean 
those letters which have appeared in the different 
penman's papers as specimens of writing. Now I'l 

papers the highest possible attainments of 'the pen, 
and not so much of tlie engraver's skill. It is not 
necessary since the plioto process has become such 
an important factor in reproduction and leaves our 
work just as we make it and just as it should be. 

These elegant specimens of engraving may mis- 
lead young penmen and students, and certainly does 
them much less good than a photo engraved copy 
with all the characteristics of the individual's writ- 
ing. They are deceived and think, "What splendid 
writers them fellows be." We old folks can see the 
Ilolah or Havens sticking right out on all sides. 1 
have no patience with those fellows who undertake 
to show their skill in that way. Take that champion 
letter of Uennett. to Michael, that was paraded 
around the country, (penciled and engraved by Holah) 
the specimens vou mentioned and many others, 
they are but libels on penmanship. I liketosei 
penmen's papers give us genuine penworb, and by 
the best artists, and only once. I don't like so many 
repetitions as some give us. Now. there is the iV/t- 
man's Ai't Journal that repeats its pieces every 
three months or about that. Clood paper, we could 
not get along without it, but sometimes I think it 
would be a good thing for Kepublicans at election 
time— it is such a good repeater. The Westnii Pen- 
man la not quite so bad, but a repeater. I hope the 
Penman s Art Gazette will never become a re 
peater. I want to say one word about the designs 
they give us. In reference to the riourishing, I tliink 
that the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to 

iself, and have the 

Well, ike. this letler is already too long. Pardon 
me fur taking so mucliof your time. 

Give my love to your mother. She is a good moth- 
er, and never forgets her one-a. two-a, three-a. four-a, 
one a, two-a, etc., nine thousand and ninety times. 
Yours truly. 

Gentle Annie. 

A nimals, should interpose. See the poor birds stand' 
their wings all drawn out of 
?. and the uther in front of the 

their headi 
shape, one on the s 
Imdy, with a (;ii! 
shingle. AVe liii'i i 
many of wliidi m| 

L heiSfU 

■u.le pK-tun 

Shapes. Nor w<.iihl ^h.Mi >]i,, ,ould, and yet some of 
tliese designs come from tlie so-called tarf/e gum. 
The drawings, ttio.are. many of them, inartistic. 
-Now Ike. 1 claim that art should copy nature, and 
Whoever saw the light coming naturally from both 
nglit and left at the same time. Yet we see it rep- 
resented in some of the drawings. A youne man 
gave a aeries of drawing lessons in one of otfr i>cu- 
man s papers not long ago, and irave the instiuctiuii 
Wfii.but over half his insirurtions were weak and 
laulty. light coming from both directions. He did 
not practice what he preached. I know, ot' think I 

r.;.H^.r"J**',""^y '? ^.*'"'"^ '^"•■'^ *'"^" reproduction. 
<iood artists have little or no time lo devote to the 
making of specimens, while the young and inex- 
perienced are always anxious to get into print So 
wh^.J". ^^^ literary held, but those publications 
Which become popular and meet the demands of the 
lZ7*x °^ ^""'' ''t^rature, are tlie ones who publish 
the ^^™^' *^*" though they must pay well fur 

paDeilJ"VL'^*" ''^"'^ '^"^ '^'*'' «"'■ professional 
BtTwf '^^,*''r,^''^.*^?."^ ^^'^^" we demand the 
uest that can be had, and the publisher must have a 

MlLWAUivEE, July 22. 1887. 
3f}/ Dearest Son— The en joynient at the convem ion 
of JJusmess Educators of America was made doubly 
pleasant and profitable by the receipt of one of your 
dear letters dated July lO. 

No matter what my son may do or sav, he will 
always receive the admiration of his dutiful mother 
It is not strange in this wicked, wicked world that 
the offspring should entertain dissenting views even 
of a philosophical character, and if my son sees fit to 
consult his mother, and at times question certain 
mowmCTiis, no one should object, because the family 
ties, based upon maternal love and affection, wilt 
never be broken, even under tlie severest tension. 
While every son may be accused of indiscretions, the 
warm heart of a mother, alwavs beats in his defense. 
If my son has said anything, fur which he is sorry, i 
hope he'll forgive me. My son was always a faithful, 
earnest, obedient, affectionate and loving boy and 
while his associations in manho jd, and since leaving 
the paternal roof have been as good as the rest of 
humankind, it is not strange that local temptations 
and usages should have made impressions foreign to 
his earlier instructions and teachings. We are not 
wholly to blame for our condition arfd position. Bar^ 
ringthisfact is it not just, prudent and right that 
due allowance should be made the youth, when infin- 
itesimal departures are reckoned among the possi- 

" Spare the rod and spoil the cliild " may have been 
applicable in the time of its author, but it won't do 
for me or Bob. Ingersoll nor any other lirst cIhss peo- 
ple. Of course the conditions of blood must deter- 
mine the remedial properties of the rod. For my 
part I never had occasion to test its signilicance be- 
cause the blood was of virgin purity. Even the 
neighbors acknowledged it. It wasn't possible to be 
other W-" - 


to please his mother has been the up- 
it in his mind and though CVii^t around 
ardor has never been couled. 
iivstery:i mysteryl!! Mystery en- 
shrouds everything, and if we could compass the 
heighth and depth of anything worihv of attaimeut, 
in theshoitest possible time, we must secure that as- 
sistance which will accomplish it. Fur this reason 
the live teacher, who is a "hustler," will always be 
considered a necessary evil- The wisdom of this 
ntry is not c(/jfo% distributed, hence some, who 
older, are supposed to have learned, in some ways 
thmi/s.^ which the youth would do well to make 
also aware that iige doesn't always 
ft there are instances easily cited 


note of. 

that will pruv 
The broad 

hich but few _.,,.._. „ 

7ue 18 only surpassed by a' more comprehensive „„^ 
that all men are liars. Judgement and good sense 
direction is no evidence of like quality in 
another. It may exist in many directions, yet it has 
its limit, even in old !iee. One may possess the 
judgment and t;M,„i ^.-Tise wluth will unravel and 
comprehend ni\, sin V aihr imsipry to the number of 
1 that same judg- 

applied to the thuus- 

nine hundred uthI nin.^ 
ment and good siri-e i 
anthcase. Ifthiswei 
be an impossibility from the fact tliaf judgment and' 
good sense in one direction would abimus, eoei-lwit- 
inijly an eoe/more serve in another. If proper judg- 
ment and good sense were invariably applied every 
undertaking would yield up its treasures. But as 

there are moie/zi/«; thm su se we can readily 
assume that proper juutment and goo 1 sense are not 
sometimes mwit always pi t^ ent y uhn u Knowledge 
of a few things about jenmuishtp does not imply 
all, nor does it signify -jn moie ised possibility unless 
there is willingness to accept Known truths. 

How can a person realing something they do not 
understand Jail back upon tneir judgment and good 
sense without an implied weakness and utter defeat 
of the case in point? No sound mind is void of 
judgment and good sense in some things, but to fall 
back because of a dullness of apprehension in others 
IS not a strengthening process. 

Judgment and good sense of "form" mentally 
conceived will not effect the object practically with- 
out the proper application of movement to form. 
Vou may study form until you have exhausted aU 
the works of the present and past ages and not be 
able to produce a beautiful result. \ou may prac- 
tice movement until your head is gray and it will 
effect nothing within itself. But if you make the 
proper application of movement to form, then the 
results becoming this 19th century will appear. This 
application not only includes a preparatory motion 
but embodies the stops and checKs in a letter which 
the proper time iniicates. Theformofa Utter ii de- 
termined by the T1.ME in lohivh it is produced. The 
highfst ideal of form is the result of perfect time in 
execution. You and I may possess the same mental 
conception of a letter and yet our results be entire- 
ly di fferent. Why is this so ? V ? ? V 'i* i* V ? V '> ? 

The " Philasophy of Motion " is the action of the 
hand preceding and following the execution of a 
letter. Why is the average "extended movement" 
easier of execution than the single letter contained 
in that movement V If this statement is not r^arded 
as true, what is the object of their practice. Why is 
a capital "Q" more diilicult to execute than the ex- 
tended oval exercises? y? 

If I make no motion at all before my pen strikes 
a capital letter, that production will be very laulty. 
If you admit of any action or motion of the hand 
preparatory to the formation of a letter, then that 
action ia rf^yirtai/e and therefore becomes scientific. 
If scientific the laws which govern must be under- 
stood else the highest conception of form (as the re 
suit of movement properly applied) cannot he reach- 
ed. This practically illustrates why we have but 
few penmen n/ the first water, and why the EN- 
(Jlt A V [■: I ; i\- in'Kif- Infill an achiwj mid. 

>Jr) iiLv smi, iliH iitiihisophy ot motion ia not a 
lytli; It IS Tiui in iiit;innihle something used to be 
ilder and niy.stily the unsuspecting youth but is a 
key that unlocks additional secrets which will place 
aspiring penmen upon a higher plane and admit the 
names of other prodigies being placed upon the scroll 
of fame. 

ur judgment and good sense will serve you as 
it goes, (for it has a limit), after that we must 
a similar basis rely upon the judgment and 
good sense of others whose knowledge reaches be- 
yond our own. If we are unable to comprehend 

sense were beyond question) loas in ejror when he 
declared to the green country lad that the ground- 
chunk of a fence was the rail on top. Each may be 
a precocious youth in his place, but an exchamje will 
warrant me in reiterating the original statement 
that neither jiossess the judgment and good sense 
necessary to the situation. 

No one has seen lit to o?>enIy disciigs the other 
side nf the- '• 3fii.s'rular Bu'j'iboo" question except by 
a few denials, coupled with simple declarations in 
favor of the name " muscular " movement and 
alight rfeerences to the weakness of argument on the 
other side. To Palmer oi^f in thatstyle isavirtual 
acknowledgment in our favor, yet a display of un- 
willingness to accept the real situation. 

That all the best penmen write with the same 
power who will deny? Then why not recognize 

and acknowledge the fact so that followers may un- 
derstand just what to do. 

That all the best penmen (and poorest too) write 
witli the miiscles no one will deny. 

That like revuJtji demand like powers no one will 
contradict. That the best remits are due to the ac- 
tion of the larger and smaller sets of muscles no one 
can deny. 

That the larger set of muscles are located in the 
arm and shoulder no one has denied. 

That the smaller set of miisdes (which control 
the lingers) are attached to the fore-arm no one has 

That there are but two sets of muscles assisted 
by the tissue of the forearm employed in any writ- 
ing or movement no one can disprove. 

That the two sets (and only two) are so " com- 
bined" as to produce the higliest available power all 
will accept without cavil. 

That the arm movernent (with either movable or 
stationery fore-arm rest) is applicable as a name 
when the fingers do not assist m formation, no one 
has seen fit to prove to the contrary. 

That the harmonious union of these two sets of 
muscles is best expressed by the word "twnbined" 
no one questions except those who cannot be con- 
vinced against their will. 

I want a name that means something and so long 
as muscular doesn't mean anything dednite 1 douT 
want it. Its advocates herald it as a kind of super- 
natural power with a halo around it indescribably 
grand. Its supporters are at variance; its seeming 
projectors are indefinite as to its limitations, and be- 
cause of these and other just reasons enumenited in 
other articles am 1 justified in renouncing a vague 

The sons of the Jones', Smiths', and Browns' write 
with gieat regularity and promptitude. Don't, my 
dear boy, dona! allow your mother to go down with 
gray hairs in sorrow to the grave without a kindly 
letter every month. Remember, when you and 1 
were young and lived in the old log cabin near the 
lane, and you.used to sit with your lieels against the 
jamb, above your head, and read to me out of the 
la'ttyear'salmanac, that I warned you in that posi- 
tion your brains would all run to your headV Have 
you forgotten it ? I trust not. I shall love vou on, 
and on, and on, even though you are so near Chicago 
where boodlers escape. 

In all your wanderings don't forget your mother, 
your dear, delectable, delightful, darling mother. 
She thinks of you with love, hope and joy, knowing 
full well that as the years roll on you will never tar- 
nish the name. 

Trusting that all past promises will be dear to 
your memory, and that your career will always be 
one of unalloyed usefulness, I remain as ever, 
your affectionate and only mother. 

Mrs. Partington. 

B 5eFiE3 a? LEg;5ons in Flair? Writing, 

JI. J. Putman. of Minneapolis, Minn., and W. J. 
Kinsley, Shenandoah, Iowa, have published a series 
of lessons in plain writing which should be in tbe 
hands of every student of penmanship, as well as 
in the collection of every penman in the United 

For years cheap compendiums have flooded the 
markets, and have been extensively advertited and 
sold this country over, but a well graded series of les- 
sons, as the one above mentioned, has not been offered 
the public nor published for shIc. 

We would advise every reader of The Gazette to 
send for a copy immediately on reading this, and 
their advertisement which appears elsewhere. 

It is not published in book form, but it contains 
seventeen elegantly engraved slips, printed on heavy 
plate paper, and a book of instructions to accompany 
them. The copies given do not abound in a variety 
of fol de rol capitals, etc., but are systematic, plnih 
and in keeping with the demands for the attainment 
of a good, plain style of writing. 

The plates were engraved by J. T. Holah, one of 
the finest engravers in the country, consequently 
nothing cheap and trashy enters into the make-up 
of the slips. 

We hope they will be adopted by teachers travel- 
ing about the country, and that the sales of the same 
may exceed the sales of all cheap compendiums, 

FJint? on Sr^gro^^ing. 

To dish up an exhaustive treatise on the mediieval 
manner of engrossing, or to describe minutely the 
expert manner in which the ancient Egyptians en- 
grossed their fanciful and artistic ideas upon pyra- 
mids and obelisks would, to some, seem the proper 
manner in which to introduce this subject; but as 
my memory fails to retain any ideas, grasped at the 
period to which I refer, I must sorrowfully refrain. 

Besides, my language would necessarily be full of 
mysticisms and references peculiar to the ancients, 
to the total bewilderment of my hieroglyphically in- 
clined brethren. 

Therefore will I reluctantly resign this grand op- 
portunity to display my proficiency in classic lore. 

a restricted or limited art, 

If we endeavor to teach penmanship we have for 
a basis set forms and accepted theories. 

Engrossing is decidedly arbitrary. A teacher of 
engrossing is limited to only his own capacity and 
artistic appreciation. 

"We see here, then, a wide field for an extension of 
originality, or rather o/tZ fornm in a ?ien} dress; and 
verily the opportunity is greedily grasped by the 
embryo artist, and fearfully and wonderfully origi- 
nal are the results of his grand bursts of Dure like 

Originality is unquestionably a virtue. Some vir- 
tues are inborn, others are acquired. 

Originality in engrossing, when it is productive 
of liarmonious results, is generally acquired — ac- 
quired by a careful study of the work of recognized 
artists long in the field. 

-A critical eye, keenly alive to artistic grouping, 
soon possesses itself of the secret of tasteful pen 

To beginners I would heartily recommend 
"Ames' Compendium of Practical and Artistic 
Penmanship" as the best work of tliis kind extant. 
It has been of inestimable value to me in my work. 

Harmonious distribution of light and shade is of 
primary importance. 

It is here suggested that alternate lines of light 
and dark effect be preserved in a design. 

Display lines should be intersected by several 
lines of plain work. 

One of the most valuable hints I ever received 
was from Mr. Ames, of New York, when he re- 
maiked tersely : "All display is no display." 

It is diflicut to treat a suliject with justice that is 
so thoroughly arbitrary in its character. To a great 
extent we must rely upon our instincts, and what 
constitutes good taste, in the make-up and arrange- 
ment of our work. 

As it necessitates in most things a number of dif- 
ferent parts to make one perfect whole. I would em- 
phatically state to the ambitious youth struggling to 
attain ceiebrityin that branch of art. that up to a 
certain point he is dependent, or should be, upon 
the ideas of artists long in the field. 

After he has absorbed the beauties of each indi- 
vidual work, then, if ever, will emerge from this 
close application, an originality of his own, the re- 

the word, then make the most of it. 

" There is nothing new under the sun." 
There are always an unfortunate few, deluded in 
the belief of their own powers of original produc- 
tion, when if the truth were known, every labored 
and studied arrangement of form, is the direct re- 
sult of an unconscious absorbtion from outside 

The superior artist in any branch is recognizable 
by his readiness to accept and acquire, irrespective 

ject, I feel myself exceeding the space allotted to 

Regarding the art of arrangement, the depart- 
ment called engraving is difficult of treatment, with- 
out an extended series of lessons, accompanied by 
elaborate illustrations ; and then, instead of being an 
exposition or any theoretic system, it must be sim- 
ply a presentment of ideas, peculiar and character- 
istic of one individual, the author. 

Hr^gwEPg to GoFFEgpor^der^U. 

E. L. D., Longville, 111.— Yes, your lion dedicated 
to the Penman s Art Gazette, has been placed on 
exhibition, and he killed two innocent girls at sight. 
Send on some more, we'll clean out the city hy-and- 

H. (■. D., Altoona, Pa.— He says the Gazette is a 
fine paper, but lie can't afford to keep it. and he thinks 
it is a shame to accept a thing and not pay for it. So 
he bcRS us to leave him off the list in the future. 

is another one, A. C. C, Craighill, W. T., writes 
How much can a man make by publishing a 
I's paper'? I note you are going on a vacation. 

and if you have made enough to go 
so short a lime. 1 may go into the business myself. 
That's riglit if you want to go into the business and 
have a thousand to spare, we will let her go Mc(!ari- 
gle. You can have our paper as she is, and next 
year you will go on a vacation just as well as we did. 
You will Jiave to go, if you don't want to die reading 
such letters, and mailing sample copies and looking 

i and take it otT our bauds. 

K. M. B., A. S. Village, Mo.- We are asked a ques 
tion by a bashful >oung lady, which to answer in a 
paper like the (»azette is embarrassing to an ex- 
treme; she says she is in love with the Champion 
Ink Siinger of the county ; his birds and beasts and 
his bounding stag cannot be equaled for miles 
around, she says he travels about the country, and 
consequently they are separated a good deal, as she 

stays at home and looks after the chickens, etc. Now 
in writing to him she says her penmanship is miser- 
able ; she wants to know how to improve ii so that it 
will not look so terribly poor; she says she practices 
enough, but when writing a love letter she fails to 
write near as nood, so she wants to know if penman- 
ship can be practiced in love letters, Th:it is what 
embarnisses the Bachelor Editor of tliedA/.KTTE. He 
never wrote a love letter, consequently cannot 
answer that question, but our friend, Scarborough, 
may be better able to grapple with that absorbing 
question, whether one can practice "penmanship in 
love tetters." Whew I what will they ask us to answer 
in our next. Perhaps some miss will want to know 
if we can't write her a model love letter. 

A. J. Y., Brownesville, Ind.— Why did we allix the 
name -lim, the penman to our photograph. Well, 
in the first place we did not liave the cheek to put 
our name in bold, black type on tlie first page, and 
in the second place, we are getting notorious as 
.Jim, the penman, ever since Manager Snarpe, of Mc- 
Vicker's theatre applied that title in prelerence to 
remembering or calling us by our own name, besides, 
everybody can spell Jim. the penman, but 99 out of 
a 100, in writing to us make it Vogal. Yogle. Bogle, 
Wogal, and other ctirinus (.'n./aVs. so we didn't mind 
the name, Jim, the pi-nman I'nr the benefit of those 
whodon't know, we wisli lo siy Ui;it, ./('m, thepejt- 
mail, is the title of kih- ul ihr must popular plays pro- 
duced last season, it was lirst produced at McVick- 
er's theatre, in Chicago, where it ran six weeks, when 
it was taken to New York, where it ran all through 
last season and brought to Chicago again. This sum- 
mer it ran sucnessiully, crowding the theatre every 
night for three weeks. We do not desire to become 
another Jirn, the penman, but that is how we got the 
name. Manager Sharpe, not only gave us a new 
name, but he furnishes us with the passes at Mc- 
Vicker's, so we forgave him ere this. 


The Writing Teacher just got in. A new heading, 
liner press work, and a cover. She looks well. Bro. 
Williamson is going it lively. 

The Penman's Art Journal, the oldest and best of 
lur penman's periodicals, presents the portrait and 
iitograph letter of our friend Shaylor in the August 

The Magazine for August and September is noth- 
ing small, for it contains over oO payes of reading 
matter. Col. Soule's portrait graces the first page, 
followed by a biography, interesting articles by 
Latta, Anderson, Packard and others, a report of tlie 
B. E. Convention, accompanied by cuts of the more 

Srominent members, written in a style wholly in- 
icative of Bro. Jack's originality in handling any 

The Pen Art Hei-ald is announced to appear under 
the editcu-ial management of W. D. Showalter, at 
Cleveland. Ohio, September 10. iy.s7. He says it has 
bf en lately discovered that there is a demand for a 
periodical which shall delve into the undiscovered 
beauties of chirographic thought; which, while re- 
taining the attractive journalistic and art features 
of other journals, will add new vigor of expression, 
and that shall introduce the common matters which 
have a bearing upon our daily work in more fas- 
cinating literary drapery than they have hitherto 
been presented ; that shall at once possess the (piali- 
ties of a veritable art magutt and an idea mirror. 
Such a journal The Pen Art Herald has been de- 
signed to be. and it will he, no doubt, as Ilro. Sho- 
walter has the ability to carry it to a successful issue 
if he can get enougli support. We wish for him the 
success he so well deserves. _ 

Among the other periodicals on our exchange 11 
are the Typevniter Operator, published at Bostoi 
Mass.; Itochester Comme7-cial Revitw, Ilocbester, ' 
Y,; ''O-'ntf l':du'atio7i," pnhhshed by Price & Goi 
iii;ni, X;i-^liville. Tenn.; the Ohio Jiiisiness Collei 
li.r.„.l. .\[;(ii^iH-ld, Ohio; the iirand Islajid Collei 
];. :;,,,!. iliaiiil [stand, Nebrask, 
rniniit. Iinhatiapolis, Ind.; fin 
Edumtor. Emporia, Kas.; l.'.iw \- 
ne.''S College Jouimal, Dallas, i 
naZ, Lyons, Iowa; Canada / 
Chatham, Ont. ; Drerd's Jin 
El^in, HI.; Commendal A 

College Journal, .J 
«, Dixon. 111.; thePra^ 
Iowa; the American and 

The design on page 30 was executed by Prof. J. 
Harkins, of Curtis' Business Collpge, Minneapo] 


A penman who has taught many people penman- 
ship is Prof. 1. S. Preston, of Brooklyn, N. Y. lie has 
travelled all over the country and is a genuine old- 
timer. He has excellent methods of advertising, and 
is a liard worker. Preston is one of the most liberal 
of men, and has always been willing to help young 
scribes along. 

Wiesehahn, of St. Louis, writes a most peculiarly 
original hand. His off-hand work being very strong. 
Experts claim his pen drawings have a force and 
grandeur equal to anything of the kind ever execu- 
ted. The kindlv German is the only pen artist who 
will attempt bold off-hand writing in specimens of 
display penmanship, such as resolutions, memorials, 
etc., and he neV"" *■" "'" " """" 

Lyman D. 
Smith, of Hart- 
ford. Conn., who 
is teacher of 
writing in the 
public schools 

ploying several assistants. AVilson is one of Kibbe's 
Utica, New York, graduates, and thinks a great deal 
of his diploma which is penwork throughout, and is 
one of Kibbe's prize specimens. 

Collectors of penmanship always prize A. P. Root's 
letters. There is a delicacy of touch in his writing 
not seen in any one else's writing. Hoot is very busy 
now-a-davs, having complete charge of that depart- 
ment in IJryant's Tiusiness College, enougli work for 
two penmen at the least. 

C. G. Reynolds, of Fitchville, Ohio, is farming, but 
that does not prevent his writing a magniheent 
style. In winter he organizes classes in neigliboring 
towns. He contemplates making a specialty of it if 
he don't do better farming next year. Well, the pub- 
lic want men of your ability, Reynolds, and if you 
will work hiUf as hard as you do now, success awaits 

Ike uses muscular and his mother uses movement. 
Wherein lies the difference? Both use the same 
power, therefore, they both use muscular and both 
use movement. This wasting brain on such tritles is 
folly when we have far more mighty measures on 

«.\ZETTE tohold the next meeting of the P._ _ 

Association at the time and place of meeting deter- 
mined upon by the National Teacher's Association. 

I think much good would come of it. 

At least we could press our claim for recognition, 
and could undoubtedly determine the utility of the 

the teaching of our art, and before there i , 

change in the present public method, the people will 
have to rise in 
one body and 
demand the ex- 
pulsion of the 
copy books from 
the public 
schools, and the 
substitution of 
the live 
getic teacher in 
their place. 

It is passing 
strange that the 
most important 
branch of edu- 
cation should be 
neglected at the 
instigation of a 
few publishing 

There is not a 
city in the 
United States 
of 10,000 inhabi- 
tants that car*-' 
not afford a 
special teacher 
of penmanship 
at a fair remun- 
erative salary. 
T h e smaller 
towns could 

practical writ- 
ing who evi-i 
took a crayon in 
hand to place a 
copy on the 
board. His pen- 
manship is .so 
very near like 
Gaskell's that it 
is very ditlicult 
to distinguish 
between them. 
Madorasz, o f 
New York, has 

the best thing 
Dennis has 
done in the line 
of pen drawing. 
Mr. Dennis is 
liked bv every 
one who is ac- 
quainted with 

him. and is popular among the students. He is of a 
retiring disposition, but has been working hard, very 
hard, to raise a mustache for six years. 

Mr. S. S. Packard, of New York City, who is at the 
head of a model business school is a business writer 
of strong calibre. For thirty years or more his pen- 
manship has not varied, and no matter whether he 
writes one line or a hundred pages it is the same, 
neat and compact. Mr. Packard is the life of the 
linsiness Education Convention every time. Those 
'•1 the habit of attending these gatherings are always 
u,i * ,,.■„ ... — ^ active part. 

glad to see him take a 

Away up in Saco, Me., is C. E. Simpson, assistant ' how if the fiTstTiumber" 
postmaster, a young scribe who could become one of 
the lights in the profession if he were a mind to 
luake^ penmanship his businean. He teaches in a 
I hour or two a day, and is turning out good 

W. D. Showalter, of West Union, W. Va., contem- 

Slates moving to Cleveland, Ohio, and under the 
irection of a stock company composed of penmen, 
starting a penman's paper called Feii Art Hei-atd. 
Showalter has ability, and if the stock company don't 
expect too big returns and shut him up too quick he 
will give us a good paper. 

The Amateuj-'s Gazette, by L. H. Hanson, Fort 
Scott, Kansas, is another plan. 

Madarasz, of New York, is thinking of getting out 
a quarterly, devoted to penmanship and gossip. He 
promises some good things and will try it a year any- 
gets out. 


writers in short order. 

J. P. Wilson, of Chicago, does 
buaintss in the hotels, running twp Stapds and 

FBoYEn^Ei^t Yg. FHugcuIaF. 

Ike and his mother are having quite a controversy 
very large card regarding the fitness of things in general, and 
"movement and muscular" in particular. 

1888, E. 
A. McPherson, 
Cortland. N. Y., 
Aug. 29, 1887. 


The offici 
the Penm.\n's 
Akt Gazette 
has been re- 
moved from 
McVicker's big. 

is one of the 
Bnest office building in the city. It is located at 225 
Dearborn street, opposite the Postoffice, within two 
squares of our former location. We will be at home 
for our visiting brother Knights always from 8 a. m. 
to 6 r. 51. Give us a call when in the city, or on pass- 
ing through. 


Our thanks are due to Prof. F. W. H. Wiesehahn. 
of St. Louis, Mo., for many kind favors shown us on 
our visit to St. Louis, ^\'e were shown a set of reso- 
lutions executed by him for the employes of Seruggs. 
Vandervoort & Barney, which was as handsome a 
piece of work as we ever beheld. 

F. C. Kappesser. the last one of the South St. Louis 
Bachelor's Club, (minus the editor), was united in 
marriage to Miss Pauline Fath, of that city, on the 
24th day of August, 1887. Good-bye, Bach. 

-TH E-^ — 

PEnman'^ Rvi ^azEtte, 


Editor and Proprietor. 

60 cent8 per Tear. 

. F. VOGKL TemplP Court, Chicago, 111. 


One colimn per mo. Slft.OO; lor 6 months, fcan.OO; 1 year, 815C 

" half " " 8.00; " " ^l^' ,. * 

" fourth » " 4.B0; " ■ ;;4.00; k 


1 both ProminDi 

" 60 to 100 40 " 

The amount of suhBcriherB sent in to count t 
ol onr Special I'mes as per our special notice. 

y workins for Tub Aw 

Printed by C. L. Pai 


A Letter from Mrs. Parlinglou to her Son 3r 

A Series of Leasone in Plain Wriiing Hi 

IllntriOn Engroislng— Jsa. W. Harkine 38 

Acswers to Correapondeuts and Exchangee 36 

S.iuibs-X. T. Z W 

Movement vu. Muecular -- 3'^ 

Pcreonals *'9 

Arc we Making any Advancement— Editoriol iO 

A Word to the Boya— Editorial 40 

War •«> 

WritinginPob'.ic Schools— J. A. Tonng 41 

Btofiraphy— A. J. ScarboroDgh 42 

Letters Becaived 42 

CoUegoNoteB 42 

AdverstiBomente 43-44 


Deeign— Jae. W. Harkins .M 

Design— "Jim," ihi Penman 40 

KngrOBPing-H-F- Vc»G«l 41 

Portrait— Scarborough 12 

public schools of St. Louis : U'e well remember how 
we were taught and drill* d in the art of writing. 
We remember that we wtre told how to hold the 
pen, etc. We also renif niber that if we wrote a line 
or a page in one-half the time allotted to us. we were 
censured for writing too fnst. We were told to write 
slow and make it as near perfect as the copy. We also 
remember that if ever the teacht^r ventured to make 
a correction in our bnnks. shp w:is r:ip;iblp of talking 
about what ought to 1m> -Imiic, Iml ns tor herself she 
failed to be equal toilunrriiMMi, aTi.l many was the 
time we boys would tomr In^.ilu r and wonder wh\ it 
was teacher could not write laur as good asthe copies 
in the book; and is it to be wondered at that the boys 
often put the writing lesson down for the most labo- 
rious of our school duties, and why? JJeeause the 
teacher did not take enough interest in the studv. it 
seemed, to keep up the interest in the class. Many 
boys, seeing the teacher's inability and deficiency in 
that branch, jump to the conclusion that what the 
teacher cannot do they will never master. If the 
tf-nrhrr is us wideawake and as persistent in teaeh- 
iit- I' ;rni:iii3hip, and combines practice with intelli- 
- 'it I' ^(ruction, and If the teachers would look to 
[In I .[iiirement of a speed and style of writing 
wIihIi rniitd be used in all studies, would not the re- 
Its be better than those gained by writing a half 
hour every day slowly drawing out the letters, and 
the rest of the day spent in scratching away at a go- 
as-you-please speed. We ask. could not, with the 
proper application of movement to form, speed with 
accuracy, better results be obtained in the advanced 
classes than the results as shown at the exhibition by 
pupils of the high schools? 

I^et us not blame the copy books entirelv. nor the 
teacher for that matter; let us investigate thorough- 
ly. We think the best results can be brought about 
by employing a superintendent of writing in every 
city in the United States, and where they cannot af- 
ford one, the services of a competent penman could 
•cured for a limited time to instruct the teachers 
in tpni-h penmanship. That the majority lack 
that ability no will palliate or deny, and that must 
be the first step towards obtaining better results. 
We will say more auon. 

Hfe We HIaking Hny HdvanEEment? 

Of course we are, some will say. Can a man of 
sound common sense ask such a question? Look 
around and about us, and if you have eyes to see, and 
ears to hear, you cannot fail i- i> 'im - ..Mii/.mt of 

thefact that weare living in I ^ i, 

Hut, kind reader, one mom.: -v.- , , , , , -, nt pro- 
fessional penmen, do not limi, -'■ niri, ;, iiin the ad- 
vancement in science or metijrtuiLB .ir, «.• iln into the 
progress made in our art. And lliere is where we 
would apply ihat question. Aside from the increase 
of a few professional penman, do we see as equal a 
large per ceutage of good writers all over the coun- 
try at large? Are we now instructing the rising gen- 
eration in such a manner as to have no earthly 
doubt of the ability of every student in our publ' 
schools to write as 'well in comparison as they ma 
ter the other branches of their study? What is the 
answer? Were we to take the specimens of penman- 
ship here, from various parts of this country, during 
theN. E. Convention, as a criterion to judge Dy, what 
would our answer be? It would be that with all on 
perfect copy-books, and in spite of the loud claim; 
made by one system over another, we fail to see any 
gratifying results. And why is it thus? Can we 
have more perfect copy books than we have at the 
present time? No; but then what is the matter? 
In the first place, the copy book is so perfect that to 
desire any improvement in that respect is to expect 
a perfect thing to be made imperfect. N"<w if the 
copy books are all right, I don't see why this grum- 
bling and kicking is going on, some unconcerned ob- 
server may say. It is going oa for two reasons. In 
the first place, because the copy books fail to fill 
their mission. In the second, because the general 
public don't take the trouble to investigate. We 
wish to say a few words from our experience in the 

B. Wopd to the Boy?- 

Are you striving to accomplish anything 
world? Have vou any ambition? Are you a hard 
worker or would you rather see somebody do your 
work for you? Are you keeping good company? 
Such and many more questions should be ever be- 
fore the youth who would aspire to any prominence 
in this great country of ours. We cannot all become 
presidents, nor congressmen, nor capitalists; but 
can one and all fill a position in life, in whatever 
avocation it he, that will be well worthy of the emula- 
tion of the coming generation in the various branch- 
es with which we are identified. To do this, we 
must aim high; it matters notif we never succeed ' 
scaling to the top of the ladder; but if you have 
come to a height bevond which your powers fail to 
carry you. then it is when you can say. well done, 
weary body and mind, let some other being more ca- 
pable of ioing it continue what you have completed 
to the best of your ability. If your aim is not too 
high: if in whatever avocation of life you 
vou do not see renlitv in idealism; if you do not seek 
for gold where there'is nothing but glory; if you are 
content d with what you find or achieve, make the 
best of your position, then you will have consci 
entiouslv acquitted yourself of vour duty to man 
kind and are justly entitled to hold a place as honor- 
able and respectable and as worthy of the considera- 
tion of your fellow citizens as if you filled the 
presidential chair But that young man who co"' 
tents lni::si ^1 \ ,Vi ii minff a trade or acquiring 
little kiiMw 1. i ! iiise it is necessary to make 

a liviutr: '■■ ■ n who looks not forward, 
butwhnln.^ I m r I , ih .isiires of the moment, who 
will spenil a duilai as quick as he earns it, who 
would rather spend a night with the boys paint- 
ing the town red than to devote it to study or the 
acquirement of additional knowledge by attending 
a college or any edui ati' ' ■-^'■■-•^- "- -'- 

itution; that young 
iw in this world 
-d why he 
tudying. feels 

CLl^E OniGE oT tl^E PEnma'i^g Hrl GazsltE. 

that knows 
and is so smart 
rather be out on 

suited at the raonsrrM-i!\ <.i .unidering him capable 
of committing such a toliv, that young man will be 
a fit candidate for the poor house by and by- He will 
help a saloon keeper buy his wife a silk dress every 
now and then, while he will go in rags. He is bound 
to cut such a sphere in life that when age overtakes 
him he will look buck to the days gone by and will 
cry pityingly: "Oh, give me my days of youth 
again; give me a chance to live my life over again! 
Oh, but for the foolishnesi, for the impetuousness of 
those days, when to-morrow had no significance for 
me! ' Such will be the end of that career. It will 
be spent in miseiy and sorrow. Remember, youn;; 
man. it is for yon to choose the one or the other. 
If you would be happy, then makeup your mind vou 
are going to ilo something; never rest, never stop, 
and if it takes you a life-time and you are no nearer 
to til e desired end than when you began, keep on, 
keep your duty ever before you, beware of bad com- 
panions, and when your life's work is finished, it will 
be said, '* Well done, humble servant.'" 

The office of The 1'emman's Art Gazette is the 
best place in the country for penwork and pen draw- 
ings for photo engraving. 

Portraits are made a specialty and we have the 
assistance of a noted artist, formerly employed with 
the Moss Engraving Company. We can guarantee 
fine work and entire satisfaction. 

IJuildings, illustrations for books, catalogues, etc., 
rti-e executed by us in a manner equal to the best 
wood engraving, at a resonable price. 

Engrossingof resolutions, testimonials. designs for 
college diplomas, certificates, rewards of merit, etc., 
executed to suit our customers at reasonable rates. 
Address, II. F. Vooel, 

Temple Court, Chicago. 


Bro. Isaacs has opened up hostilities and now the 
time has come when an exposure of the deception 
practiced in our leading penman's paper of to-day 
has been brought on by an article published in that 
journal headed "Issacs on tlie War Path." Isaacs 
has done for us what we would have done ere this 
had we a few more gray hairs on our head, and a 
few more years of experience on our shoulders, but 
though we are young we have grown wise enough to 
become disgusted with the amount of huoibuggery 
and fraud that has been practiced, and indulged in 
for years with the sanction of some of our leading 
knights of the quill, in fact, with a coercion of some 
of our most prominent penmen. The amount of 
finely written letters that have appeared in the Pen- 
man's Art Journal are, as Bro. Ames say in an edi- 
torial comment on Isaacs' article the finest letters 
that have ever appeared in the world, but that does 
not go to prove that since the Engraver lias made 
such a perfect gem of some of the writing, that the 
penmen mentioned are the tinest in the world. 

Not only were those tine letters never ecpKilled by 
the parties mentioned, but the Ait Journal h;is from 
time to time printed specimens of engraving.— not 
writing, and palmed it off as writing. We will call 
the attention of I'rof. Isaacs and otliers interested to 
a few of the following cuts: 

Page 7. .lanuary, 1880, number PenmaJi's Art Jour- 
nal, you 'will note at bottom of illustration, the above 
cut was piioto-engraved from copy written with the 
forearm movement, etc., etc. 

On page 31. Maich, isso, I'. A .1., under first illus- 
tration, the above was photo-engraved from copy 
WRITTEN at the oHice of the Journal, etc. 

Second illustration, the above was photo-engraved 
from writing, executed at the ortice of the Journal. 

On page 109, August, 1886, P. A. J., under specimen 
it reads, the above cut was photo-engraved from 
copy written at the office of the Jow"nal. 

Now, will Bro, Ames be kind enough to send us 
one or two of those written copies for inspt-rtion. We 
bovs try our best but we can't equal it, and we want 
to know who does that fine writing, so that we can 
do him the honor which is due to him. Can Mr. D. 
T. Ames write such a copy'/ can Mr. Kelly or Mr. 
Rollinson'? Whoever is employed to do it let us 
know his or her name. Honor where honor is due. 
Must we who are living in an age of enlightenment 
and advancement, keep the secret of line writing a 
mystery 'I If it can lie done let us see it, if nut, then 
the sooner we banish the finest engraved letters in 
the world for the finest photo-engraved letters in the 
world the better. Gaskell's compendium was full of 
faults, but one thing is due it and the author, and 
that will live and live on forever, there was a free- 
dom and a certain touch iii all of his work, that spoke 
of a natural production as itllows from the pen. Not 
the systematic, penciled, perfect, but stiff and seem- 
ingly lifeless forms produced at the point of an en- 
graver's burin. The copies could have been more 
systematic, more in keeping with a certain standard; 
but they could not look more inviting, more natural, 
and what was desirable, be productive of the proper 
inspiration ;if a stiiihnl .;iii i.'il enough to make 
his work look a liUl.- Iik.- tin- r,,|,y befoiv him. he 
feels, he sees, that ii ran In- ,l..ii.. u itli pnipertrain- 
ing. but where the wmk iss.i pi ih-it and so far from 
any probability of ever lieiiig equaled, disgust creeps 
in and the learner wontlers how It is done. We have 
received several letters recently from boys asking 
us how this and that is done. They are myslilied and 
for whafr' to keep up the reputation of a few of the 
favorites, the others wonder and gaze upon the work 
of the kings of pen art. which is the work of great 

Writing iij Public School?. 


There was a time in the history of our piiblit 
schools when "Keading. 'Uiting and 'Jtithmetic 
were the most essential branches taught. Their im 
portance sngsested the order in winch tlipy wc 
named. Writing came sei 
rather it was considered i 

More attention is now 
ar, history and other 
hes. Gesfdes' reading and arithmetic, than to 

2. So manv technicalities liave been introduced in 
connection with teaching writing that many instruc- 
tors do not feel competent to teach it "systematic- 
ally;" or at least they easily persuade themselves 
that they cannot do so, and therefore take no inter- 
est in it. 

3. Our educational journals do not give writing 

which they naturally retain, in opposition to the best 
instruction they may subsequently receive. 

5. After having learned the correct forms of let- 
ters, pupils are permitted to do careless work, with 
pen and pencil, in language lessons, spelling, exam- 
ination and other written exercises, which vitiate all 
of tlie good practice they may have had in writing 

It is much easier to point out some of the difficul- 
ties in the way of learning to write, than to satis- 
factorily show how they can be avoided or reme. 

'^''■■■■'-'■''■"""■'^''^''^'^'J'^UovEt-oda^ddiHsdaii evening 





The above is photo-engraved from an original pen and ink drawing, size 22 x 28 Inches, executed at ( 
mas. etc., in the highest style of the art. Send copy fur estimate. Prices to suit our customers. 

r office. We engross resolutions, testimonials, diplo- 

A gradual but yet a very perceptible change has 
taken place in regard to this matter. It is affirmed 
by those who know the facts as they exist, that the 
average results obtained fjom teaching writing in 
our ciimmon schools are not conmLt-nsinate t.. the 
facilities which we now possos. \\'\\\ ^hunltl it be 
said that" We are a nation of puui w iiii-i> '" Many 

proper attention. Many other subjects of minor im- 
portance are elaborately discussed, but penmanship 
is almost, if not entirely, overlooked. There are 
many periodicals which are specially devoted to this 
branch, but very few teachers in our public schools 
peruse them. 

4. Pupils are compelled to do a great deal of work 
which requires the use of the pen and pencil before 
they have been taught the exact forms of letters, and 
thus they "pick up" an uneducated hand-writing 

died. The disease, in various forms, has become so 
chronic that it is almost impossible to find an effectual 

The obligations of school ollicers ought to bind 
them so far as tu s-'e that children receive proper ed- 
ucation in the most i>ra<tical and useful branches. 
Thpy should require the teaiiliers whom they employ 
to faithfully perform their duties in this particular. 

Teachers should feel that their duties are not 
properly executed if tliey do not teach their pupils 

(Coutiuued on poj^e Ht.) 

engravers. When we returned from Milwaukee in 
company with Prof. l*ierce, and Mr. .T. T. A. Ilolah, 
the script engraver of Cleveland, Ohio, we had an 
argument with Mr. Holah and he never attempted 
to disprove it, viz: that nine-tenths of the copies 
spntto him for engraving bore no resemblance to his 
engraving. We will stand by that assertion to-day. 
Mr. liennett, Mr. Forbes, Mr. Clark and others have 
becouie great penmen through Mr. Holali. It fills 
us with disgust to note how much deception is being 
piacliced. J3ut the time has come when live teach- 
ers will tell their students how those fine letters are 
written, and when copies engraved will be branded 
engraved, and those photo-engraved will be photo- 
engravings. Another letter we would ask our 
bruther Knights to look up is the letter of Farley's 
in Februarv. 1886 number, and compare with the 
ilarch, 1S87." P. A J. t)bserve she variation in style, 
slant and uniformity of lines, words and principles. 

Open your eyes aud see for yourself, how much de- 
ception IS and has been practiced. 

Of course some will shout they are envious, jeal- 
ous, etc. But that is not the case, honor where 
honor is due. and no man ever gives cheerfully the 
dues becoming to another as we do, but we do want 
this humbug and mystery cleared away for our be- 

Let them not continue to call for more light with- 
out any response from electric sources. If electricy 
cannot Pierce the darkness, then the wings of this 
bird will carry light where darkness was. Isaacs 
gets the medal. AVe expect more light however. AYe 
can probably get some able man to speak on this sub- 
ject yet. Unitil then we will await the verdict of 
the profession at large. 

"Writing in Public Schools. 

what they expect to put into practice in afterlife. 
They should realize the fact that if they withhold 
such instruction, after having been employed to im- 
part it, they are defrauding their pupils and disre- 
garding the law which piovides for public educa- 
tion. There is not more than one teaelier in a hun- 
dred, of the present day, who is faithful to bis or her 
trust in the matter of teaching writing. 

In order to procure good results in penmanship, 
children should not be permitted to do work in any 
regular written exercise before they have received 
proper instruction in regard to holding the pen and 
the formation of letters. In all written 
work should be done that cannot he acknowledged 
as the pupil's very best efforts. It is very difficult lo 
obviate bad habits which have been acquired in the 
use of language, but in writing it is almost impossi- 
ble to have children "unlearn what they have learned 

In the June number of the Penman's Aut Ga- 
zette, a distinguished correspondent claims that the 
copy-book system of to-day is largely responsible for 
the production of inferior writers. It is true that 
when written copies are before the pupil he readily 
adopts the motto, " What another person has done I 
van do;" but when he is required to imitate the ar- 
tistic copies in the writing book he naturally claims 
that " What the engraver has done I cannot do, and 
it's no use trying." Notwithstanding all this, the 
difficulty is not the use but the abuse of the copy- 
book. If the best text-book extant, on any subject, 
is put into the pupil's hand it will not produce 
satisfactory results unless it is accompanied by 
proper teaching. So long as teachers take it for 
granted that copy-books are perfect and that it is 
only necessary to place them before their pupils and 
merely request them to "follow the copy," without 
giving any instruction whatever, bad writers will be 
the natural consequence. A good teacher of writing 
can get along without engrossed copies, and a good 
instructor in any branch can succeed witliout a text- 
book, but writing-books and text-books may be 
used as to be an aid rather than a hindrance 

Letters REceiYed 


G. li. Jones, Rochester, !N. Y.. says he considers the 
last number fully worth the subscription price, 
account of the timely report of the conventions. 

J. L. Faulkner, Knoxville.Tenn., writes an elegant 

N. M. CarkhiifF, in a fine business letter asks if 
think he will ever become a penman. We say, yes, 
under all circumstances. 

E. M. Huntsinger, N. Y., sends some of his elegant 
writing and encloses subscription. 

i\. U. Land, San Francisco, Ual., says the Gazette 
is immense. 

W. S. Graham. Byron, Neb., endorses the stand we 
take on the copy-book question. 

J. G. Anderson, Falcon. Tenn., sends us a complete 
monogram of the 20 capital letters. See his adv. 

A. J. Smith, Anamosa, Iowa, says the August 
number captured him. 

H. J. Williamson, yells 'rah for the Gazette 
down in Richmond. 

E. J. Kneitll, Stratford, Out., speaks a good word 
for the Gazette, and sends us a photo of his second 
piece of engrossing, which speaks well for him. 

G. W. Kear. Scranton. Pa., sends subscription in a 
letter written in the finest back-hand we. have re- 


C. M. Wiener, South Whitlev, Ind.. says he was de- 
lighted with the premiums, and he is very enthusi- 
astic over the Gazette. 

B. M. Brice, alias Sunflower, the penman, Keokuk. 
Iowa, says he is going to take the road this winter, 
teach Spencerian and act as agent for us. Go ahead, 
Sunfiower, but look out you don't get plucked before 
you are ripe. 

Bro. Ilinman writes us from Worcester that he is 
getting along well, and that the next Penman's Con- 
vention meets at Minneapolis. Minn., and that he 

,n promise a royal time to all participants. Bro. 

inman is a hustler. 

W. S. Chamberlain writes a fine letter and sends 

I specimens of his work, but forgets to send his 
subscription. Compliments don't pay our printer, 
and we don't care to pay compliments for nothing. 
We need cash and can do without compliments for a 

E. N. Hill. Willbraham, Mass., sends us cards, capi- 
tals and movement exercises. He says the Gazette 


C. E. McKee, Columbus, Ohio, says allow me to con- 
gratulate you on your unprecedented success in edit- 
ing a penman's paper. The Gazette already ranks 
among the leading papers of the day. 

C. II. Pierce, of Keokuk, says we put in on brown. 

J. W. Harkins, Minneapolis, Minn., writes a fine 
hand, and sends us his subscription, etc. 

A. C. AVebb. Nashville, Tenn., compliments us on 

ir elegant number. 

G. C. Smalley, Manitowoc, Wis-, says we should ten- 
der his compliments to our printer for the line 
appearance of the last number. 

F. AV. II. Wiesehahn, our genial friend in St. Louis 
says the July and August numbers in appearance, 
reading matter, composition, and typography isfirst- 


S.D.Forbes, Altoona, Pa., says the July number 
I'as fine. 

C. N. Crandle, from Dixon, 111., shouts immense! 
grand ! 

Chfis. McLielan, Macomb, 111., saya the Gazetee is 
his favorite. 

II. W. Kibbe. Utica. N. Y.. will begin a series of 
lessons for students of penmanship in our next, em- 
bracing every variety of work. 

P. A. Hoomatka. Cedar Rapids. Iowa, says he is for 
prohibition, red hot. 

J. F. Briley. Lamar. Mo., who won the prize 
offered in the June Gazette, expresses his thanks 
for same, and says he will never do without the Ga- 

We could print another batch of compliments as 
large as the above, but we will desist from tiring our 
readers. Other letters worthy of mention were re- 
ceived from W. J. Kinsley, Shenandoah, Iowa; C. O. 
Woodmausee, Keokuk, Iowa;T, J. IVrry, Degognia, 
111., who promisesa club of 100; J. P. Hamilton. Mid- 
dlepoint, Iowa; Miss Minnie Jaeger, Neosho. M '.; U. 
O. StoU. Two Rivers, Wis. ; M. S-tyre, Toionto, Can.; 
W. D. Showalter. Cleveland, Ohio; J. J. Glenn, Madi- 
sonville, Ky. ; J. W. Howard, Athia, Ind.; G. W. 
Moore, North Hampton, N. H.; S.F. Rexstrew, South 
Jiend, Ind.; Jerome B. Howard, Cincinnati, Ohio; A. 
F. ('ox. Black JacJc Grove, Tex.; Z. P. Zaner, Colum- 
bus. Ohio; J. N. AVoodmancie, Providence, R. 1.; G. 
H. Cregn, Chicago. III.; C. E. Stevens. Newark. Ohio; 
C. AV. AVhite. Rogers. Mmn.; W. li. Sourbeer. St. 
Louis, Mo.; E. L. LiflingWHll. Greenville. III.; H. E. 
Martin, Kansas City, Mo ; J H. Canfield, Pittsburgh, 

GollEge RoticES, Stc. 

and St. Paul 

C. M. Robinson, proprietor Union Bi 
lege, Lafayette, Ind., called on us recently, and left 
with us a fine circular of his school. He reports 
everything lovely, and prospects for an immense 
school this winter. The best we wish him continued 

Williams & Rogers are sending out a fine 12-page 
circular containing engravings of their actual busi- 
ness department. 

O. M. Powers, of the Metropolitan Business Col- 
lege of this city has out a tine circular. 

Little Rock Commercial College sends out an ele- 
gant 24-page circular. 

Souder's Business College, of this city opened with 
a large attendance this fall. 

Drake's Jersey City Business College issues a fine 
20-page circular. 

H. B. Bryant's office in this city was crowded with 
new students when we Ciilled on a visit there during 
openmg week. H. B. is one of the pleasantest col- 
lege men in the west. 

This is the sacerdatal front of the moist-eyed man 
who holds down the editorial chair for Gaskell's 
magazine- This is the expression he wore while pen- 
cilling such articles as "Distorted Birds." "Posing for 
Pictures." "He sobs on our neck." "Hankering for 
the earlv dawn," "Boosted into space," "Conventional 
Confal)," and many other patlietic themes which 
seem to burst from his soul like mule calls released 
from the bondage of winter confinement. In his 
most playful Hashes of composition, however, there 

some time ago for Peck^s Sun were not nearly s 
ous as the experience which suggested them. The 
refrain of the harness-tug on the rear deck of his bi- 
forcated garment, he so practically reviews in his 
early interviews with his pa were burning facts, 
scorching truths which were seered into memory 
and elsewhere to remain. 

Mr. S. was born beyond the line separating the 
"blue" from the "gi'av," but remained at home dur- 
ing the thickest of the fray. What more could he 
do? He had not arrived at the period of panthood 
yet. His first masterpieces of penmanship were em- 
blazoned on the rtv-leaves of his father's library, and 
deeply set in the backs of chairs, etc. The 

easured cadence of his father's footfall, or a few 
words which smacked of paternal ire, would always 
give him a strong craving for the open air, during 
these arduous wrestles with art. AVhen about 18 
vears of age he took a business course under W. U. 
Chambers, who was then located at Ilarpersville. 
Miss. He afterwards taught a couple of terms for 
Chambers. He h:is taught penmanship, book-keep- 
ing and other commercial oranches in Goodman's 
College, Knoxville. Tenn., Gaskell's College, and 
Goodyeav'a Cedar Rapids College, besides, a little ex- 
perience as a rambling scribe,— going from hamlet to 
cross-roads, carrying a valise, a diploma, a bottle of 
ink, a pen-wiper, an attenuated purse, and an appe- 
tite that made bucolic provisions look extremely 
sparse. Those who have read Gaskell's Magazine 
know what Scarborough can do with the pen in a 
duplex sense. 

Those that have not vet seen the magazine should 
send for it at once. Now one more word— we were 
rushed with work on our return from a vacation, and 
we wanted Bro Jack to assist ui this month in fill- 
ing our paper. We called on him to that end. and he 
consented, and above a few lines composed the whole 
matter he could possibly send over to help us out of 
our trouble. We called a^ain and behold the editor 
sat reclining in his chair, it seemed to us at first in a 

Eeaceful slumber, but on tip-toe stealing to his side, 
ehold in one hand a photo of a charming 
young lady, in the other a wedding invitation an- 
nouncing that Miss Emma Duniston. of Cedar 
Rapids, Iowa, and Mr. A. J. Scarborough, of Chicago, 
111., were to be united in the holy bands of matri- 
mony nn the «th day of October. 1887. Poor Jack, or 
rather happv Jack, dream on. your blissful moments 
when the tedious duties evolved upon the editor of 
apenmiin's paper are forgotten for the time being, 
and when vour miod is wrestling with brighter 
visions, than those productive of editing a penman's 
paper, shall never be disturbed by us. Nay, kind 
reader we let him dream. We hope his dreams will 
be realized. We wish him all the happiness in the 
world. AVe hope that his humor will not abandon 
him in his career as a benedict. Nay. more, we hope 
that in his new role he will become even more 
humorous, as will undouhte<lly be the case, when 
Jack will be lonely no more, but will be looked alter 
and guarded by a better half. Our congratulations. 



Nearly 300 nn|^, brlmrnl nnrj anTilnuin;: willi liL'liinini* niL-tliods and ! 

Vvorkh "" "" "■""" 

liabilit_. , 
I clo8« bookH I 

and )lBbiliti<: 

aeeiiriog i 

I knofvioK The «: 
Ided JademcDt by 
nkuown. It setileii 
iM. It will enahle 
Dd it a storohoudc d 

N. ..;.„. i..>,;kkeener In 1,< 
, ... >.'.irl.v. Tliie book 1 

: all I 

'The Western Penman' 


iDevotcd • gxelasively • to 

p. A. WRIGHT. Author and Publisher. 769 Broadway, N. Y 

The object of this Pen Holder ia to enaMe one to write with facility and oaee on tUo point of th 
11, iustearl nf arrosa, as with the ordinary elralght holder. By the uae of the Obliqtn; Pen Holdei 
""" "°"" a'wny» acts upon the points, eiiher on the up or dt)«vi Btroke. and the pen thrown n 
, the hand or the paper has to b 

li brings it in the proper positio 

e proper aiif/lf of the letter, when by tl 
med or iwiPied to get the right Inclination. In placini; 
have the extreme point on a line with the center of the 
T>ie table should always be on the Ifft. hand 

This Holder has for some time been h 
rnamcnlal work, and handsome biielness w 
a for our best penmnnBhip. Sent hy mail p 
whom liberal terms will be given. Addre 

rqaaled. It is the only kind used by 
three f)r 30 cents. Agents wanted, 

JLRVOGEL^^emple Court, Chicago. 

A N E W^rt( O R K 

-A. SEi?.iEs OF XiESSonsrs X3^- 

af renmanBhip. 

B. Other thingo, it contains lessons in mns- 
ivemeot writing by the editor and various 
>at members or the profcsBion. 
nosC Interesting, practical and compre- 
coiiree of LcsBons in Pen Drawing that 
er been piiblished are now being given 
its columna by Prof. A. C. Webb, whose 
and beantiful pen-drawlnga have at- 

r late. 

drawings ha- 

The paper has many other Interesting features 
which are appreciated by lu snbscribcrs. 

Sample copy of this buaatiful paper will be sent 
to any address npon receipt of six (<>) cents In 


Goodyear & Palmer, 


— BIT — 


50c. Price: FIFTY CENTS. 50c. 

OF KK»80K» lAI | 

Biipn are not bound and c 

r»-A.n.T OKTE!- 

nby a 


The I 

I. Neir 

engraved on copper by one of the 
in these sllpe we will name some of the 

, giving aOy-Qve different 
— .u niiibii mey Huuuid bo taught, and wurda are arraniri 
fod if^meLTor AM '* ^^"' °' ^""^^ ''^'^ '" teachera 

■iliicluj,' uotliiiig but small leiters, 

sdolneawarwlih the old 




Q be e 

X sentuncc etartiug with the same capital, 
iged. The capitals are given In the te 

a ureal variety of commercial 

eatures. The letter as a model of lelle 

» the most complete an 
^.rra" and "Movement. 

n be made Belling 
kV. l''licklnecr 

" Compendl 

where a 

■' LesRons 


A compari 

■«niru, If mnmiu 
tatity of work for 

engMvjng. printine. paper, etc., thal^we wm'rV-fuuIl monev^mlrn'j. 
ingi>odcondilion,lf it does not prove satisfuctory /f oii> 

than^many ^f''^^'^'''\i&''vr\^Tll^^^^^ 

addresses: -^uurcHu uu com municat ions to either of the tolliiwlnj 

„ „ „ I'tTTU-a-in c*s :^:xKrsxi:Ej-K- 



Commercial Department. 


ililly. No loDi; coluniua of llgiiri: 

ed. Sent poBtpa 



are used by c 

HetQil price 
only one Oi 
fourth linger 


Fort Madison, Iowa. 


ilon't be biishful. but let me have yoiir°dime 
promise you a treat, L. MAUAHASZ. Bos i 

Commercial College. 

irautograph, spe 

At last. We have It! 

Harman's Pure Rubber Finger 
Shield for Pen Holders and Pencils. 

The best aid to good writing ever 

ON THE HOLDER and eases the fin- 
gers from cramp and fatigue. 

It prevents the fingers from be- 
coming smeared with ink: in fact, 
no holder is complete without it. 

Try this Shield on the oblique 
holder: it works admirably. 

By arrangements with the manu- 
facturer, I am enabled to make you 
the following very liberal offers: 



1 SUiDld and Oblique Holders (the " I(lt*al 


1 Shield nnd I Set of Capitals 

1 Shield and 1 Flourieli or 1 Dozen (.iirilH. , 
1 Rhield and 1 Dozen Beet 

Money refunded if not satisfac- 
tory. Address, 

McVicker's Building. Chicago, III. 


ThiBinstilutlon is located at Keokuk, 
the MiBBlflftippI), and enjoys a very liberal pati 


,Hi.l -|..-. nii.ti <>r penmanship 



iirvly cl 

nil t)*! is 

and oystematicnlly iirrHoget 

For all BiiiiplieH and geueral infonnatinti 
eardlugthe Coll.-Et', address 



or Tefltlmonlal and Memofial Ret-oliitions. 
paring draw In ga of eviry dcecrlptioii for I'l 
cu graving and I'ttotu-lilhogrophy a specialty. 

fy Estimates and eamplci of work funjiehcd 
upon application. 

|»~ InwtnicMon In Penmnnebip, tndlvidnal or 
to clasbea. C. I.. BICKRTTS. 

Arlietic PenniaD and Teacher, 


Specimens ot Off-hand Flourish- 
ing sent on receipt of 24 one-cent 


Col. Bus. College. Columbus, Ohio. 

Bind eUmp Tot Price Liet.